19 September 2011

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News

Background

Practical Information

 

High-Level Conference on "The completion of the EU internal energy market: getting to 2014"

On 29 September 2011, Günther H. Oettinger, Commissioner for Energy, organises a one day high-level conference on the completion of the EU internal energy market - 'Getting to 2014'. The conference will take stock of the progress made in completing the EU internal energy market and identify further action that must be taken in order to achieve the European Council's objective of having a fully functioning internal energy market by 2014.

The conference will be live-streamed in six languages via the European Commission's webcast portal

 

[Programme ]

[Registration Form ]

 

More information: Internal Market on DG ENER WebsiteTop

 

EU starts negotiations on Caspian pipeline to bring gas to Europe

Brussels, 12 September 2011 – The European Union has adopted a mandate to negotiate a legally binding treaty between the EU, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan to build a Trans Caspian Pipeline System. This is the first time that the European Union has proposed a treaty in support of an infrastructure project. The treaty will be concluded by the EU after decision by all 27 Member States that the European Commission should lead the negotiations on behalf of them all.

This decision constitutes a milestone in the realisation of the Southern Corridor and is the first operational decision as part of a co-ordinated and united external energy strategy, as proposed in the European Commission's Communication on security of energy supply and international cooperation - "The EU Energy Policy: Engaging with Partners beyond Our Borders" - adopted on 7 September.

Energy Commissioner Oettinger stated that: "Europe is now speaking with one voice. The trans-Caspian pipeline is a major project in the Southern Corridor to bring new sources of gas to Europe. We have the intention of achieving this as soon as possible."

 


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More information: Security of supply and international cooperation

 

Speaking with one voice – the key to securing our energy interests abroad

Brussels, 07 September 2011 - In today's ever-changing global energy markets achieving EU energy security calls for adequate coordination at home and a strong and assertive position abroad. On 7 september 2011, the Commission adopted a Communication on security of energy supply and international cooperation, setting out for the first time a comprehensive strategy for the EU's external relations in energy. Improved coordination among EU Member States in identifying and implementing clear priorities in external energy policy is central to the approach outlined by the Commission.

Commissioner for Energy Günther Oettinger said: "The EU energy policy has made real progress over the last several years. Now, the EU must extend the achievements of its large internal energy market beyond its borders to ensure the security of energy supplies to Europe and foster international energy partnerships. Therefore, the Commission proposes today a coherent approach in the energy relations with third countries. This need to improve internal coordination so that the EU and its Member States act together and speak with one voice."

 

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[Communication "The EU Energy Policy: Engaging with Partners beyond Our Borders" ]

 

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More information: External Dimension on DG ENER Website

 

Report on Education and Training in the Nuclear Energy Field in the EU

On 16 September 2011, the Commission has adopted the 1st Situation Report on Education and Training in the Nuclear Energy Field in the European Union. Strengthening further the nuclear safety culture throughout Europe remains a priority of our energy policy. The report provides a comprehensive picture of the situation of human resources in the nuclear energy sector in the EU, identifies the current challenges, and presents the spectrum of both current and planned EU, national and international initiatives in this field.

 

[Communication "1st Situation Report on Education and Training in the Nuclear Energy Field in the European Union" ]

 

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More information:  Nuclear energy

 

EU-Russia energy roadmap until 2050

Minister Shmatko and Commissioner Oettinger in February 2011 agreed to start discussions on an EU-Russia energy roadmap until 2050 to make proposals for EU-Russia long-term energy cooperation. A progress report prepared by EU and Russian experts has been issued recently as the basis for further discussion.

[Progress report, July 2011 ]

 

Background

Snapshot on European wind energy


In 2010 39.4 GW of new wind turbine capacity were installed bringing the world wide total installed wind capacity to almost 200 GW (Fig. 1). The total value of new generation  equipment installed in 2010 is estimated to be about € 40 billion. China moved to the first place (44.7 GW), followed by the United States (40.2 GW), Germany (27.2 GW), Spain
(20.7 GW) and India (13.1 GW). With almost 19 GW of new installations, China had about 50% market share of new installations. The total installed wind capacity at the end of 2010
can produce about 440 TWh of electricity or about 2.2% of the global electricity demand.

