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CO2 labelling of cars

To help drivers choose new cars with low fuel consumption, EU Member States are required to ensure that relevant information is provided to consumers, including a label showing a car's fuel efficiency and CO2 emissions.

The 'car labelling Directive' (Directive 1999/94/EC)pdf(121 kB) Choose translations of the previous link  aims to raise consumer awareness on fuel use and CO2 emission of new passenger cars. By doing so consumers should be incentivised to purchase or lease cars which use less fuel and thereby emit less CO2. In turn it should provide an additional incentive to encourage manufacturers to take steps to reduce the fuel consumptionof new cars. The 'car labelling Directive' as demand-side policy is considered an important complementary measure to help car manufacturers to meet their specific CO2 emission targets as set under Regulation (EC) 443/2009 .

© European Commission

Specifically, the 'car labelling Directive' requires:

  • A label showing fuel economy and CO2 emissions to be attached to all new cars or displayed nearby at the point of sale;
  • A poster or display to be exhibited showing prominently the official fuel consumption and CO2 emissions data of all new car models displayed or offered for sale or lease at or through the respective point of sale;
  • A guide on fuel economy and CO2 emissions from new cars to be produced in consultation with manufacturers at least annually. The guide should be available free of charge at the point of sale and from a designated body within each Member State;
  • All promotional literature to contain the official fuel consumption and specific CO2 emissions data for the passenger car model to which it refers.

Annexes to the directive set out minimum requirements that each of these consumer information items must meet.

In spring 2015 the Commission has launched an evaluation of the current EU legislation on CO2 labelling of cars. This evaluation shall examine the actual implementation and the achievement of the car labelling Directive compared to what was expected. It will provide conclusions on how the Directive has performed, what experience has been gained and what lessons can be learned. The analysis will cover the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, coherence and EU value added of the legislation. It will provide indications of the degree to which the legislation is still considered to be fit for purpose. The evaluation should help the Commission to:

  • Have a better understanding of where, and why, the current EU legislation has worked well or not so well, identifying factors which have helped or hampered achievement of the objectives.
  • Quantify and qualify the impact of the legislation, particularly in terms of progress towards achieving its objectives.

The evaluation will gather evidence on the basis of a wide-ranging consultation strategy including a 12 week open public consultation.

More details on the evaluation and the specific questions can be found in the evaluation roadmappdf(88 kB) Choose translations of the previous link  .