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Monitoring, Reporting and Verification for Aviation

Aircraft operators covered by the EU's Emissions Trading System are required to monitor and report their annual emissions in accordance with the 2012 Monitoring and Reporting Regulation. Reported emissions are also affected by obligations under the 2012 Accreditation and Verification Regulation.

Greenhouse Gas Reporting Puzzle 2 © Hemera

Templates for monitoring and reporting

In line with the Monitoring and Reporting Regulation, the European Commission has published several templates for submission of monitoring plans and reporting by aircraft operators in Member States of the European Economic Area (EEA). The EEA comprises the 28 EU Member States plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.

The competent authority in the administering Member State may have published customised versions of these templates. 

Small emitters' tool

Small emitters can use a simplified monitoring tool developed by Eurocontrol to determine their fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. This is based on statistical information that relates fuel consumption to the distance flown.

Guidelines on the interpretation of aviation activities

The Commission has issued guidelines on the detailed interpretation of the aviation activities listed in Annex I of the Directive 2008/101/EC.

EU ETS Verification Guidance for aviation

The EU ETS Verification Guidance for aviation explains the basic steps that a verifier should follow in the verification process, and elaborates on how a verifier should assess and deal with some aviation-specific monitoring and reporting issues.

Special attention is paid to the verification of reports of small non-commercial aircraft operators that are applying the Eurocontrol small emitters’ tool.

Other guidance documents

Several national authorities have published other guidance documents to help aircraft operators meet the EU ETS compliance requirements. These supporting documents are just for information and not legally binding.

  • The German Emissions Trading Authority and others have developed example monitoring plans for annual emissions and tonne-kilometre monitoring and examples of the most relevant data flow charts.
  • The Netherlands and the United Kingdom have published a guidance document to help aircraft operators compile their monitoring plans.
  • The Aviation Implementation Task Force, set up by the Dutch Emissions Authority, has published several supporting documents.