What is it about?
Cultural and creative industries (CCIs) are, at the dawn of the 21st century, undergoing considerable change as a result of increased digital technologies, the economic crisis of the past several years, and considerable changes in the regulatory framework.
Support to CCIs has, likewise, evolved rapidly, witnessing core changes in intellectual property law, increased support through state aid, and a greater recognition of their potential contribution to the economy.
Why is it needed?
Despite the considerable potential of CCIs, estimated to be responsible for over 3% of the EU's gross domestic product and jobs, they remain undervalued and unrecognised, especially in terms of their ability to access start-up capital and financing.
The challenges facing CCIs are compounded by a lack of clear evidence and information in the sector, which further limits the ability of financial backers to recognise their potential, as well as other legislative hurdles, such as intellectual property rights, varying tax regimes, and mobility issues.
CCIs need support to enable them to properly represent their interests and raise their concerns, as well as to create cross-border networks and platforms to help structure and strengthen the sector.
What is the EC's role?
In line with the Europe 2020 strategy for growth and jobs, the European Commission's role is, in general, to ensure that the culture sector is able to increasingly contribute to employment and growth across Europe.
Specifically, this involves the provision of direct financial and technical support, whether in the form of grants or the establishment of networks and platforms to support the sector.
What is being done?
The Commission's priorities in the field of CCIs include:
These are complemented through a variety of actions and initiatives, as well as the Creative Europe Programme, and funding from other Commission sources. Specific activities undertaken recently include: