The Union gives support to professionals through its
activities fostering mobility of artists, networking and training.
Mobility and networking
Within the internal market, culture professionals benefit from Community
provisions governing workers' freedom
of establishment and of movement. In terms of EU trade relations with
third countries, the General
Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), concluded under the aegis of
the World Trade Organisation, lays down rules for international trade
in services. In particular, it allows service providers, including musicians,
to understand the conditions under which they may gain access to foreign
2000 programme fosters the mobility and networking of artists, creators
and other cultural operators. Accordingly, various cooperation agreements
were sealed in 2000 with a view to developing cooperation networks in
the fields of classical music, contemporary music and opera.
The European Union is also interested in the situation of musicians. The
Council recently adopted resolutions on the free movement of persons working
in the culture sector, and on the situation
of artists from the point of view of enlargement.
The European Union also helps to provide training opportunities for artists
and other operators in the musical sector. The "Culture 2000"
programme thus includes music-oriented projects involving composition
seminars and other specific training for conductors. For example the European
Union has subsidized the European
Opera Centre which encourages the training and career of young artists
in the field of opera all over Europe.
The Union plays a further part through its education
and training policies, for example giving support to the thematic
network for "higher arts and musical education in Europe" funded
by the SOCRATES programme.
Additionally, the Youth
programme supports numerous projects for young people in the musical
field (exchanges, joint projects, etc.), while some of the projects aimed
at young unemployed people or the long-term unemployed funded by the European
Social Fund have to do with the musical sector.