15 July 2010

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Commission requests Poland to stop violation of EU rules on internal gas market

The European Commission has decided to send a request to Poland to stop the violations of the EU rules creating a Single Market for gas. The obligation imposed by Poland on gas importers to store a certain percentage of gas in Poland and the lack of access to the Yamal pipeline infringe the EU rules on the internal gas market. This also effectively forecloses the Polish gas market for EU gas suppliers endangering in turn security of supply of Poland. A properly functioning, well regulated, transparent and interconnected market, with market price signals is crucial for ensuring competition and security of supply. An efficient and fully functional EU Single Market in energy will give consumers a choice between different companies supplying gas at reasonable prices, and it will make the market accessible for all suppliers. Poland now has two months to respond to the requests, which take the form of 'reasoned opinions' under EU infringement procedures. In the absence of a satisfactory response, the Commission may refer Poland to the EU's Court of Justice.


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Background

Renewable energy contributed 10.3% of energy consumption in the EU27 in 2008

In 2008, energy from renewable sources was estimated to have contributed 10.3% of gross final energy consumption in the EU27, compared with 9.7% in 2007 and 8.8% in 2006. The 2009 Directive on renewable energy set individual targets for all Member States, such that the EU will reach a 20% share of total energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020. These targets take into account the Member States' different starting points, renewable energy potential and economic performance.

These figures are taken from a report issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.

Highest share of renewables in Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Austria and Portugal
The highest share of renewable energy in total consumption in 2008 was found in Sweden (44.4% of renewable energy sources in total consumption), Finland (30.5%), Latvia (29.9%), Austria (28.5%) and Portugal (23.2%), and the lowest in Malta (0.2%), Luxembourg (2.1%), the United Kingdom (2.2%), the Netherlands (3.2%) and Belgium (3.3%).
Between 2006 and 2008, nearly all Member States increased their share of renewable energy in total consumption. The largest increases were recorded in Austria (from 24.8% in 2006 to 28.5% in 2008), Estonia (from 16.1% to 19.1%), Romania (from 17.5% to 20.4%), Portugal (from 20.5% to 23.2%) and Slovakia (from 6.2% to 8.4%).

 

Share of renewable energy

(in % of gross final energy consumption)

 

2006

2007

2008

2020 target

EU27

8.8

9.7

10.3

20

Belgium

2.7

3.0

3.3

13

Bulgaria

9.3

9.1

9.4

16

Czech Republic

6.4

7.3

7.2

13

Denmark

16.8

18.1

18.8

30

Germany

6.9

9.0

8.9

18

Estonia

16.1

17.1

19.1

25

Ireland

3.0

3.4

3.8

16

Greece

7.2

8.1

8.0

18

Spain

9.1

9.6

10.7

20

France*

9.6

10.2

11.0

23

Italy

5.3

5.2

6.8

17

Cyprus

2.5

3.1

4.1

13

Latvia

31.3

29.7

29.9

40

Lithuania

14.7

14.2

15.3

23

Luxembourg

0.9

2.0

2.1

11

Hungary

5.1

6.0

6.6

13

Malta

0.1

0.2

0.2

10

Netherlands

2.5

3.0

3.2

14

Austria

24.8

26.6

28.5

34

Poland

7.4

7.4

7.9

15

Portugal

20.5

22.2

23.2

31

Romania

17.5

18.7

20.4

24

Slovenia

15.5

15.6

15.1

25

Slovakia

6.2

7.4

8.4

14

Finland

29.2

28.9

30.5

38

Sweden

42.7

44.2

44.4

49

United Kingdom

1.5

1.7

2.2

15

* "France métropolitaine", excluding the four overseas departments (French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion)


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