In Hungary, the administration of justice is provided by the Supreme Court (www.lb.hu/english/index.html), the high courts of justice (High Court of Justice of the Capital, High Court of Justice of Szeged, High Court of Justice of Debrecen, High Court of Justice of Pécs, High Court of Justice of Győr), the Municipal Court of Budapest and the county courts (a total of 20), as well as local (111) and labour courts. The labour courts are tribunals dealing with special cases, and there is one in each of the 19 counties and in the Capital (Budapest). In the Hungarian judicial system, the jurisdictions of the courts of first instance and the courts of appeal of second instance are controlled within the state’s public administration system by principal rule.
The council of first instance of county courts obviously differs from the composition of councils acting in appellate procedures.
Review : The Supreme Court acts in proceedings initiated on the basis of a motion for review submitted against a final judgment. The Supreme Court may modify and void the appealed decision. Its seat is in Budapest.
The court of first instance usually consists of one professional judge, but the law may specify lawsuits where the court is made up of one professional judge and two associate judges. The associate judges are appointed by representatives of the local government. In the proceedings, the associate judges have the same rights and obligations as the professional judge.
The court councils of second instance (Municipal Court of Budapest, county courts and high courts of justice) consist of three professional judges.
In the course of judicial review, the Supreme Court makes decisions with three professional judges.
If you would like to present a petition to a Hungarian court, you have to send it to the court of first instance competent at the defendant’s domicile.
Please visit the website www.birosag.hu/engine.aspx?page=Birosag_english, where you can find all Hungarian courts. Please use the search function under www.birosag.hu/illetekesseg , and after entering the name of the settlement the system will inform you of the availability of the courts having a general competence. Should you need information on the addresses of district courts of Budapest, please visit the website www.fovarosi.birosag.hu/angol/index_en.htm
Judicial review Supreme Court
courts of second instance 19 county courts 5 high courts
courts of appeal + Municipal Court of Budapest of justice
courts of first instance 111 local courts 20 labour courts 19 county courts
courts of original jurisdiction + Municipal Court of Budapest*Top
Last update: 13-07-2006