International action up to 2020
The world needs to step up global action to cut greenhouse gas emissions before 2020 when the Paris Agreement is due to enter into force.
Until 2020, the regime for international climate action will comprise the following elements, in addition to the existing rules of the UNFCCC.
Emissions reduction pledges
Over 100 countries (developed and developing) have made voluntary emissions reduction pledges for 2020.
The EU wants countries that have not yet made emission pledges for 2020 to do so as soon as possible. More transparency on the implementation of existing pledges is also needed.
International climate finance helps developing countries fight climate change and prepare for and adapt to its consequences.
Kyoto 2nd period
38 developed countries, including the EU and its member countries, have taken on binding commitments to further cut emissions during the Kyoto Protocol's 2nd commitment period (2013-20).
Countries, cities and regions, businesses and civil society members across the world are already taking action for the climate.
The Lima-Paris Action Agenda launched in the run-up to the Paris climate conference demonstrated the groundswell of cooperative action already underway and opportunities to catalyse further efforts before 2020.