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Legislative framework for the European citizens' initiative

Treaty provision

The citizens' initiative right is set out in Article 11(4) of the Treaty on European Union.

Secondary legislation

The procedures and conditions for the citizens' initiative are set out in a Regulation adopted by the European Parliament and the Council on 16 February 2011 (the "Regulation on the citizens’ initiative"):

Regulation (EU) No 211/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 on the citizens' initiative (Consolidated version 01/07/2014)

Please note that in case of a modification of Annex I and Annex III of the Regulation, the previous versions of the Annexes may remain applicable for the initiatives registered prior to the entry into force of the new versions.

Annex I provides the minimum number of signatories per member state to be reached in at least 7 member states.

Annex III provides the models for the statement of support forms.

Other legal acts relating to the European citizens initiative

Reports on the European citizens' initiative

According to Article 22 of the Regulation on the citizens' initiative, by 1 April 2015 and every three years thereafter, the Commission has to present a report on the application of the Regulation.

History of the European citizens' initiative

If you are interested further in the history of the European citizens' initiative, and in the process which led to the adoption of the Regulation on the citizens initiative, visit the archived pages on the file.

Citizens' initiative committee

The citizens' initiative committee is established by Article 20 of the Regulation on the citizens initiative in order to assist the Commission in the implementation of the Regulation as regards technical specifications for online collection systems.

For information on the meetings of the committee and draft measures discussed by the committee, go to the Commission Comitology Register.

Expert group on the European citizens' initiative

This expert group, which is composed of member states authorities, has been set up by the Commission in order to exchange views and facilitate the coordination amongst member states in relation to the implementation of the Regulation on the citizens' initiative.

Meeting date Agenda Meeting documents Summary record
22/11/2016 ECI expert group meeting 22-11-2016 - draft agenda Presentation - Data Requirements Study
Presentation - IT Developments
Presentation - Technical Specifications Presentation - Use of eID Study
Summary report meeting November 2016
19/01/2016 ECI expert group meeting 19-01-2016 - draft agenda Proposals for ECI improvements
Summary report meeting January 2016
15/06/2015 ECI expert group meeting 15-06-2014 - draft agenda Presentation - report
Presentation - study
Final Study
Summary report meeting June 2015
02/12/2014 ECI expert group meeting 02-12-2014 - draft agenda Summary report meeting December 2014
12/06/2014 ECI expert group meeting 12-06-2014 - draft agenda Summary report meeting June 2014
17/09/2013 ECI expert group meeting 17-09-13 - draft agenda Summary report meeting September 2013
04/03/2013 ECI expert group meeting 04-03-13 - draft agenda Guidelines and recommendations Summary report meeting March 2013
02/10/2012 ECI expert group meeting 02-10-12 - draft agenda Summary report meeting October 2012
12/03/2012 ECI expert group meeting 12-03-12 - draft agenda Summary report meeting March 2012
17/01/2012 ECI expert group meeting 17-01-12 - draft agenda Summary report meeting January 2012