Important legal notice
en
Contact |  Search  


International Competition Network

Article 65 of the ECSC Treaty


1, 2, 3

  1. All agreements between undertakings, decisions by associations of undertakings and concerted practices tending directly or indirectly to prevent, restrict or distort normal competition within the common market shall be prohibited, and in particular those tending:

    (a) to fix or determine prices;

    (b) to restrict or control production, technical development or investment;

    (c) to share markets, products, customers or sources of supply.

  2. However, the High Authority shall authorize specialization agreements or jointbuying or jointselling agreements in respect of particular products, if it finds that:

    (a) such specialization or such jointbuying or selling will make for a substantial improvement in the production or distribution of those products;

    (b) the agreement in question is essential in order to achieve these results and is not more restrictive than is necessary for that purpose; and

    (c) the agreement is not liable to give the undertakings concerned the power to determine the prices, or to control or restrict the production or marketing, of a substantial part of the products in question within the common market, or to shield them against effective competition from other undertakings within the common market.

    If the High Authority finds that certain agreements are strictly analogous in nature and effect to those referred to above, having particular regard to the fact that this paragraph applies to distributive undertakings, it shall authorize them also when satisfied that they meet the same requirements.

    Authorizations may be granted subject to specified conditions and for limited periods. In such cases the High Authority shall renew an authorization once or several times if it finds that the requirements of subparagraphs (a) to (c) are still met at the time of renewal.

    The High Authority shall revoke or amend an authorization if it finds that as a result of a change in circumstances the agreement no longer meets these requirements, or that the actual results of the agreement or of the application thereof are contrary to the requirements for its authorization.

    Decisions granting, renewing, amending, refusing or revoking an authorization shall be published together with the reasons therefor; the restrictions imposed by the second paragraph of Article 47 shall not apply thereto.

  3. The High Authority may, as provided in Article 47, obtain any information needed for the application of this Article, either by making a special request to the parties concerned or by means of regulations stating the kinds of agreement, decision or practice which must be communicated to it.

  4. Any agreement or decision prohibited by paragraph 1 of this Article shall be automatically void and may not be relied upon before any court or tribunal in the Member States.

    The High Authority shall have sole jurisdiction, subject to the right to bring actions before the Court, to rule whether any such agreement or decision is compatible with this Article.

  5. On any undertaking which has entered into an agreement which is automatically void, or has enforced or attempted to enforce, by arbitration, penalty, boycott or any other means, an agreement or decision which is automatically void or an agreement for which authorization has been refused or revoked, or has obtained an authorization by means of information which it knew to be false or misleading, or has engaged in practices prohibited by para

    graph 1 of this Article, the High Authority may impose fines or periodic penalty payments not exceeding twice the turnover on the products which were the subject of the agreement, decision or practice prohibited by this Article; if, however, the purpose of the agreement, decision or practice is to restrict production, technical development or investment, this maximum may be raised to 10% of the annual turnover of the undertakings in question in the case of fines, and 20% of the daily turnover in the case of periodic penalty payments.


1. Documents concerning the accession

Article 156

Agreements, decisions and concerted practices in existence at the time of accession which come within the scope of Article 65 of the ECSC Treaty by reason of accession must be notified to the Commission within three months of accession. Only agreements and decisions which have been notified shall remain provisionally in force until a decision has been taken by the Commission.

(OJ L 73, 27.3.1972, p. 45).


2. Documents concerning the accession of the Hellenic Republic

Article 148

Agreements, decisions and concerted practices in existence at the time of the accession of the Hellenic Republic which come within the scope of Article 65 of the ECSC Treaty by reason of this accession must be notified to the Commission within three months of accession. Only agreements and decisions which have been notified shall remain provisionally in force until a decision has been taken by the Commission.

(OJ L 291, 19.11.1979, p. 50).


3. Documents concerning the accession of the Kingdom of Spain and the Portuguese Republic

Article 398

Agreements, decisions and concerted practices in existence at the time of accession which come within the scope of Article 65 of the ECSC Treaty by reason of the accession must be notified to the Commission within three months of accession. Only agreements and decisions which have been notified shall remain provisionally in force until a decision has been taken by the Commission.

(OJ L 302, 15.11.1985, p. 138).

Antitrust - Other documents ]  -  [ Antitrust cases ]  -  [ Europa/Competition/Competition rules applying to undertakings ]  -  [ Published in the Official Journal on Antitrust ]