Conference Our Ocean, Valletta: session marine pollution and announcements
Type: Complete speech
Valletta - Mediterranean Conference Centre
On 5 October 2017, Our Ocean conference was held in Valletta. This event is the yearly appointment for leaders, public administrators and businesspeople from all over the globe to interact and find workable solutions for the planet's seas and oceans. Our Ocean 2017 addressed the themes of marine protected areas, sustainable fisheries, marine pollution, maritime security, sustainable Blue economy and climate change. This video shows speeches made by major actors of the sector, and commitments made by public and private leaders on each on the six items.
Only the original language version is authentic and it prevails in the event of its differing from the translated versions.
||Video presenting the panel session on marine pollution
||SOUNDBITE by Afroz Shah, young Indian environmental lawyer (in ENGLISH) comparing the way we protect premises like the Conference centre he just entered in to come and speak and the way we failed to protect our ocean, saying that the ocean is not an asset any more for us, we think the ocean belongs to somebody else, we have thousand of laws, but on the ground, what do we do ? we rely too much on policies, on laws, on non individualistic efforts, we have to change our mindset
||Video presenting the beach clean-up project created by Afroz Shah on the Versova beach in Mumbai
||SOUNDBITE by Afroz Shah, young Indian environmental lawyer (in ENGLISH) saying that he feels responsible for the Marine pollution, he has littered, those litter are not thrown by the governements or institutions, these are thrown by each individuals; firstly: why do we litter ? because we have lost the sense of belonging, secondly, our connection with our nature has been lost; we have to clean the ocean as we keep our own house clean
||SOUNDBITE by Ayana Elizabeth Johnson, American marine biologist, conservation strategist, and Founder of Ocean Collectiv (in ENGLISH): Ocean Collectiv is a consulting firm for conservation solutions that are grounded on social justice; defining the context of the following discussion with panellists; 72 million of plastic packaging is produced every year; around one third of that ends up in the ocean; that is the equivalent of one garbage truck full of plastic being dumped in the ocean every single minute every day of the year; once in the ocean it is divided in micro pieces by the sun and the salt and then, it becomes micro plastics; and then it gets incorporated into the food chain; one third of the fish cod in the United Kingdom are contaminated with micro plastics, oysters and mussels are contaminated; table salt, food for pets etc... we use science to create a material that last for ever and then we through it away; all day, everyday, that does not make any sense; every single piece of plastic that has ever been created is still with us
||SOUNDBITE by Ayana Elizabeth Johnson (in ENGLISH) saying: so what do we do about this problem that is shocking our ocean ? there are many ideas to deal with plastic pollution, her favourite technological solution is in the Inner Harbor in Baltimore, Maryland,it uses rivers courants and flooding booms to funnel plastic and other trash into a water wheel, and then into a dumpster, that can be thrown away, very simple, very effective; explaining that since Afroz Shah launched the clean up of beaches in Mumbai, other organisations did the same thing to scale up this initiative; saying that the world could be more effective by recycling, reusing and repurposing existing plastic, we should also ban plastic in some sector like the city of Seattle, Kenya, the United States just did; or we could join the United nations Seas initiative and make inspiring commitments; or make all above in the same time [speech cut before the end]
||Technical problem - Speech cut
||SOUNDBITE by Isabella Lövin, Swedish Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for International Development Cooperation and Climate (in ENGLISH) saying we are all in the same canoe, saying that Sweden and Fidji initiated and led the first ever UN oceans' conference, the conference adopted an ambitious political declaration, as well as over 1400 voluntary commitments; at the first conference on the ocean in Stockholm in 1972, people already talked about the sea pollution, sadly, we can say that we have learnt little during 45 years [cut]
||Technical problem - Speech cut
||SOUNDBITE by Virginie Helias, Vice President of global sustainability at Procter and Gamble (P&G) (in ENGLISH) on the sustainibility policy of Procter and Gamble (P&G), announcing a new limited edition of Fairy dishwashing liquid bottle made with beach plastic, the bottle will reach the UK shelves middle of next year (2018); Fairy is an iconic brand in the UK; this initiative is a major step in the use of beach plastic, it is made of 100% of consumers recycled plastic, 10% come from beaches and it is recyclable; to make it happen, they had to create a totally innovative supply chain; P&G know that they are not alone in their ambition, they are proud to be partners with oceans conservancy, and many organisations, because, what is stronger than someone calling for change, it is a strong brand calling for change, putting its equity, resources and investment, to drive change, one bottle at a time; our brand will be a force for hope and a force for good, until the day they will not be any more beach plastic bottle to recycle, they will continue to inspire consumers to take actions
||SOUNDBITE by Nicky Davies, Programme Director of The Plastic Solutions Fund (USA) (in ENGLISH) thanking the institutions to give her the opportunity to announce their intention to raise 20.6 million euro (15 million dollars) over the next three years to combat the problem with single use, and other disposable plastic packaging; the Plastic Solutions Fund was established earlier this year to support non profit organisations, particularly in Asia, EU and the USA; the aim is not only to reduce the amount of plastic that enters the environment but also the amount of plastic that is manufactured in the first place; saying that plastic is not only an oceans' problem, it is also a climate problem, because burning the plastic increases the pollution in the air, and the greenhouse effects.
