Second European Climate Change Programme
Launched in October 2005 at a major stakeholder conference in Brussels, the Second European Climate Change Programme (ECCP II) has explored further cost-effective options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in synergy with the EU’s Lisbon strategy’ for increasing economic growth and job creation. New working groups have been established, covering carbon capture and geological storage, CO2 emissions from light-duty vehicles, emissions from aviation, and adaptation to the effects of climate change.
The first task of the second phase of the ECCP was to facilitate and support the actual implementation of the priorities identified in the first phase. The ECCP Steering Committee has followed up on progress made so far through the ECCP. Some of the measures have already been completed by the Commission, for example:
- The proposal for an EU framework for emissions trading
- A Communication and proposal for a Directive on the promotion of biofuels
- A proposal for a Directive to promote combined heat and power (CHP) biofuels
- A Communication regarding vehicle taxation
Several working groups
The ECCP II consists of several working groups:
- ECCP I review (with 5 subgroups: transport, energy supply, energy demand, non-CO2 gases, agriculture)
- CO2 and cars
- Carbon capture and storage
- Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from ships
Additional measures have thus been investigated (Flexible Mechanisms, Agriculture, Sinks-Sub group on Agricultural Soils, Forest-Related Sinks).
A number of specific actions, identified under the first phase of the ECCP, that needed further study in terms of emission reduction potential and cost-effectiveness, have also been developed (e.g. the E2MAS energy audit and management scheme and the Motor Challenge Initiative).
With regard to renewables, the second phase of the ECCP has focused on the promotion of renewables in heating applications ("RES-H"). The Commission has analysed the potential for increased uptake and the ways in which both existing (such as the Directive on energy performance of buildings) and new measures can contribute to the promotion of RES-H.