Implementation of the CCS Directive
The European Commission has taken several initiatives to ensure the coherent implementation of the CCS Directive throughout the EU. These include reporting on the implementation, facilitating exchanges between the competent authorities, publishing guidance documents, and adopting Commission Opinions on draft storage permits.
Report on the implementation of the CCS Directive
The CCS Directive requires Member States to submit to the Commission a report on the implementation of the Directive. These reports, which were delivered to the Commission between July 2011 and April 2013, fed into the first implementation report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council.
The report covers implementation of all key provisions of the CCS Directive, as well as state of transposition of the CCS Directive and Commission actions to improve implementation. The report was adopted in February 2014.
Information Exchange Group
An Information Exchange Group has been established to organise an exchange of information between the competent authorities of the Member States and to promote a coherent implementation of the CCS Directive throughout the EU.
In March 2011 four guidance documents were published with a view to providing an overall methodological approach to implementation of the key provisions of the CCS Directive. These documents should help ensure environmentally safe geological storage of CO2 across the EU Member States.
The guidance documents, mainly addressed to the competent authorities and to relevant stakeholders, elaborate on key provisions of the CCS Directive. The first guidance document outlines a CO2 storage life cycle risk management framework.The other three address in more detail issues such as the characterisation of the storage complex, CO2 stream composition, monitoring and corrective measures, the criteria for transfer of responsibility to the Member State, and financial security.
These documents have been discussed with experts from Member States and key stakeholders, including industry, research community and NGOs.
Opinions on draft storage permits
The CCS Directive requires the Member States to make CO2 storage permit applications available to the Commission within one month of receiving them. Member States have to provide the Commission with draft storage permits and any other related material that the competent authority has taken into consideration to decide on the award of a permit.
The Commission may provide a non-binding Opinion on the draft storage permit within four months of its receipt. The first such Opinion was adopted in February 2012 on the draft permit for the permanent storage of CO2 offshore on the Dutch continental shelf.
In January 2016, the Commission adopted an Opinion on a draft storage permit for the permanent storage of carbon dioxide in the depleted Goldeneye gas condensate field on the United Kingdom Continental Shelf.
For more information on the CCS Directive and its implementation, please contact CLIMA-CCS-DIRECTIVE@ec.europa.eu.