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Programmes

EU policies are implemented through a wide range of programmes and funds which provide financial support to hundreds of thousands of beneficiaries such as farmers, students, scientists, NGOs, businesses, towns, regions and many others. The programmes of the 2014-2020 multiannual financial framework, the amounts allocated to each of them and their legal bases (when adopted) are listed below.

 

Please note that the figures are provisional until formal adoption of the programmes.

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Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund

Heading: Security and citizenship
Total amount: € 3 137,42 million (current prices)

Aims: the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund focuses on people flows and the integrated management of migration. The fund supports actions addressing all aspects of migration, including asylum, legal migration, integration and the return of irregularly staying non-EU nationals.

Legal bases:

  • Regulation (EU) No 516/2014 establishing the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund
  • Regulation (EU) No 514/2014 laying down general provisions on the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund and on the instrument for financial support for police cooperation, preventing and combating crime, and crisis management
  • More information: Home Affairs website

    Civil Protection Mechanism

    Heading: Security and citizenship
    Total amount: € 223,78 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Civil Protection Mechanism coordinates the EU's response to natural and man-made disasters within and outside the Union.

    Legal basis: Decision No 1313/2013/EU on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism

    More information: Humanitarian aid and Civil protection website

    Cohesion fund

    Heading: Economic, social and territorial cohesion
    Total amount: € 74 928,36 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Cohesion fund aims at reducing economic and social shortfall, as well as stabilising the economy of Member States whose Gross domestic product (GDP) per inhabitant is less than 90 % of the EU average.

    Legal bases:

    Common Agricultural Policy (pillar I)

    Heading: Sustainable Growth: Natural Resources
    Total amount: € 312 735 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Common Agricultural Policy aims at ensuring a decent standard of living for farmers and providing consumers with a stable and safe food supply at affordable prices. The "1st pillar" of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) corresponds to support to farmers' incomes provided in the form of direct payments and market-support measures.

    Legal bases:

    More information: Agriculture and Rural development website

    Common Foreign and Security Policy

    Heading: Global Europe
    Total amount: € 2 338,72 million (current prices)

    Aims: the role of the EU's foreign and security policy is to preserve peace and strengthen international security; to promote international cooperation; and to develop and consolidate democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.

    More information: EU External Action website

    Connecting Europe Facility

    Heading: Competitiveness for growth and jobs
    Total amount: € 21 936,76 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Connecting Europe Facility supports the development of high-performing, sustainable and efficiently interconnected trans-European networks in the field of energy, telecommunications and transport; building missing cross-border links and removing bottlenecks along main trans-European transport corridors. The Connecting Europe Facility will allow the construction of projects that would not be taken up by the market otherwise. In addition, a centrally managed infrastructure fund will minimise administrative burden and decrease the costs for the EU budget by promoting synergies.

    Legal bases:

    More information:

    Consumer Programme

    Heading: Security and citizenship
    Total amount: € 188,83 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Consumer Programme helps citizens to fully enjoy their consumer rights and to actively participate in the Single Market. The programme focuses on four areas: monitoring and enforcing product safety; consumer information and education; consumer rights and effective redress; strengthening enforcement cross-border.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 254/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on a multiannual consumer programme for the years 2014-20

    More information: Consumers website

    Copernicus

    Heading: Competitiveness for growth and jobs
    Total amount: € 4 291,48 million (current prices)

    Aims: Copernicus is a European system for monitoring the Earth. It ensures the regular observation and monitoring of Earth sub-systems, the atmosphere, oceans, and continental surfaces, and provides reliable, validated and guaranteed information in support of a broad range of environmental and security applications and decisions.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 377/2014 establishing the Copernicus Programme

    More information: Enterprise and Industry website

    Competitiveness of Enterprises and SMEs (COSME)

    Heading: Competitiveness for growth and jobs
    Total amount: € 2 298,24 million (current prices)

