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I-072669
Ref: I-072669
Date: 04/05/2012
Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
The statesman Robert Schuman, a qualified lawyer and French foreign minister between1948 and 1952, is regarded as one of the founding fathers of European unity.Schuman was born in Luxembourg and was influenced by his background in theFrench-German border region. Despite, or maybe as a result of his experiences in NaziGermany, he recognised that only a lasting reconciliation with Germany could form the basisfor a united Europe. Deported to Germany in 1940, he joined the French Resistance uponfleeing two years later. In spite of this, he showed no resentment when, following the war,he became foreign minister.In cooperation with Jean Monnet he drew up the internationally renowned Schuman Plan,which he published on 9 May 1950, the date now regarded as the birth of theEuropean Union. He proposed joint control of coal and steel production, the most importantmaterials for the armaments industry. The basic idea was that whoever did not have control over coal and steel productionwould not be able to fight a war.Schuman informed the German chancellor Adenauer of the plan, who immediately recognised the opportunity for a peacefulEurope and agreed. Shortly afterwards, the governments of Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands also reacted.The six states signed the agreement for the European Coal and Steel Community in Paris in April 1951. In this way, Europebegan as a peace initiative.Schuman also supported the formation of a common European defence policy, and held the post of President of theEuropean Parliament from 1958 to 1960.

I-048005
Ref: I-048005
Date: 10/05/2005

I-001110
Ref: I-001110
Date: 11/05/1990

I-034926
Ref: I-034926
Date: 01/06/1976

I-039532
Ref: I-039532
Date: 29/04/2002

I-001723
Ref: I-001723
Date: 19/03/1959

I-061549
Ref: I-061549
Date: 09/05/2009

I-054049
Ref: I-054049
Date: 05/05/2007

I-075534
Ref: I-075534
Date: 01/05/2007
The EP and the Construction of Europe: From World War II to the ECSC
What role has the European Parliament played at some key dates in European history? This stockshot traces the milestones of European construction since the Parliament's point of view. Part 1: From World War II to the ECSCOn September 3rd 1939, Nazi Germany rejects the Allied ultimatum. France, UK, along with India, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand, declare war on Germany. The Second World War officially begins. December 7th 1941, Japanese attack to the US Fleet at Pearl Harbour: the conflict becomes worldwide. On June 6th 1944, Allied troops land in Normandy: the Liberation of France can start. Germany's official surrender is signed on May 7th 1945, while Japan surrenders on the 2nd of September. The conflict is brought to an end. In the aftermath, Europe reckons its losses. 40 million people were killed. The English cities of Coventry and Birmingham and the German city of Dresden are almost entirely demolished by the bombings. The destruction of the production apparatus and the shortage of raw materials paralyse the European economy. The reconstruction of the continent begins. To grant economic and financial assistance to all the countries of Europe, in 1948, the US administration establishes the Marshall Plan or the European Recovery Program (ERP). The Soviet Union rejects the Marshall Plan and persuades its satellite countries and neighbouring Finland to refuse American aid. This rejection will deepen the split between Eastern and Western Europe. In response to the Marshall Plan, the USSR creates, in January 1949, a programme of economic co-operation called the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (Comecon)

I-053633
Ref: I-053633
Date: 23/03/2007

31 Results
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