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Candidate and Potential Candidate Countries

Policy development actions

In the enlargement context, the bilateral and regional cultural cooperation activities are recognised as making a fundamental contribution to the promotion of European values and intercultural dialogue. This is of particular relevance in the Western Balkans, where in addition to fostering democratisation, reconciliation and respect for human rights, culture contributes to the development of the local economy.

Initiatives supported by the EC

Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA) – 2007-2013

The IPA offers financial assistance to candidate and potential candidate countries. Through bilateral actions financial support is provided for cultural heritage purposes.

"Integrated Rehabilitation Project Plan/Survey of the Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (IRPP/SAAH)" – Joint Action with CoE – (2003 onwards)

Since 2003 in South East Europe, the EC and the CoE have been conducting a joint action on the rehabilitation of cultural heritage, the "Integrated Rehabilitation Project Plan/Survey of the Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (IRPP/SAAH)". Participating countries in this regional cooperation project are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo , the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia.

Establishment of the ''Regional Cooperation Council (RCC) Task Force on Culture and Society'' ( 2011)

The Task Force was established in 2010 with IPA Multi-Beneficiary funds for the institutionalisation of the Ljubljana Process (common regional methodology for the rehabilitation of Cultural Heritage in the Western Balkans). A methodology assembled in cooperation between the EC and the CoE will be implemented by the countries in the region within the institutional umbrella of the RCC and under the supervision of international experts.

Preparatory action for preserving and restoring cultural heritage in conflict areas – (2008-2011)

The pilot project (2008 and 2009) and the preparatory actions (2010, 2011) funded by a European Parliament line serve to develop a wider approach for preserving and restoring cultural heritage in conflict areas. So far, two Pilot Projects and one preparatory action have been implemented. The combination of all these activities has resulted in the programming of five projects altogether in Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Croatia.