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Competition policy


Personal details

  • Spanish
  • Born June 17, 1948 in Bilbao, Spain
  • Married
  • Two children

Current duties

  • Since February 2010: Commissioner for competition

Political career

  • Since April 2004: Member of the European Commission (April 2004- February 2010: Commissioner for economic and monetary affairs)
  • 2000 elections: Socialist candidate for Prime Minister
  • 1997-2000, Leader of the PSOE
  • 1994-1997, Spokesperson of the Socialist Parliamentary Group
  • 1986- 1991, Minister of Public Administration
  • 1982-1986, Minister of Employment and Social Security
  • 1979-2004, Member of the Spanish Parliament
  • Member of the Federal Committee of the PSOE

Professional career

  • Founder (2002) and Director of the progressive think tank "Laboratorio de Alternativas"
  • Director of the research program on "Equality and redistribution of income" at the Fundación Argentaria (1991-1994)


  • 1991-1994: Associate Lecturer at the University of Alcalá de Henares (Madrid) on Employment and Social Security Law
  • 1991: "Senior managers in Government" program at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
  • 1970-1971: Follow-up studies at L’École Pratique des Hautes Études de Paris
  • Graduated in Law (1965-1972) and Economics (1965-1971) at the University of Deusto (Bilbao)


  • Spanish: mother tongue
  • English and French: thorough knowledge
  • Italian and Portuguese: basic knowledge