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I-036732
Ref: I-036732
Date: 25/09/1996
Extraits de la conférence de presse de Karel van Miert, membre de la CE, sur l'aide financière publique du gouvernement français au Crédit Lyonnais
On 25 September 1996, the European Commission decided to approve emergency aid for Crédit Lyonnais estimated at FRF 3 940 million (ECU 604.4 million). The aid was intended to maintain the status quo until the European Commission would have taken a formal decision on new restructuring measures, announced but not yet notified, which would be backed up by additional public aid whose compatibility with the Community rules on state aid would have to be closely checked. For this purpose, the European Commission initiated new formal proceedings under the rules on state aid with a view to scrutinizing the file as a whole. Once this scrutiny, which would cover both the proposed additional aid and the emergency aid approved as a temporary measure, would be completed, the European Commission would have to take a decision not only on the long-term viability prospects of Crédit Lyonnais, but also on the real and substantial counter-concessions to be provided by the bank. The French authorities gave a formal undertaking not to implement the new restructuring measures without the European Commission's prior approval. The main aim of the emergency measures, which had been formally notified bythe French authorities, is to prevent any short-term deterioration in Crédit Lyonnais' financial situation by relieving Crédit Lyonnais of some of the cost of refinancing the hived-off vehicle, which held the former assets, including property assets and industrial holdings, transferred from Crédit Lyonnais in 1995.At the press conference, Karel Van Miert, Member of the EC in charge of Competition, outlined that these measures were emergency and temporary ones in order to avoid further degradation and to carry out further investigation. He also focused on the written commitment made by the French Government not to apply measures without the approval of the EC and to inform it about the evolution of the file.

I-036596
Ref: I-036596
Date: 04/09/1996

I-035596
Ref: I-035596
Date: 30/05/1996
Extraits de la présentation de Karel van Miert, membre de la CE, du 25e rapport annuel sur la politique de concurrence, au PE
On 30 May 1996, Karel van Miert, Member of the EC in charge of Competition, took part in a meeting of the Committee of Financial and Monetary Affairs of the EP, at the European Parliament, in Brussels. The European Commission had just published the 25th Report on Competition Policy (1995). The report contained the main developments and major decisions in all areas of competition policy :restrictive agreements and practices; the abuse of dominant positions; state monopolies and monopoly rights; merger control; the control of state aid; and international activities. The competition report served as a basic instrument of communication and explanation of the Commission's competition policy. It was addressed primarily to the European Parliament in which the democratic control of the Commission's activities was vested, to the other institutions of the Union and to the Member States. The report was also expected to increase the general public's understanding of its work in this important area. The European Commission moreoverattached great importance to a fruitful dialogue with the European Parliament on all aspects of its competition policy in order to bring about a wide democratic consensus. Karel van Miert emphazised his firm willingness to continue the policy of openness with the European Parliament. He confirmed his commitment to participate, upon request of the Committee, in regularmeetings, during which recent developments and more specific competition policy issues and decisions could be discussed. During this meeting, Karel van Miert outlined the need of opening up the markets, the fight against monopolies or dominant position in many sectors, the increased number of cases in the field of state aid and his willingness to develop coorperation with national authorities.

I-034112
Ref: I-034112
Date: 21/02/1996

I-033317
Ref: I-033317
Date: 06/12/1995
Extraits de la conférence de presse de Karel van Miert, membre de la CE, sur le projet de communication sur la non imposition ou l'allègement des amendes dans les cas de cartels
On 6 December 1995, Karel van Miert, Member of the EC in charge of Competition, held a press conference, in Brussels. He presented the draft Commission notice on the non imposition or the mitigation of fines in cartel cases. In this draft, submitted to the Member States as part of thenormal consultation process, the European Commission advocated a system enabling it to put an end to cartels, these being among the most serious breaches of the European competition rules. By artificially pushing up prices, such practices have a negative impact both on consumersand on client companies. During the press conference, Karel van Miert said that, under the system it was advocating, the European Commission intended no longer to fine firms party to an illegal cartel which would furnish it with detailed information about the cartel, provided four conditions were met. First, at the time when the firm comes forward, the European Commission has not received any information about the cartel, or, if it has received information, it does not have sufficient proof to impose fines. Second, the firm is the first one to cooperate. Third, the firm provides the European Commission with all the documentation and evidence in its possession concerning the cartel and cooperates fully throughout the investigation. Finally, the firm has not forced any other firm to take part in the cartel and is neither a ringleader in, nor an originator of, the illegal activity. The European Commission also proposed to grant substantial reductions in fines (of up to 50% of the usual amount) in the case of firms which are not ringleaders and which, once the investigation is completed, would be the first to come forward and would provide confirmation that the infringement took place, or accept the facts as alleged. The fact that leniency is granted in respect of fines could not, however, shield a firm from the civil-law consequences of its participation in a cartel.

