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European Competition Forum 2012

European Competition Forum 2013

Speakers

Joaquín Almunia

Joaquín Almunia was appointed Commissioner for competition and Vice-President of the European Commission in February 2010. Before that, he was Commissioner for economic and monetary affairs between April 2004 and 2010.

Mr Almunia was elected a member of the Spanish Parliament in 1979 and re-elected for the following 25 years, until 2004 when he became European Commissioner. He was member of the Spanish Government from December 1982 until March 1991. In April 1994 he was elected as the parliamentary leader of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from 1994 to 1997, when he was elected leader of the party, a position which he held until 2000.

In 2002 he founded and served as director of the think tank "Laboratorio de Alternativas", and from 1991-1994 he was director of the research program on "Equality and redistribution of income" at the Fundación Argentaria. During this same period he served as Associate Professor at the University of Alcalá de Henares.

Mr Almunia graduated in Law and Economics from the University of Deusto, and completed his studies at the École Pratique des Hautes Études in Paris. He is also an alumnus of the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.

Joaquín Almunia
Mario Monti
Sharon Bowles
Nadia Calviño
John T. Chambers
Marc Grynberg
Jordi Gual
Alexander Italianer
William Kennard
Gert Jan Koopman
Kai-Uwe Kühn
Eduardo Perez Motta
Peter Praet
Xavier Rolet
Lars-Hendrik Röller
Beda Romano
Peter Spiegel
Xavier Vives

     
Mario Monti

Mario Monti has been the Prime Minister of Italy since November 2011. From November 2011 until July 2012 he was also Minister of Economy and Finance. He is Senator-for-life appointed by the Italian President of the Republic, Giorgio Napolitano.

He was for ten years a member of the European Commission, in charge of the Internal market, Financial services and Tax policy (1995- 1999), then of Competition (1999-2004). In addition to a number of high-profile cases, he introduced radical modernization reforms of EU antitrust and merger control and led, with the US authorities, the creation of the International Competition Network (ICN).

He was President of Bocconi University, Milan and European Chairman of the Trilateral Commission and Chairman of Bruegel, the European think-tank launched in 2005.

Mr Monti graduated from Bocconi University and did graduate studies at Yale University. Prior to joining the European Commission, he was Professor of Economics and Rector at Bocconi.

 
   
Sharon Bowles

Sharon Bowles MEP is Chair of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs. She has a scientific and mathematical background having completed her doctorate at Oxford University. She later trained and worked as a Chartered and European Patent Attorney setting up her own practice in 1981. Sharon has been active in politics since the mid-1980s.

She became a member of the European Parliament for UK South East region in May 2005. Sharon has been a full member of the Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee since her arrival as an MEP and was elected as Chairwoman in July 2009.

During the previous mandate, Sharon´s work focused on Payment Services, Solvency II, Capital Requirements, Deposit Guarantees and Level 3 Committee funding, and on the reports on Hedge Funds and Private Equity, and Transparency of Institutional Investors. She was also rapporteur for the report on tax fraud, and for the setting up of the Statistical Governance Advisory Board.

As Chair of ECON, Sharon presides over each Committee meeting, as well as the trilogue negotiations between Parliament, Council and the Commission, and she is currently the ALDE group´s shadow rapporteur on CRD4 (capital requirements), PRIPs (retail investment) and CSDs (central securities depositaries).

 
     
Nadia Calviño

Nadia Calviño has been Deputy Director-General for financial services in the Directorate-General for Internal Market and Services in the European Commission since November 2010. In her current position she oversees the department's work in all areas related to financial markets, banking, insurance, investment funds, audit, accounting, company law and corporate governance. She joined the Commission in September 2006 as Deputy Director-General for Mergers in the Competition DG. In September 2007, her area of responsibility was enlarged to cover antitrust enforcement, including cartels.

A career civil servant in Spain (Técnico Comercial y Economista del Estado), before joining the European Commission she worked in the Ministry for Economy occupying different positions in the areas of foreign trade, macroeconomic forecasting, economic policy and competition. She worked as senior antitrust case handler, Deputy Director-General for Legal Affairs, Deputy Director-General for Mergers and finally, from May 2004, Director- General for Competition.

