The purpose of market surveillance is to ensure that the provisions of European legislation are enforced across the EU.
For the purposes of enforcing the General Product Safety Directive (GPSD), the Member States must nominate or establish authorities to be responsible for market surveillance. These authorities must have the necessary resources and powers for their surveillance activities.
Surveillance authorities check that products meet the applicable safety requirements, that steps are taken to make products compliant, and that sanctions are applied when necessary.
Customs authorities control the import of products from third countries and need to cooperate with the market surveillance authorities in this respect.