Compensation to crime victims - International law
Initiatives from the Council of Europe and the United Nations
European Convention on the compensation of victims of violent crimes
was drawn up by the Council of Europe in 1983. It contains a minimum standard for compensation to crime victims from the state. The Convention has been ratified by seventeen Member States (Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia - entry into force 1/7/2009-, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom).
Recommendation on the position of victims in the framework of criminal law and procedure
(PDF File 205 KB) was adopted by the Council of Europe in 1985. It contains a number of guidelines and recommendations related to, among other things, the possibility for the victim to obtain compensation from the offender.
United Nations Declaration of basic principles of justice for victims of crime and abuse of power
was adopted 1985 and recommends measures to be taken on behalf of victims of crime at the international, regional, and national levels to improve access to justice and fair treatment, restitution, compensation, and assistance.
- European Convention on the compensation of victims of violent crimes
- Protocol No. 7 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Council of Europe)
- Recommendation (PDF File 205 KB) no. r (85) 11 of the committee of ministers to member states on the position of the victim in the framework of criminal law and procedure (Council of Europe)
- Declaration of basic principles of justice for victims of crime and abuse of power (General Assembly - United Nations)
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