 
     
John T. Chambers

John T. Chambers is Chairman of the Board and CEO of Cisco Systems, Inc. He has helped grow the company from $70 million when he joined Cisco in January 1991, to $1.2 billion when he assumed the role of CEO, to its current run rate of $46 billion. In 2006 Chambers was named Chairman of the Board, in addition to his CEO role.

Chambers has received numerous awards for his leadership over his past 17 years at the helm of Cisco, including Time Magazine's "100 Most Influential People," one of Barron's' "World's Best CEOs," the "Best Boss in America", BusinessWeek's "Top 25 Executives Worldwide," "CEO of the Year". During his tenure as CEO, Cisco has been named to Fortune's "America's Most Admired Company", BusinessWeek's "Top 50 Performers", Forbes' "Leading Companies in the World," and is one of the top 10 places to work. Chambers has been widely recognized for his and Cisco's philanthropic leadership, and takes an active role in corporate social responsibility initiatives worldwide.

Chambers joined Cisco in 1991 as Senior Vice President, Worldwide Sales and Operations. He assumed the role of President and CEO in 1995. Prior to Cisco, he was with Wang Laboratories and IBM. He holds a bachelor of science/bachelor of arts degree in business, a law degree from West Virginia University and a master of business administration in finance and management from Indiana University.

 
     
Marc Grynberg

Marc Grynberg was appointed Chief Executive Officer of Umicore in November 2008. He was head of the Group's Automotive Catalysts business unit from 2006 to 2008 and served as Umicore's CFO from 2000 to 2006. He joined Umicore in 1996 as Group Controller.

Marc holds a Commercial Engineering degree from the University of Brussels (Ecole de Commerce Solvay) and, prior to joining Umicore, worked for DuPont de Nemours in Brussels and Geneva.

 
     
Jordi Gual

Jordi Gual is Chief Economist and Head of Research at "la Caixa". He is also Professor of Economics at IESE Business School (University of Navarra) and Research Fellow of the Center for Economic Policy Research (CEPR, London). He is currently a member of the International Advisory Council of "la Caixa", the Oxera Economics Council and the board of the European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI).

Between 2002 and 2005, Mr Gual was part of the Economic Advisory Group on Competition Policy of the European Commission. He was also Economic Adviser to the Director-General for Economic and Financial Affairs of the European Commission in Brussels between 1994 and 1996.

He holds a PhD in economics from the University of California at Berkeley, and has been Visiting Professor at this university, the Université Libre de Bruxelles and the Barcelona Graduate School of Economics. He is also a Fulbright Scholar and was the winner of the Grant for Research on European Integration of the European Commission.

His recent work includes European Integration at the Crossroads (Bank of Spain, 2012); Integration of European Banking: The Way Forward, (CEPR, 2005); and Building a Dynamic Europe: The Key Policy Debates, (Cambridge University Press, 2004).

 
     
Alexander Italianer

Alexander Italianer has been Director-General of the European Commission's Directorate-General for Competition since 2010.

He previously held the position of Deputy Secretary General of the European Commission, in charge of the Better Regulation Agenda, and was Chairman of the Impact Assessment Board. Prior to that, Dr Italianer worked in the cabinets of Presidents Barroso and Santer, and Commissioners Verheugen and Telička. He was also Director for International Economic and Financial Affairs between 2002 and 2004.

He holds a graduate degree in econometrics and a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Groningen (the Netherlands), and was a research associate at the Catholic University of Leuven before joining the European Commission in 1985.

 
     
William Kennard

William E. Kennard is the United States' Ambassador to the European Union. Prior to being appointed ambassador, Mr Kennard was a Global Partner and Managing Director of The Carlyle Group, which he joined in May 2001. He served as chairman of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission from November 1997 to January 2001. He also served as the FCC's general counsel from 1993 until 1997.