    Aims: the COSME programme supports the competitiveness, growth and sustainability of EU's enterprises, in particular SMEs, and promoting entrepreneurship. To reach these goals, the programme eases SME's access to finance by providing loan guarantees and risk-capital. It facilitates access to new markets inside and outside the EU and reduces the administrative burden on SMEs.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 1287/2013 establishing a Programme for the Competitiveness of Enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprises (COSME)

    More information: Enterprise and Industry website

    Customs, Taxation and Fight against Fraud

    Heading: Competitiveness for growth and jobs
    Total amount: € 908,01 million (current prices)

    Aims:

    • Customs and taxation: the Customs 2020 programme supports the functioning and modernisation of the Customs Union. The Fiscalis 2020 programme supports the functioning of the taxation systems in the Union and in particular the fight against tax fraud, tax evasion and aggressive tax planning. Both programmes achieve this objective by funding a highly secured communication network allowing exchange of information between national customs and tax administrations and by promoting knowledge-sharing and networking between officials of the EU countries' customs and tax authorities.
    • Fight against fraud: the Pericles 2020 programme aims at combating euro-counterfeiting in Europe and worldwide. It funds exchanges, assistances and training for authorities, banks and others involved in the protection of euro coins and banknotes. The Hercule III programme is dedicated to fighting fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities affecting the financial interests of the EU, including the fight against cigarette smuggling and counterfeiting. The programme helps national law enforcement authorities in their fight against illegal cross-border activities by financing technical and operational support and professional training activities.

    Legal bases:

    More information:

    Creative Europe

    Heading: Security and citizenship
    Total amount: € 1 462,72 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Creative Europe programme supports European cinema and cultural and creative sector. It supports tens of thousands of artists, cultural professionals and cultural organisations in the performing arts, fine arts, publishing, film, TV, music, interdisciplinary arts, heritage, and the video games industry, allowing them to operate across Europe, to reach new audiences and to develop the skills that are needed in the digital age. By helping European cultural works to reach new audiences in other countries, the programme contributes to safeguarding and promoting Europe's cultural and linguistic diversity.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 1295/2013 establishing the Creative Europe Programme

    More information: Creative Europe website

    Development Cooperation Instrument

    Heading: Global Europe
    Total amount: € 19 661,64 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Development Cooperation Instrument focuses on combating poverty in developing countries. It also contributes to the achievement of other objectives of EU external action, in particular fostering sustainable economic, social and environmental development as well as promoting democracy, the rule of law, good governance and respect for human rights.

    Legal bases:

    More information: Development and Cooperation website

    Employment and Social innovation Programme

    Heading: Competitiveness for growth and jobs

    7057.694
    Total amount: € 7 057,69 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Employment and Social innovation Programme supports employment and social policies across the EU. The programme supports Member States efforts in the design and implementation of employment and social reforms at European, national as well as regional and local levels by means of policy coordination and the identification, analysis and sharing of best practices.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 1296/2013 on a European Union Programme for Employment and Social Innovation and establishing a European Progress Microfinance Facility for employment and social inclusion

    More information: Employment, Social affairs and Inclusion website

    EU Aid Volunteers

    Heading: Global Europe
    Total amount: € 147,94 million (current prices)

    Aims: the EU Aid Volunteers project provides a practical training for humanitarian volunteers and ensures their deployment in EU funded humanitarian aid operations worldwide.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 375/2014 establishing the European Voluntary Humanitarian Aid Corps ("EU Aid Volunteers initiative")

    More information: Humanitarian aid and Civil protection website

    EU Civil Protection and European Emergency Response Coordination Centre

    Heading: Global Europe
    Total amount: € 144,65 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Civil Protection Mechanism coordinates the EU's response to natural and man-made disasters within and outside the Union.

    Legal basis: Decision No 1313/2013/EU on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism

    More information: Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection website

    European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights

    Heading: Global Europe
    Total amount: € 1 332,75 million (current prices)

    Aims: the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights provides support for the promotion of democracy and human rights in non-EU countries.

