Culture 2000 : Presentation
What was the Culture 2000 programme?
Culture 2000 was a Community programme established for seven years (2000-2006)
with a total budget of 236,5 million euro. In contrast to the financial
instruments that preceded it, Culture 2000 provides grants to cultural
cooperation projects in all artistic and cultural fields (performing
arts, plastic and visual arts, literature, heritage, cultural history,
Culture 2000 was established by the Decision No 508/2000/EC of the
European Parliament and of the Council, adopted on 14 February 2000
and prolonged by Decision No 626/2004/EC of the European Parliament
and of the Council of 31 March 2004. These decisions were examined
in accordance with the procedure provided for in Article 151(5),
according to which actions in the area of culture are adopted by
the Parliament and the Council according to the co-decision procedure,
and unanimity is required in the Council. The Committee of the Regions
is also consulted.
The objective of Culture 2000 is to promote a common
cultural area characterised by its cultural diversity and shared
It seeks to encourage
cultural creation and mobility, access to culture for all, the dissemination
of art and culture, intercultural dialogue and knowledge of the history
of the European peoples. It also accords culture a social integration
and socio-economic development role.
The European Commission implements the programme with the aid of a management
committee. It selects projects on the basis of the opinions of a
panel of independent experts.
So far, participants from 30 European countries have taken part
in the Culture 2000 programme: the 25 EU Member States (Austria,
Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the United
Kingdom, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania,
Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Cyprus and Malta; the three countries
of the European Economic Area (the EEA - Iceland, Liechtenstein
and Norway) and the following two candidate countries: Bulgaria
and Romania. Memoranda have been signed with each of these countries.
Created to promote artistic and cultural cooperation in Europe and to
move towards a common cultural area, the Culture 2000 programme supports
artistic and cultural projects with a European dimension, at the level
of their creation, their organisation and their implementation. Activities
supported by this programme include festivals, master classes, exhibitions,
new productions, tours, translations and conferences. They are intended
for artists and cultural operators, as well as for a broader audience,
in particular young people and those who are socially or economically
disadvantaged. Most of the projects include a multimedia dimension, in
particular via the creation of Internet sites and discussion forums.
Three main categories were eligible: specific
annual activities, multiannual
activities forming the subject of cooperation agreements and
special cultural events
such as the
European Capitals of Culture.
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