During his tenure, he shaped policies that created an explosion of new wireless phones, brought the Internet to a majority of American households, and resulted in billions of dollars of investment in new broadband technologies. At the same time, he implemented bold new policies to bridge the digital divide in the United States and around the world. He pioneered an innovative FCC Development Initiative to assist countries in the developing world to participate more fully in the global growth of digital technology. Through this initiative, Mr. Kennard signed the first partnership agreements on behalf of the FCC with ten countries on four continents to share U.S. regulatory experience with emerging regulatory authorities.

Mr Kennard is a graduate of Stanford University and Yale Law School.

 
     
Gert Jan Koopman

Gert Jan Koopman has been Deputy Director-General for State aid at the European Commission's Competition DG since November 2010. Prior to this, he was Director for Policy Strategy and Co-ordination and for the Economic Service and Structural Reform Directorate at the Economic and Financial Affairs DG, from May 2008. He led the work on the structural reform agenda and provided economic advice to all Commission services. He was also a member of the Commission's Impact Assessment Board.

Mr Koopman was Director for Industrial policy and economic reforms in the Enterprise and Industry DG from January 2005. From 1995 to 2004, he advised Commissioner Neil Kinnock, initially as a Member of his Cabinet with responsibility for Transport, and later as Head of Cabinet.

He studied Economics and Latin and Greek at the University of Amsterdam and worked as a researcher and policy adviser for the University of Utrecht and the CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis before joining the European Commission's Economic and Financial Affairs DG in 1991.

 
     
Kai-Uwe Kühn

Kai-Uwe Kühn is the Chief Competition Economist at the European Commission. He provides independent guidance on methodological issues of economics and econometrics in the application of EU competition rules. He contributes to individual competition cases, to the development of general policy instruments, and assists with cases pending before the European Union Courts. The Chief Economist also coordinates the activities of the Economic Advisory Group on Competition Policy (EAGCP).

He is on leave from the University of Michigan where he is an Associate Professor. Professor Kühn has previously taught at Princeton University, the Institute of Economic Analysis (CSIC) in Barcelona, and the Centro de Estudios Monetarios y Financieros (CEMFI), Madrid.

 
     
Eduardo Peréz Motta

Eduardo Pérez Motta was appointed Chairman of the Mexican Federal Competition Commission (CFC) in September 2004.

In April 2012, he was designated Chairman of the International Competition Network (ICN), which brings together 127 competition agencies with the aim of addressing common antitrust and enforcement issues. Mr Perez Motta also served as the ICN's Vice Chair for International Coordination for more than two years. From 2001-2004, he was Mexico's Ambassador to the World Trade Organization (WTO).

From 1998 to 2000, he acted as head of the Ministry of Trade and Industrial Development´s (SECOFI) Representation Office in Brussels, and coordinated the Mexican team during the negotiation of the Free Trade Agreement between Mexico and the EU.

He holds a bachelor's degree in economics from the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM), and a master in economics from the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). Mr Perez Motta has taught microeconomics, international trade and competition policy at ITAM, El Colegio de México and Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, and is a member of the editorial board of Competition Policy International (CPI).

 
     
Peter Praet

Peter Praet is a Member of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank, having joined in 2011. He is responsible for Economics, Human Resources, Budget and Organisation and Statistics.

Before joining the ECB, Peter Praet was Executive Director of the National Bank of Belgium (2000-2011), where he was responsible for International Cooperation, Financial Stability and Oversight of Financial Infrastructures and Payments Systems. Between 2002 and 2011, he was also a Member of the Management Committee of the Belgian Banking, Finance and Insurance Commission (CBFA). He served as Head of Cabinet for the Belgian Minister of Finance from 1999-2000, as Chief Economist of Générale de Banque and Fortis Bank from 1988-1999, as Professor of Economics at the Université Libre de Bruxelles from 1980-1987, and as Economist at the International Monetary Fund from 1978-1980.

Peter Praet served on several high-level international committees, including the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, the Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems, the Committee on the Global Financial System, and the European Banking Authority. He was First Alternate of the Board of Directors of the Bank for International Settlements from 2000-2011. He earned a Ph.D. in Economics from the Université Libre de Bruxelles in 1980.