    Legal bases:

    More information: Development and Cooperation website

    European Maritime Affairs and Fisheries

    Heading: Sustainable Growth: Natural Resources
    Total amount: € 7 404,84 million (current prices)

    of which
    European Maritime and Fisheries Fund: € 6 396,6 million (current prices)

    Aims:the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is a set of rules for managing European fishing fleets and for conserving fish stocks. The European Maritime and Fisheries Fund supports the implementation of the CFP with the necessary financial resources. The fund focuses on funding projects which promote a sustainable future for the European fishing industry and coastal communities with particular focus on the rebuilding of fish stocks, reducing the impact of fisheries on the marine environment, and the progressive elimination of wasteful discarding practices.

    Legal bases:

    More information: Fisheries website

    Erasmus+

    Heading: Competitiveness for growth and jobs
    Total amount: € 14 774,52 million (current prices)

    Aims: Erasmus+ aims at boosting skills and employability. The programme will increase the quality and relevance of Europe’s education systems by providing funding for the professional development of education and training staff, as well as youth workers and for cooperation between universities, colleges, schools, enterprises, and NGOs.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 1288/2013 establishing "Erasmus +": the Union programme for education, training, youth and sport

    More information: Erasmus+ website

    European neighbourhood Instrument

    Heading: Global Europe
    Total amount: € 15 432,63 million (current prices)

    Aims: the European neighbourhood Instrument promotes enhanced political cooperation and progressive economic integration between the Union and its neighbouring countries.

    Legal bases

    More information: Development and Cooperation website

    Europe for Citizens

    Heading: Security and citizenship
    Total amount: € 185,47 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Europe for Citizens programme supports activities to increase awareness and citizens' understanding of the EU and of its values and history. The programme will also help people become more engaged in civic and democratic activities through debates and discussions on EU-related issues.

    Legal basis: Council regulation (EU) No 390/2014 establishing the ‘Europe for Citizens’ programme for the period 2014-2020

    More information: Citizenship website

    Food and feed

    Heading: Security and citizenship
    Total amount: € 1 891,94 million (current prices)

    Aims:the new animal and plant health programme aims at strengthening the enforcement of health and safety standards for the whole agri-food chain. The package of measures provide a modernised and simplified approach to the protection of health and more efficient control tools to ensure the effective application of EU agri-food chain rules.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 652/2014 laying down provisions for the management of expenditure relating to the food chain, animal health and animal welfare, and relating to plant health and plant reproductive material

    More information: Health and Consumers website

    Galileo

    Heading: Competitiveness for growth and jobs
    Total amount: € 7 071,73 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Galileo programme is Europe's initiative for a state-of-the-art global satellite navigation system, providing a highly accurate, guaranteed global positioning service under civilian control. The fully deployed system will consist of 30 satellites and the associated ground infrastructure. Galileo will be inter-operable with GPS and GLONASS, the two other global satellite navigation systems.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 1285/2013 on the implementation and exploitation of European satellite navigation systems

    More information: Enterprise and Industry website

    Guarantee fund for External actions

    Heading: Global Europe
    Total amount: € 1 193,07 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Guarantee Fund for external Actions covers defaults on loans and loan guarantees granted to non-EU countries or for projects in non-EU countries.

    Legal basis: Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 480/2009 establishing a Guarantee Fund for external actions

    More information: Economic and Financial Affairs website

    Health

    Heading: Security and citizenship
    Total amount: € 7 057,69 million (current prices)

    Aims: the EU Health Programme is about fostering health in Europe by encouraging cooperation between Member States to improve the health policies that benefit their citizens. The programme aims at complementing the health policies of EU Member States to promote health, reduce health inequalities, protect people from serious cross-border health threats, encourage innovation in health and increase the sustainability of their health systems.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 282/2014 on the establishment of a third Programme for the Union's action in the field of health (2014-2020)

    More information: Public Health website

    Horizon 2020

    Heading: Competitiveness for growth and jobs
    Total amount: € 79 401,83 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Horizon 2020 programme aims at securing Europe's global competitiveness, strengthening its position in science and its industrial leadership in innovation by providing major investment in key technologies, greater access to capital and support for SMEs. The programme aims at tackling societal challenges by helping to bridge the gap between research and the market. Horizon 2020 is designed to be a different kind of EU research programme - funding the entire value creation chain from fundamental research through to market innovation, and with drastically less red tape.

