Actions geared in particular towards third countries
In the field of international
relations, the European Union has concluded cooperation agreements
with various countries, which often contain a cultural element.
Mundus programme is a cooperation and mobility programme in the field
of higher education, which, among other things, promotes exchanges between
the EU and third countries.
The Culture 2000 programme principally supports cultural cooperation projects
between organisations from a number of European countries, but also projects
taking place in third countries.
Actions geared in particular towards neighbouring countries
The European Union has set up various instruments geared towards neighbouring
countries. Following the Barcelona Declaration in 1995, the
MEDA programme was established with 12 Mediterranean partner countries.
It contains a variety of measures working towards promoting the dialogue
between cultures and civilisations. For example, the Euro-Med Youth
II programme is aimed at the Member States and at 12 Mediterranean countries.
In order to give more thought to this question a High Level Advisory Group on intercultural dialogue in the Mediterranean area was set up in 2003. The Group's conclusions include support for the proposed setting up of a
Euro-Mediterranean Foundation for the dialogue between cultures.
Following the accession of ten new Member States in 2004, the European
Union developed a European Neighbourhood Policy to promote, among other
things, cultural cooperation with the new neighbours.