Composing and disseminating music
Through its activities in connection with regional development,
culture and research, the Union encourages the creation, dissemination
and distribution of musical works.
Venues for composing and disseminating music
As part of its regional
policy, the European Union contributes to the financing of venues
for the creation and distribution of artistic works: music schools, concert
studios, etc. It also conducts a policy of heritage preservation,
covering aspects such as the restoration of historic theatres, including
the Teatro del Liceu in Barcelona and the Fenice in Venice, following
fires which damaged these prestigious concert halls in 1994 and 1996.
These are now covered by a European network devoted to the security and
care of such premises, and to the preservation of the cultural heritage
which they represent.
The Union gives support to European
orchestras by means of subsidies designed to cover the management
and operation costs of organisations working in the cultural interest.
It also encourages, through its Culture
2000 programme, cooperation between music ensembles in the context
of joint projects: tours and concerts, festivals, introduction to contemporary
music or opera, etc. In 2000, this programme helped to finance networks
geared to structuring cooperation in the music sector, such as the Varese
Creation and dissemination of works
The Culture 2000 programme places emphasis on artistic creation, production
and distribution of works. It supports contemporary creative ventures,
e.g. new forms of musical theatre or multimedia musical works, as well
as the production of classical or traditional works. As 2001 was the hundredth
anniversary of the death of Verdi, specific projects commemorating him
were financed, similar to the action taken in 2000 to mark the Bach year.
The Commission also joins forces with the Council of Europe to spread
awareness of the richness and diversity of musical heritage: for example,
it has helped to finance a project forming part of the "Europe,
a common heritage" (1999-2000) campaign, concerning European
New technologies and music
The development of multimedia and the possibility of disseminating music
via the Internet or mobile telephone networks opens up new horizons for
the commercial exploitation of music, but also poses formidable problems
of copyright protection.
Within the framework of its European research programme User-friendly
information society, in particular the activities relating to "essential
technologies and infrastructures" and "multimedia content and
tools", the Commission supports experimental projects aimed at accessing,
creating, protecting and distributing music on digital networks, including
The Union also encourages, through its eContent
programme, the production and commercial exploitation of European digital
content: text, images, sound and also music.
Moreover, to encourage the creation, exploitation and circulation of works
on digital networks, the Union adopted a new directive in April 2001,
dealing with protection of copyright in the information society, as part
of a series
of texts aimed at harmonising copyright protection in Europe.