    Legal bases:

    More information: Horizon 2020 website

    Humanitarian aid

    Heading: Global Europe
    Total amount: € 147,94 million (current prices)

    Aims: the aim of the EU humanitarian aid policy is to provide assistance, relief and protection to people outside the EU victims of natural or man-made disasters.

    Legal basis: Council regulation (EC) No 1257/96 concerning humanitarian aid

    More information: Humanitarian aid and Civil protection website

    Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC)

    Heading: Global Europe
    Total amount: € 225,32 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation finances measures to support a higher level of nuclear safety, radiation protection and the application of efficient and effective safeguards of nuclear materials in non-EU countries.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EURATOM) No 237/2014 establishing an Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation

    More information: Development and Cooperation website

    Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA II)

    Heading: Global Europe
    Total amount: € 11 698,67 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Instrument for Pre-Accession provides financial support to the enlargement countries in their preparations for EU accession.

    Legal bases:

    More information: Development and Cooperation website

    Instrument contributing to stability and peace

    Heading: Global Europe
    Total amount: € 7 057,69 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP) is one of the key external assistance instruments that enable the EU to take a lead in helping to prevent and respond to actual or emerging crises around the world.

    Legal bases:

    More information: Service for Foreign Policy Instruments

    Internal Security Fund

    Heading: Security and citizenship
    Total amount: € 3 764,23 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Internal Security Fund supports the implementation of the Internal Security Strategy and the EU approach to law enforcement cooperation, including the management of the union's external borders.

    Legal bases:

  • Regulation establishing, as part of the Internal Security Fund, the instrument for financial support for external borders and visa
  • Regulation establishing, as part of the Internal Security Fund, the instrument for financial support for police cooperation, preventing and combating crime, and crisis management
  • More information: Home Affairs website

    IT systems

    Heading: Security and citizenship
    Total amount: € 138,66 million (current prices)

    EU State authorities need to cooperate on border management to ensure the security of citizens and travellers in the EU. A number of information sharing mechanisms are central to this cooperation:

    • the Visa Information System (VIS) allows Schengen States to exchange visa data;
    • the Schengen Information System (SIS) allows Schengen States to exchange data on suspected criminals, on people who may not have the right to enter into or stay in the EU, on missing persons and on stolen, misappropriated or lost property.

    More information: Home Affairs website

    ITER

    Heading: Competitiveness for growth and jobs
    Total amount: € 2 985,62 million (current prices)

    Aims: ITER is an international collaborative project (EU, US, China, Japan, India Russia, South Korea) to demonstrate the potential of nuclear fusion as an energy source. It is one of the world's most ambitious research endeavours. Its results could dramatically change the world's energy landscape opening the way to a safe, affordable, inexhaustible and CO2-free source of energy.

    Legal basis: Council Decision 2013/791/Euratom establishing the European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy and conferring advantages upon it

    More information: Research and Innovation website

    Justice Programme

    Heading: Security and citizenship
    Total amount: € 377,60 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Justice programme aims to make sure that EU legislation in civil and criminal justice is effectively applied. It helps ensure proper access to justice for people and businesses in cross-border legal cases in Europe and supports EU actions to tackle drugs and crime.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 1382/2013 establishing a Justice Programme for the period 2014 to 2020

    More information: Justice website

    Less developed regions

    Heading: Economic, social and territorial cohesion
    Total amount: € 185 374,42 million (current prices)

    "Less developed regions" are the European regions whose GDP is less than 75 % of the EU average. Funding is made available through the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social fund.