I-031411
Ref: I-031411
Date: 16/10/1995

I-030917
Ref: I-030917
Date: 20/09/1995

I-030890
Ref: I-030890
Date: 13/09/1995
Extraits de la conférence de presse de Karel van Miert, membre de la CE, sur les payments transfrontaliers et sur la téléphonie mobile
On 13 September 1995, Karel van Miert, Member of the EC in charge of Competition, gave a press conference following the proposal of a Directive by the European Commission which set out the essential conditions for credit transfers between Member States. Unauthorised double-charging by banks for payments made across the EU's internal frontiers will be outlawed if this proposal becomes European law, Karel van Miert said. Double-charging occurs for example when a person sending money from one Member State to another charges both the bank sending and receiving funds, despite the fact he or she has instructed all charges be deducted in the originating bank. Under the European Commission's proposal it would be on the originating bank to ensure such double charging. If a customer was wrongly charged, the originating bank would be obliged to reimburse him. The proposed directive also suggests penalties be imposed on banks which fail to carry out trans-frontier transactions within the time scale agreed with a customer. Such a directive was needed, said the European Commission, as the banks' own attempts to impose a voluntary code of practice on the issue had been unsuccessful. The same day, the European Commission expressed some concern at the way the mobile telephone market was being opened up to competition in some Member States. Following the EC's intervention, nearly all Member States have introduced competition regarding GSM (Global System for Mobile communications). However, the EC has expressed concern at the "auction" system being applied to the liberalisation process in some Member States. This system requires new operators wishing to enter the market to make a cash bid for the privilege. According to the EC this could hinder some new and innovative companies entering the market. The EC said it will not take legal action against Member States if they either abolish such "entry fees" or impose the same fees on existing operators (generally the state telecoms operator).

I-004076
Ref: I-004076
Date: 24/05/1995
Extraits de la conférence de presse de Karel van Miert, membre de la CE, sur le 24e rapport annuel de la CE sur la politique de concurrence de 1994
Le 24 mai 1995, Karel van Miert, membre de la CE chargé de la Concurrence, a tenu une conférence de presse afin de présenter le Rapport annuel de la Commission européenne sur la politique de la Concurrence. Celui-ci dresse un bilan complet de l'activité de la Commission européenne, en 1994, dans tous les domaines couverts par la politique de concurrence de l'Union: les ententes restrictives de concurrence, les abus de position dominante, le contrôle des concentrationsd'entreprises, le contrôle des aides d'Etat, la libéralisation de monopoles, et finalement, les aspects internationaux de la politique de concurrence. Le rapport s'adresse en priorité aux institutions de l'Union (Parlement européen, Conseil de l'UE et Comité économique et social), et aux Etats membres. Mais il a aussi pour but de faire connaître auprès des opérateurs économiques et au grand public la politique de concurrence de l'Union, et de renforcer ainsi la transparence. L'année 1994 a été caractérisée par une intensification notable des activités aussi bien quant au nombre des cas traités par les services de la Commission européenne et à l'efficacité avec laquelle ils l'ont été, que quant aux activités dans le domaine de la législation. En 1994, la Commission a adopté un nombre sans précédent de 33 décisions formelles. A la fin de l'année 1994, quelques 1 058 cas d'entente et d'abus de position dominante étaient en cours de traitement à la Commission européenne, ce qui signifie de nouveau une réduction significative dustock d'affaires par rapport à l'année précédente.

I-037260
Ref: I-037260
Date: 26/04/1995

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