The European Commission has closed infringement procedures against Cyprus, Hungary and Ireland. In November 2013, the Commission asked these Member States to comply with the Directive on the geological storage of CO2 (CCS Directive). These three Member States have now notified the European Commission that they have taken measures to incorporate the CCS Directive into national law.
The CCS Directive establishes a legal framework for the environmentally safe geological storage of CO2 to contribute to mitigating climate change. It aims to ensure that there is no significant risk of leakage of CO2 or damage to health or the environment, and to prevent any adverse effects on the security of the transport network or storage sites. The Directive lays down requirements covering the entire lifetime of a storage site, including the first decades after its closure.