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State aid to airports and airlines

Consultation on the draft Guidelines on State aid to airports and airlines

Policy field

Competition: State aid

Target group

Institutions, public authorities, citizens, companies and organisations are welcome to contribute to this consultation. Contributions are particularly sought from public authorities (Member States, Regions, Cities and Municipalities) financing airports and providing start-up aid for the development of new routes and the aviation industry (in particular airport operators, airlines, ground handling companies).

Period of consultation

From 03.07.2013 to 25.09.2013

Objective of the consultation

The purpose of the present consultation is to invite Member States, other institutions and stakeholders to provide feedback on the revised draft guidelines on State aid to airports and airlines. These revised draft guidelines take stock of the new legal and economic situation concerning the public financing of airports and airlines and specify under which conditions such public financing constitute or not State aid under the meaning of Article 107 (1) of the Treaty, and when it constitutes State aid, under which conditions it can be declared compatible with the internal market. The Commission's assessment is based on its experience and decision practice, as well as on its analysis of current market conditions in the airport and aviation sectors.

The Commission proposes a balanced approach, which is neutral vis-à-vis the various business models of airports and airlines, and takes into account the growth prospects of air traffic, the need for regional development and accessibility and the positive role of the Low Cost Carrier model for the development of some regional airports. Against this backdrop the present draft guidelines introduce a new approach to the assessment of compatibility of aid to airports and airlines:

  • Whereas the 2005 Aviation guidelines left open the issue of investment aid, these revised Guidelines define maximum permissible aid intensities depending on the size of the airport.
  • For a transitional period of up to 10 years, operating aid to regional airports can be declared compatible.
  • The compatibility conditions for start-up aid to airlines during the transitional period have been streamlined and adapted to recent market developments.

How to submit your contribution

  • You are invited to submit your comments to the revised draft guidelines hereunder in any official EU language. Given the possible delays in translating comments submitted in certain languages, translations of the replies into one of the Commission's working languages (preferably English) would be welcome to enable the Commission to process them more swiftly.
  • In your reply, please indicate whether you are replying as citizen, organisation or public authority. If your organisation is registered in the Transparency Register, please indicate your Register ID number. If your organisation is not registered, you can register now. Responses from organisations not registered will be published separately.
  • Contributions will be published on this webpage. Submissions that are clearly marked "confidential" will be treated as such and not published. In that case please also provide a non-confidential version of your reply. It is important to read the privacy statement attached to this consultation for information on how your personal data and contribution will be dealt with.

View the consultation document

These are non-official translations. In case of doubt, the English version prevails.

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bg cs da de el en es et fi fr hu it lt lv mt nl pl pt ro sk sl sv (ODT)
bg cs da de el en es et fi fr hu it lt lv mt nl pl pt ro sk sl sv (PDF)

Press release: State aid: Commission consults on new state aid rules for airports and airlines
Frequently asked questions

Reference documents and other, related consultations

Contact details

Responsible service: Directorate-General for Competition – Unit for State aids in the Transport sector
E-mail address:
Ref.: "HT.2635"

Postal address:
European Commission
Directorate-General for Competition
State aid Registry
Ref.: "HT 2635"
1049 Bruxelles/Brussel

