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Culture and International law
The Treaty on European Union provides that the Community and the Member States shall foster cooperation with third countries and the competent international organisations in the sphere of culture, in particular the Council of Europe (Article 151).
At international level, EU involvement is mainly concerned with trade in cultural goods and services, and the preservation of world heritage.
Within the WTO framework, the European Union participates in negotiations
on intellectual property: it has accordingly concluded an agreement
on intellectual property rights under the Uruguay Round ("TRIPS/ADPIC"
In March 2000, the EU Council approved two WIPO Treaties: one on copyright and the other on performances and phonograms, aimed at guaranteeing a balanced level of protection of works and other items, and facilitating public access to network content. Still within the framework of the WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organisation), the European Union is continuing the negotiations on subjects such as broadcasters' protection, database protection, folklore and respecting intellectual property rights.
International law and heritage protection
The principles of national cultural heritage preservation and of entitlement to restitution have been recognised by two international agreements, one concluded under the aegis of UNESCO in 1972 and the other in conjunction with the Council of Europe (Granada Convention, 1985).
|Last update: 03-05-2006|