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High Performance Computing and GEANT

High Performance Computing and GEANT

eInfrastructure (Unit C.1)

 In the field of High Performance Computing (HPC), the goal of PRACE (Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe) is to enable high impact scientific discovery and engineering research and development across all disciplines to enhance European competitiveness for the benefit of society.The European Technology Platform for HPC (ET4HPC) brings together the main European industrial, research and academic actors in the field of HPC. The goal of the platform is to take Europe to a leadership position in this domain by developing the next generation of high performance computing systems.GÉANT is the European communication network for research, education and public service, and aims to provide networking services for European researchers to access resources anywhere in the world.  


PRACE offers world class computing and data management resources and services through a peer review process. PRACE also seeks to strengthen the European users of HPC in industry through various initiatives.  We support PRACE through our Horizon 2020 projects and coordinate with the ETP4HPC our Horizon 2020 funding on HPC through a contractual PPP with them.We are currently creating a long term partnership with GEANT to guarantee operational sustainability of services of European dimension. 


Europe leads in the supply and use of computational infrastructure and services in industry and academia, generating new knowledge and industrial innovation.For High Performance Computing:

  1. Critical mass of investment remains a challenge, in part due to fragmentation across EU countries.
  2. Many existing High Performance Computing (HPC) applications do not fully exploit the capacities of HPC systems.
  3. There is insufficient European-level pooling and sharing of resources; scarcity of resources.
  4. Many SMEs and public sector actors are not aware of possibilities offered by computing infrastructures; lack of HPC skills.


  1. GÉANT must adapt to the production of big amounts of data and deliver extremely high bandwidth and guaranteed point-to-point connectivity on demand.
  2. Services enabling researcher mobility and a harmonised authentication and authorisation infrastructure (AAI) need be developed.
  3. In some cases, it is hard for industry to have research cooperation with academia using GÉANT.
  4. Governance (about 40 national organisations are involved) needs to be rationalised and the innovation dimension must be strengthened.
  5. GÉANT must maintain the proper connectivity to other world regions to ensure Europe remains the global hub of research networking.
REGULATION (EU) No 1291/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 11 December 2013 establishing Horizon 2020 - the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020) and repealing Decision No 1982/2006/EC. COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS. High-Performance Computing: Europe's place in a Global Race. Brussels, 15.2.2012 COM(2012) 45 final


Full-Time Equivalent: 
Collaboration with other DGs or agencies:
In the work programme 2014/15 we envisage spending of 90m Euro for this priority.

European Grid Infrastructure

Support to the EGI-Community Forum 2015

Timeframe: 2015



Participation of stakeholders in the grid domain in the EGI Community Forum

Target stable participation at baseline level (2015)
Baseline 350 stakeholders (2014)

provided by


Launching of the third implementation phase of the PRACE initiative and support the PCP pilot included in the project work plan.PRACE: Partnership for Advanced Comuting in Europe



Pre Commercial Procurement (PCP) published successfully in PRACE 3rd implementation phase


GÉANT platform

Large scale global online collaborations, enhanced researchers mobility, and remote access to instruments, scientific data and education material make European research more productive and competitive; aggregation of demand for connectivity and services as well as interoperability at EU level resulting in significant cost savings.

Timeframe: next target figures April 2015



eduRoam authentications per month

Target International: 24,000,000; National: 130,000,000 (April 2015)
Baseline International: 5,000,000; National: 35,000,000
Current International: 14,576,920; National: 89,545,802 (April 2014)

Provided by DANTE/GÉANT

GÉANT services adoption factor defined as the sum, across all GÉANT production services available, of no. of NRENs who have taken up each service/no. of NRENs to whom the service is available.

Target 55% (April 2015)
Baseline 47% (Expressed as a percentage of the total possible no. of subscriptions)
Current 51% (April 2014)

Provided by DANTE/GÉANT

Network performance

Target 99.9% (April 2015)
Baseline 99.7% (calculated as the percentage of NRENs connected to the GÉANT fibre cloud whose IP L2 Point to Point services SLA has been met)
Current 99.8% (April 2014)

Provided by DANTE/GÉANT

GÉANT international provisioned capacity to RoW

Target 210 Gbps (April 2015)
Baseline 200 Gbps
Current 190 Gbps (April 2014)

Provided by DANTE/GÉANT

GÉANT NREN partners subscribed access capacity to GÉANT

Target 1,400 Gbps (April 2015)
Baseline 1,178 Gbps
Current 1,387.5 Gbps (April 2014)

Provided by DANTE/GÉANT

Total bandwidth available in GÉANT (lead indicator)

Target 4,600,000 GbpsKm (April 2015)
Baseline 1,127,150 GbpsKm
Current 4,231,726 GbpsKm (April 2014)

Provided by DANTE/GÉANT  

Chart URL See the chart

European HPC supply industry is a source of growth and jobs

Timeframe: by 2020



European companies' share of the HPC market (systems and software)

Target 12,5% (by 2020)
Baseline ca. 4% in 2009 (IDC study on HPC)

Computational infrastructures

Access to a broad range of advanced and user-friendly computing services, applications and expertise enables researchers to be more productive and leads to a competitive advantage in industry. 

Timeframe: continuous target



Percentage of transnational usage (EGI)

Target 35% (2016)
Baseline 28% (May 2014)
Current 28% (May 2014)

provided by

Number of EGI users and number of awarded projects in PRACE

Target constant increase
Baseline 20700 EGI-users and 57 awarded projects in PRACE
Current 28,560 EGI-user (April 2014)

EGI, European Grid Initiative:, the Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe:

Number of TOP20 supercomputers located in Europe

Target 33% in Europe
Baseline 6 (5th, 6th, 9th, 11th,16th, 20th)
Current 7 (6th, 8th, 10th, 14th, 15th, 19th, 20th) (November 2013)

Computing cycles available for open transnational access (lead indicator)

Target constant increase
Baseline last PRACE call 1273 million core hours awarded / 1790 Million Core hours provided by EGI (2012)
Current 1975 Million core hours provided by EGI in 2013 (April 2014)

EGI, European Grid Initiative:, the Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe:

Chart URL See the chart

Link to DG CONNECT's Top Level Targets

  • Europe 2020 - 3% of the EU's GDP should be invested in R&D, complemented by a future EU 2020 Headline Innovation Indicator
  • Horizon 2020 Priority "Excellent Science": contribution to "strengthen the excellence in European research".
  • Digital Agenda for Europe (DAE): Action 53 - Financially support joint ICT research infrastructures and innovation clusters: ensure sufficient financial support to joint ICT (Information and Communication technology) research infrastructures and innovation clusters, develop further e-Infrastructures and establish an EU strategy for cloud computing notably for government and science.
  • European Research Area (ERA) Communication (COM(2012) 392 final) objectives.
  • Optimal levels of transnational co-operation and competition.
  • Optimal circulation and transfer of scientific knowledge.
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