Communications Networks, Content and Technology
European Commission Directorate General

Open Data and Public Sector Information

Open Data and Public Sector Information

Data Value Chain (Unit G.3)
Goal

The main goal is to materialise the economic and social opportunities of open data. More specifically, making open data the norm in the European public sector and providing a single point of access to data sets produced by public bodies across Europe will support the re-use of multilingual datasets for innovative applications and contribute to the democratic process, creation of jobs and economic growth.

Action

Promote open data policies across the European Union through the Commission's open data policy including the implementation of the revised Directive on the re-use of Public Sector Information (PSI) and establish the pan-European open data infrastructure and implement the automated translation digital service infrastructure.

Situation

The enormous economic potential of open data is widely recognised. In order to fully unlock the economic potential of PSI and reach the level of EUR 40 billion in economic gains, concrete actions are to be put in place. These actions need to focus on more clarity and transparency, especially with regard to licensing and charging issues as well as the pre-conditions of fair competition practices between the public and the private sector.On the one hand, although publicly funded data is available in relatively large quantities, it can become challenging to find and combine such data at European level. On the other hand, while the EU (digital) internal market in principle allows free circulation of goods and services, this market is still hampered by significant language barriers. Language barriers affect particularly online business[1] but also hinder the wider deployment of pan-European public services and cultural exchanges. This leads to inefficiencies and a high number of missed business opportunities which need to be addressed. [1] 51% of EU27 retailers sell via the Internet, but only 21% support cross-border transactions. While 30% of EU citizens have purchased online, only 7% have purchased from a retailer in another Member State. Sources: Flash Eurobarometer 224: Business attitudes towards cross-border sales and consumer protection (2008); Special Eurobarometer 298 (2008) (http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/index_en.htm)

Mandate
1. Directive 2013/37/EU amending Directive 2003/98/EC on the re-use of public sector information, OJ L 175, 27.6.2013 2. Connecting Europe Facility – Digital service infrastructure on Open Data and Automated Translation Unit G3 participates in the governance of digital service infrastructure with unit H.3. as regards machine translation and open data.

Input

Full-Time Equivalent: 
6
People: 
6.00 full-time equivalent (FTE)
Collaboration with other DGs or agencies:
Budget: 
Approximately EUR 25 million from CEF budget in 2014-2015
Other: 

This priority will be managed in collaboration with the Adviser responsible for Open Data (Richard SWETENHAM)

Outputs

Functioning infrastructure for Automated Translation (CEF DSI)

Functioning infrastructure delivering automated translation, as measured by the use of the building block by other services and the volume of language resources

Indicators

3042

Functioning infrastructure delivering automated translation, as measured by the use of the building block by other services and the available volume of language resources

Target Functioning infrastructure "Automated translation" (by end 2016)

Open data infrastructure (CEF DSI)

Successful and stable core platform of the open data infrastructure, as measured by the volume of data accessible through European data infrastructure and the number of visitors

Indicators

3039

Successful and stable core platform of the open data infrastructure, as measured by the volume of data accessible through European data infrastructure and the number of visitors

Target Operational pan-European open data infrastructure by end 2016 (by end 2016)

Correct transposition of the revised Directive in all Member States

Indicators

1274

Number of Member States with correct transposition of the revised PSI Directive

Target Correct transposition of the revised PSI Directive in all Member States

Interaction with stakeholders on all aspects of the open data policy, including follow up of the implementation of the G8 Open Data Charter

Indicators

1277

Interaction with stakeholders on all aspects of the open data policy, including follow up of the implementation of the G8 Open Data Charter

Target Organise up to two meetings of the PSI Group per year (yearly)

Availability of guidelines

Adoption of guidelines on high value datasets, licensing and pricing with regard to the re‑use of PSI

Indicators

1270

Availability of guidelines on licensing and pricing with regard to the re-use of PSI

Target Adoption and promotion of guidelines on licensing and pricing (by end 2014)

Open Data Incubator

Open Data Incubator up and running (H2020 action)

Indicators

4297

Open Data Incubator services

Target Open Data Incubator up and running (by end 2015)
Results/Impacts

Jobs & smart growth - languages

Job creation and smart economic growth by bridging language barriers in the online domain in order to unlock the potential of business and ensure the wider deployment of pan-European public services and cultural exchanges

Indicators

3046

Job creation and smart economic growth by bridging language barriers in the online domain in order to unlock the potential of business and ensure a wider deployment of pan-European public services and cultural exchanges

Target Increase of the volume of cross border e commerce and e-services, plus the proportion of EU population using cross-border e-commerce and e-services

Jobs & smart growth - open data

Contribution to the stimulation of jobs and smart economic growth by increased re-use of open data by all sectors of the EU economy and society

Indicators

3044

Contribution to the stimulation of jobs and smart economic growth by increased re-use of open data by all sectors of the EU economy and society

Target Increase the average to 350 points in the PSI scoreboard by end 2014 (by end 2014)
Baseline 325 points (2013)

Improved usability of PSI

Improved usability of PSI as measured by increased average score of Member States in the PSI scoreboard (taking into account the implementation of the revised PSI Directive, national/regional/local PSI re-use policies, pricing practices, exclusive arrangements and related events).Contribution to the stimulation of jobs and smart economic growth by

  • increasing the European market of PSI,
  • preventing distortions of competition on the EU market,
  • stimulating content market for PSI based products and services, and
  • stimulating cross-border exploitation of PSI.

By opening up PSI for re-use, total direct economic gains amounting to EUR 40 billion[1] a year in the EU are to be achieved.[1] Review of recent studies on PSI re-use and related market developments, G. Vickery, August 2011, p. 3 

Indicators

507

number of Member States scoring at least 250 points in the PSI scoreboard proving significant effort in making public sector data available for re-use (lead indicator)

Target All Member States score at least 250 points in the PSI scoreboard by end 2014 (by end 2014)
Baseline 17 Member States (2013)

Link to DG CONNECT's Top Level Targets

  • Europe 2020 - 75% of the population aged 20-64 should be employed Europe 2020
  • eCommerce Action Plan - Double the share of eCommerce in retail sales and of the internet sector in European GDP by 2015
  • H2020 - By 2020, one third of all Europe's ICT business investment in ICT R&D in the EU should come from companies created within the last two decades
  • DAE - 50 % of the population to buy online by 2015
  • DAE - 20 % of the population to buy online cross-border by 2015
  • DAE - To increase regular internet usage from 60 % to 75 % by2015, and from 41 % to 60 % among disadvantaged people
  • DAE - To halve the proportion of the population that has never used the internet from 30 % to 15 % by 2015
  • DAE - 50 % of citizens to use eGovernment by 2015, with more than half returning completed forms
  • DAE - All key cross-border public services, to be agreed by Member States in 2011, to be available online by 2015
Read more
  • https://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/public-sector-information-raw-data-new-services-and-products