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European cooperation: the Open Method of Coordination

What is it about?

The European Commission fosters cooperation with individual countries within the European Union, in addition to working with countries outside the EU and international organisations.

Nationally, the European Commission cooperates with Member States to develop proposals for cooperation between EU countries or define policy on a European level. This form of cooperation is referred to as the Open Method of Coordination (OMC).

Why is it needed?

The Open Method of Coordination is a platform whereby national authorities can discuss and valid national or regional best practices, as well as make proposals for cooperation initiatives between EU countries or at EU level.

The work carried out through the OMC focuses on addressing important issues in the areas of:

  • Cultural diversity and dialogue;
  • Accessible and inclusive culture;
  • Cultural and creative industries;
  • Skills and mobility;
  • Cultural heritage.
What is the Commission's role?

The Commission is responsible for managing the OMC, as well as representing the interests of the EU at an international level.

Under the OMC, national authorities appoint representatives and individuals to be part of specialised working groups. These working groups, specialising in specific sectors, provide input in the form of reports and studies to better tailor the Commission's approach to dealing with priorities in the culture sector.

What has been achieved so far?

To date, the OMC has yielded a variety of essential outputs, including:

What are the next steps?

The Commission will continue its work with the Member States through the OMC and working groups, focusing on the priority areas outlined in the work plan for culture.