 
The European Union Member States added 9,259 MW and reached a total installed capacity of 84,074 MW. Other European countries and Turkey added 624 MW, bringing the total
wind installations in Europe and Turkey to 86,075 MW.

 

Figure 1: Cumulative world-wide installed Wind Power capacity from 1990 to 2010
Data Source: BTM, EWEA, GWEC, WWEA [1, 2, 3, 4]

 

General trends

Six countries added capacities of more than 1 GW in 2010: China (18.9 GW), United States of America (5.1 GW), India (2.1 GW), Germany (1,551 MW), Spain (1,527 MW) and France (1,086 MW). Another five countries added 500 MW or more: United Kingdom (962 MW) 2 Italy (950 MW), Canada (690 MW), Sweden (604 MW), Romania (577 MW) and Turkey (528 MW).
 

After an almost even distribution of market shares amongst Europe, North America and Asia in 2009, Asia dominated the installations with almost 54% in 2010, whereas the North  American share sharply declined to 15% leaving Europe with 25%.

In 2010, the European Union's wind capacity grew by 12.2 %, well below the global average of 24.8%. The total capacity of 84 GW is equal to 10% of the total European electricity generation capacity and is capable to produce about 185 TWh of electricity or roughly 6% of the European electricity consumption. The German and Spanish markets each still represent 16% of the EU market, but France (12%), the United Kingdom (10%) and Italy (10%) are catching up.
 

The general trend shows that the wind energy sector is broadening its market base and more and more countries are increasing the installation of wind energy capacities. In 2010 a total of 83 countries used wind energy on a commercial basis and 50 out of them increased their installations in that year. The European market accounted for about 25% of the total new capacity, a significant percentage decrease from the 75% in 2004.

In 2010 offshore wind capacity increased more than twice the rate of onshore installations with 59.4%. However this high growth rate was from a low basis and the added offshore capacity of 1.16 GW brought the total offshore capacity to 3.1 GW or 1.6% of the total wind capacity worldwide.

 

Figure 2: Market shares of manufacturers 2010 (39.4 GW installations) [1]
(The total is more than 100% due to the difference between supplied and install
ed turbines)

China

So far most of the Chinese wind turbines are only sold in China, but a number of players have already announced to expand outside China in the future partly because of overcapacity and fierce competition within the domestic market.

It is obvious, that the vision of the Chinese wind turbine manufacturers is not limited to sell wind turbines overseas, but to establish manufacturing strongholds in the big markets and offer wind farm financing and operation. This strategy is backed by the Chinese government in order to accelerate the maturing of the domestic industry.

Despite a record capacity of 44.7 GW, China is still facing a severe connection problem. The State Grid Cooperation of China (SGCC) estimates that by the end of 2010, that wind farms with about 15 GW capacity were not connected to the national grid. In 2010, coal accounted for 67.6 percent of the country's power, about 30 percent higher than the world average. Wind power accounted for just 1.1 percent of China's electricity.

 

Growth and jobs

In 2009 the European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) increased its 2020 target from 180 GW installed capacity in 2020 to 230 GW including 40 GW offshore. This cumulative installed capacity would be able to produce some 600 TWh of electricity or 14 to 18% of the European Union's expected electricity demand in 2020.

On a world wide scale, the World Wind Energy Association (WWEA) is forecasting on the basis of the current growth rates and the increased risk awareness of fossil fuel supply and
nuclear power plants an installed wind capacity of 600 GW by 2015 and 1,500 GW by 2010.

According to the WWEA, the sector provided 670,000 direct and indirect jobs at the end of 2010 and has more than tripled its employment figures within the last five years. In 2012 the Association expects that the wind industry will provide more than 1 million jobs world wide.

 

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Authors:

Arnulf Jäger-Waldau, European Commission, Joint Research Centre; Renewable Energy Unit
e-mail: arnulf.jaeger-waldau@ec.europa.eu
Roberto Lacal Arantegui, European Commission, Joint Research Centre; Energy System Evaluation Unit
e-mail: Roberto.lacal-arantegui@ec.europa.eu

The studies are subject to a disclaimer and copyright. The studies have been carried out for the European Commission and express the opinions of the organisations having undertaken them. The views have not been adopted or in any way approved by the European Commission and should not be relied upon as a statement of the European Commission's views. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information given in the studies, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.

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