 
     
Xavier Rolet

Xavier Rolet is the Chief Executive of the London Stock Exchange Group, appointed to the Board in March 2009 and appointed Chief Executive on 20 May 2009. Prior to this, Xavier was CEO of Lehman Brothers in France from July 2007 to 7 January 2009. He became a member of Lehman Brothers' European Operating Committee in 2003, having joined the firm in February 2000 in New York as co-head of Global Equity Trading.

Xavier started his career on the International Arbitrage desk at Goldman Sachs & Co. in New York in January 1984. In 1990, he moved to London as co-head of European Equity Sales and Trading. He joined Credit Suisse First Boston in 1994 as global head of European Equities before moving to Dresdner Kleinwort Benson as global head of Risk and Trading, and deputy head of Global Equities in 1997.

Xavier is a member of ESMA's Securities and Markets Stakeholders Group and a former member of the European Commission's Securities Markets Expert Group. He is a member of the Board of Overseers of Columbia Business School and an Honorary Fellow of the Chartered Institute for Securities and Investments, FSCI(Hon). He holds an MBA from Columbia Business School and is also a graduate of I.H.E.D.N. in Paris.

 
     
Lars-Hendrik Röller

Lars-Hendrik Röller is the Economic Advisor to Chancellor Merkel as well as G8 and G20 Sherpa. Previous positions include President of ESMT, Chief Competition Economist of the European Commission, Director at the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin, Professor at Humboldt University and Professor at INSEAD, Fountainebleau.

He is also a former President of the German Economic Association and the European Association for Research in Industrial Economics (EARIE). Mr Röller holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania, a Master of Arts in economics and a Master of Science in Artificial Intelligence both from the University of Pennsylvania, and a Bachelor of Science in Computer Science from Texas A&M University.

 
     
Beda Romano

Beda Romano is the Brussels-based EU Affairs correspondent of the Italian daily Il Sole/24 Ore. Previously, he was the newspaper's Germany correspondent for many years. Before joining Il Sole/24 Ore, he was a reporter and a bureau chief for the newswire Knight- Ridder in Milan and in Paris. He received a law degree from the University of Milan, an MA in social sciences from the University of Chicago and a DEA in comparative politics from Sciences Po in Paris. Over the years, he has written for several American and European publications (USA Today, Le Point, Challenges). He is the author of four books, including a long conversation on the current financial crisis with Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa (La veduta corta - French edition: Contre la courte vue).

 
     
Peter Spiegel

Peter Spiegel is the Brussels bureau chief for the Financial Times, overseeing the London-based newspaper's coverage of the European economic crisis and Europe's role in global affairs. In 2012, Peter and his team received the annual Society of American Business Writers and Editors award for their coverage of the eurozone debt crisis.

Peter returned to the FT in August 2010 after spending nearly five years in Washington covering national security and foreign affairs for the Los Angeles Times and the Wall Street Journal. In both jobs, Peter had a special focus on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, traveling frequently overseas, including multiple visits to both war zones.

While at the Los Angeles Times, he was co-winner of the newspaper's top internal journalism award, the 2008 Editor's Prize, for his coverage of the Bush administration's surge in Iraq. Peter holds a master's degree in European politics and policy from the London School of Economics and a bachelor's in history from the University of Pennsylvania.

 
     
Xavier Vives

Xavier Vives is professor of Economics and Finance and academic director of the Public-Private Research Center at IESE Business School. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from UC Berkeley.

He is a member of the Economic Advisory Group on Competition Policy at the European Commission, and research Fellow of ECGI, CESifo and of the Center for Economic Policy Research, where he served as Director of the Industrial Organization Program in 1991- 1997. He was been a fellow of the Econometric Society since 1992, and of the European Economic Association since 2004. In 2009 he was awarded a European Research Council Advanced Grant and in 2011 he was appointed Special Advisor to the Vice-President of the European Commission and Commissioner for Competition, Joaquín Almunia. He has taught at Harvard University, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Pennsylvania, and New York University.

His fields of interest are industrial organization and regulation, the economics of information, and banking and financial economics. He has published in the main international journals and is the author of several books. Editor of the Journal of the European Economic Association in 1998-2008, he is currently co-editor of the Journal of Economics and Management Strategy.