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Over the years, the European Community has pieced together a set of rules which are either directly applicable to the cultural sphere or have a strong impact on it.
Culture, a fundamental Union right
The Treaty of Maastricht, adopted in 1992, brought culture within the
Union's sphere of responsibility. Introducing a new "Culture"
151), it also set out the principle whereby the Union should contribute
"to education and training of quality and to the flowering of the
cultures of the Member States" (Article
The "Culture" chapter of the Treaty stipulates also that "the Community shall take cultural aspects into account in its action under other provisions of this Treaty, in particular in order to respect and promote the diversity of its cultures" (paragraph 4 of Article 151).
Other sources of Community law
There is also substantial Community legislation with implications in the cultural field, particularly in relation to the internal market, competition and international trade. This legislation is clarified and supplemented by the case law of the European Union's Court of Justice and Court of First Instance.
|Last update: 03-05-2006|