Replies to the consultation

Member States
  • Bulgaria bg
  • Czech Republic cs
  • Estonia en
  • Finland fi
  • France fr
  • Germany de
  • Hungary en
  • Ireland en
  • Italy it
  • Latvia lv
  • Lithuania lt
  • Luxembourg fr
  • Netherlands nl
  • Poland pl
  • Romania ro
  • Slovenia en
  • Spain es
  • Sweden en
  • United Kingdom en
Public authorities
  • Åland Region sv
  • Anglesey County Council en
  • Bundesrat de
  • Bundesvereinigung der kommunalen Spitzenverbände de
  • Comhairle nan Eilean Siar (local authority for the Outer Hebrides) en
  • Conference of Italian Regions it
  • Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions of Europe en
  • Conférence des Présidents des Régions ultrapériphériques fr
  • Consiglio Regionale Abruzzo it
  • Cornwall Council en
  • Council of European Municipalities and Regions en
  • Gobierno de Canarias es
  • Hedmark no
  • Industrie- und Handelskammer zu Dortmund de
  • Kreisverwaltung Bernkastel Wittlich de
  • Landrat des Rhein-Hunsrück Kreises de - annex de
  • Liverpool City Region en
  • Lubuskie pl
  • Mayor of London en
  • Nestrans en
  • Pembrokeshire County Council en
  • Région Languedoc Roussillon fr
  • Région Provence Alpes Côte d'Azur fr
  • Rheinland - Pfalz de
  • Scottish Government en
  • Tampere Region fi
  • Thüringer Ministerium für Bau, Landesentwicklung und Verkehr de
  • Vlaamse Overheid nl
  • Wallonie fr
  • Welsh Government en
Registered organisations
  • Airports Council Europe en - annex en
  • Assembly of European Regions en
  • Association of European Airlines en
  • Association of European Airlines - Transport & Environment en
  • Aviation Environment Federation en
  • Bundesarbeitskammer Österreich de
  • Bundesverband der Deutschen Fluggesellschaften de
  • Deutscher Industrie- und Handelskammertag de
  • Dublin Airport Authority en
  • Europaforum Northern Sweden en
  • European Low Fares Airline Association en
  • European Business Aviation Association en
  • European Regions Airline Association en
  • European Regional Aerodromes Community en
  • Fédération Nationale de l'Aviation Marchande fr
  • Flughafenverband ADV de
  • International Air Carrier Association en
  • International Air Transport Association en
  • International Airlines Group en 
  • Lufthansa en - annex en
  • München Flughafen de
  • Ryanair en
  • Scottish Council for Development & Industry en
  • Umweltbundesamt de
  • Union des aéroports français fr
  • Unioncamere it
  • Verband der öffentlichen Wirtschaft und Gemeinwirtschaft Österreichs en
  • Vereinigung der Dienstleister an Deutschen Flughäfen en
  • Verkehrsclub Deutschland de
  • Wirtschaftskammer Österreich de
Non-registered organisations
  • Aberdeen Airport en
  • Aéroport de Bordeaux fr
  • Aéroport de Pau fr
  • Actie Noordrand en
  • ANCI it
  • Antifluglärmgemeinschaft, Wien de
  • Association de Défense de l'Environnement des Riverains de l'Aéroport de Beauvais-Tillé fr
  • BARIG - Board of Airline Representatives in Germany de
  • Bilbao Air es
  • Bristol Airport en
  • Brussels Airlines en
  • Brussels Airport Company en
  • Bundesvereinigung gegen Fluglärm de
  • Bürgerinitiative Fluglärm de
  • CODA Operations Ltd en
  • Comité Español de representantes de personas con discapacidad en
  • Committee of the Regions of the EU en
  • Convention of Scottish Local Authorities en
  • Edinburgh Airport en
  • Erfurt Flughafen de
  • Fédération Inter-Environnement Wallonie fr
  • Heathrow Association for the Control of Aircraft Noise en
  • Highlands & Islands European Partnership en
  • Highlands and Islands Airports en
  • Highlands and Islands Transport Partnership en
  • Initiative Fluglärm Kelkheim de
  • Initiative Fluglärm Liederbach de
  • Initiative Fluglärm Mainz-Rheinhessen de
  • Karlstad Airport en
  • Kerry Airport en
  • Kreis Paderborn de
  • Liège Airport en
  • Milieudefensie en
  • Norton Rose Fulbright LLP en
  • Norwegian Association against Noise en
  • Pavia e Ansaldo en
  • Regional Transport Partnerships for Scotland en
  • Regionalrat Wirtschaft Rhein-Hunsrück de
  • SAS sv
  • Schutzgemeinschaft gegen Fluglärm Lübeck und Umgebung de
  • Skellefteå City Airport en
  • Skellefteå Kommun sv
  • Swedavia en
  • Transform Scotland en
  • Welsh Local Government Association en
Individual contributions
  • Birgit Collin-Langen, Christa Klaß, Werner Langen, MEP de
  • Jill Evans, MEP en
  • Swedish S&D-delegation in the European Parliament en
  • Keith Taylor, MEP en
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