    Legal bases:

    More information: Regional policy website

    Life programme

    Heading: Sustainable Growth: Natural Resources
    Total amount: € 3 456,66 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Life Programme aims at improving the implementation of EU environment and climate policy and legislation. The programme will contribute to the shift towards a resource-efficient, low-carbon and climate resilient economy, to the protection and improvement of the quality of the environment and to halting and reversing biodiversity loss.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 establishing a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE Programme)

    More information: Environment website

    Macro-financial assistance

    Heading: Global Europe
    Total amount: € 564,56 million (current prices)

    Aims: Macro-financial assistance is an exceptional EU crisis response instrument. It provides loans and grants to EU neighbours dealing with serious, but generally short-term, balance-of-payments or budget difficulties. It is conditional and complements assistance by the International Monetary Fund.

    More information: Economic and Financial Affairs website

    More developed regions

    Heading: Economic, social and territorial cohesion
    Total amount: € 55 780,14 million (current prices)

    "More developed regions" are the European regions whose GDP is above 90 % of the EU average. Funding is made available through the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social fund.

    Legal bases:

    Nuclear decommissioning assistance programmes

    Heading: Competitiveness for growth and jobs
    Total amount: € 225,32 million (current prices)

    Aims: Nuclear decommissioning assistance programmes finance the decommissioning of some nuclear installations in Bulgaria, Lithuania and Slovakia.

    Legal bases:

    More information: Energy website

    Outermost and sparsely populated regions

    Heading: Economic, social and territorial cohesion
    Total amount: € 1 562,99 million (current prices)

    Areas that are naturally disadvantaged from a geographical viewpoint (remote, mountainous or sparsely populated areas), as well as outermost areas benefit from a from specific assistance from the European European Regional Development Fund to address possible disadvantages.

    Legal bases:

    Partnership Instrument (PI)

    Heading: Global Europe
    Total amount: € 954,76 million (current prices)

    Aims:the overall objective of the Partnership Instrument is to advance and promote EU interests by supporting the external dimension of internal policies (e.g. competiveness, research and innovation, migration) and to address major global challenges (e.g. energy security, climate change and environment).

    Legal bases:

    More information: Service for Foreign Policy Instruments

    Rights, Equality and Citizenship

    Heading: Security and citizenship
    Total amount: € 7 057,69 million (current prices)

    Aims: the programme will help to make people's rights and freedoms effective in practice by making them better known and more consistently applied across the EU. It will also promote the rights of the child, the principles of non-discrimination (racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation) and gender equality (including projects to combat violence against women and children).

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 1381/2013 establishing a Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme for the period 2014 to 2020

    More information: Justice website

    Rural Development (CAP pillar II)

    Heading: Sustainable Growth: Natural Resources
    Total amount: € 95 577,05 million (current prices)

    Aims: helping to improve competitiveness for farming and forestry, protect the environment and the countryside, improve the quality of life and diversification of the rural economy and support locally based approaches to rural development.

    Legal bases:

    Transition regions

    Heading: Economic, social and territorial cohesion
    Total amount: € 35 701,31 million (current prices)

    Transition regions are those regions whose GDP is between 75 % and 90 % of the EU average. They receive support from the European Regional Development Fund and from the European Social fund.

    Legal bases:

    More information: Regional policy website

    Youth employment initiative

    Heading: Economic, social and territorial cohesion
    Total amount: € 3 211,22 million (current prices)

    Aims: the Youth employment initiative supports young people not in education, employment or training in the Union's regions with a youth unemployment rate in 2012 at above 25 %. The initiative focuses on integrating these young people into the labour market. Of the funding, €3 billion come from a dedicated Youth Employment budget line complemented by €3 billion more from the European Social Fund.

    Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 1304/2013 on the ESF

    More information: Employment, Social affairs and Inclusion website

     

    Related links:

    Publication:

    MFF 2014-2020 and EU budget 2014