Raphael was a Community action programme in the field of heritage.
Adopted for four years (1997-2000) with a budget of 30 million euro,
it ended in 1999. Its aim was to encourage cooperation for the protection,
conservation and enhancement of Europe's cultural heritage, raising
citizens' awareness of cultural heritage and facilitating their
access to it. The main sectors covered by the programme were movable
and immovable heritage (museums, collections, libraries and archives,
including photographic, film and audio archives), archaeological
and undersea heritage, architectural heritage and cultural landscapes
(natural and cultural objects).
It supported a total of almost 360 projects relating to the conservation
and enhancement of heritage, involving more than 1 500 operators
from all over Europe. The European heritage laboratories were also