||SOUNDBITE by Nicky Davies (in ENGLISH) exposing the means used by the fund to support cities and communities; and help them to establish Zero waste programmes, we have to redesign the way we produce and deliver products
||SOUNDBITE by the moderator
||SOUNDBITE by Brune Poirson, Secretary of State to the French Minister of Ecological and Solidarity Transition (in FRENCH) announcing the commitment of France concerning the fight against marine pollution; France banned plastic bags for single use, plastic dishes will be forbidden as from the 1st January 2020; cosmetics products containing plastic micro balls will be forbidden as from 2018; Q-tips will be forbidden too in 2020; France financially supports the Global partnership on Marine litter, France is putting in place a process to deal with boats and pleasure craft at the end of their life; France suggests to reinforce the judiciary cooperation in case of an accidental marine pollution; even if it is not in our seas; France is also ambitious when it comes to the protection of marine species, until 2020, 55 000 ha of mangrove will be protected, in conclusion, we financially support up to several million euros: the International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI), the French Initiative for Coral Reef (IFRECOR) and the Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and contiguous Atlantic area (ACCOBAMS)
||SOUNDBITE by João Aguiar Machado, Director-General of DG Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the EC, (in ENGLISH) announcing that it will commit EUR 2.85 million to marine pollution prevention and preparedness projects and EUR 2.5 million to marine pollution exercises, to support and complement the cross-border cooperation efforts between EU countries and with selected countries in the EU's vicinity.
||SOUNDBITE by Patrick John Rata, Ambassador of New Zealand to Italy (in ENGLISH) announcing the intention of New Zealand to ban all wash products that contains plastic microbeads, for exfoliating, cleansing or abrasive cleaning purposes, the ban will come into effect by May 2018; announcing that New Zealand is a new member of the International Alliance to combat ocean's acidification; it will ban all 'wash-off' products that contain plastic microbeads for exfoliating, cleansing or abrasive cleaning purposes. As well as personal care products, this includes household, car or other cleaning products.
||SOUNDBITE by a representative of Panama (in SPANISH)
||SOUNDBITE by David Balton, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Oceans and Fisheries in the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, U.S. Department of State (in ENGLISH) making three announcements relating to marine pollution; first: through USA idea, we have granted a small portfolio totalling 9.1 million US dollars over the next 4 years; this amount will promote municipal waste management, and recycling efforts in the Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam and Sri Lanka; the goal is to reduce the amount of marine pollution from entering the ocean; second, announcing a new contribution of up to 500 000 US Dollars to the circular design challenge of the new plastics economy initiative; this is part of a partnership among the USA and the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, and private foundations; the goal is to identify new ways to package and deliver products in order to reduce plastic pollution; finally, we are pleased to announce a public/private partnership, that has produced a joined EU/US exhibit on marine debris and plastics, this exhibit is going on tour, you can see it for a while in Malta
||VIDEO MESSAGE by a representative of UNILEVER, a British-Dutch transnational consumer goods (in ENGLISH) announcing its commitment to help transform global plastic packaging material flows by: ensuring all of its plastic packaging is reusable, recyclable or compostable by 2025; increasing its use of recycled plastic content in its packaging to at least 25% by 2025 (against a 2015 baseline); publishing the full "palette" of plastics materials used in its packaging by 2020 to help create a plastics protocol for the industry; and helping tackle the industry-wide sachet waste issue, by investing in proving, and then sharing with industry, a technical solution to recycle multi-layered sachets - CreaSolv®.
||SOUNDBITE by a representative of the Aquarium Conservation Partnership (ACP) (in ENGLISH) an initiative designed to increase the collective impact of aquariums on shared ocean and freshwater conservation goals, announced the elimination of plastic straws and single-use take-away plastic bags in its 19 member aquariums as of 10 July 2017, and the significant reduction or elimination of single-use plastic beverage bottles in member aquariums by 1 December 2020. Founded by Monterey Bay Aquarium, Shedd Aquarium, and National Aquarium, the ACP also committed to showcasing innovative alternatives to single-use plastic for its millions of visitors. The members of the Aquarium Conservation Partnership are committed to allocate annually EUR 210,000.
||SOUNDBITE by a representative of Borealis AG (in ENGLISH) announcing an investment of EUR 15 million to advance mechanical recycling of Polyolefins, further to the acquisition of Germany's polyolefin recycling company mtm plastics GmbH; announcing a EUR 4 million initiative to accelerate waste management improvements in South-East Asia to be rolled out in 2018-2019, driven and to be co-funded with local and global partners; announcing its commitment to zero pellet loss from its operations and to substantially invest in best available technology to prevent pellet loss.
||SOUNDBITE by a representative of Dow Chemical Company (in ENGLISH) announcing EUR 128,100 (USD 151,000) funding for three new research projects to help solve the issue of plastics marine litter. Two projects, one in Japan and one in Indonesia, will set up systems to measure the flow of trash into the ocean, and will then propose solutions, based on that information, to prevent the characterized waste from reaching the ocean. The third project will test the use of non-recycled plastic in roadways in Indonesia, to help create a new end-use market for collected materials that might otherwise end up in the environment. This will help drive collection of low value plastics, keeping these materials out of the ocean.
||SOUNDBITE by a representative of ECOALF (in ENGLISH): by means of its Foundation supported by HAP FOUNDATION, in partnership with ECOEMBES and with the collaboration of the Spanish Fishing Confederation, announcing that it will be extending the "Upcycling the Oceans" project to the whole Spanish Mediterranean coast and test it also in the Atlantic Ocean. By 2018, the number of ports involved will be expanded from 32 to 60 and from 440 trawlers to 770, removing 200 tonnes of marine debris. The Project is helping rid the oceans of rubbish through partnership with the fishing sector and is giving a new life to the collected trash by turning it into polyester garments, through a circular economy project.
SOUNDBITE by a representative of the EIB (Europan Investment bank) (in ENGLISH): The Programme is implemented by the United Nations Environment and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and will increase capacity across the region and result in a reduction of nutrients and chemicals reaching the Mediterranean Sea, which is currently causing coastal ecosystem degradation and potentially affecting the health and quality of life of millions of people in the coastal areas of the Mediterranean. This program consists of several subprojects, including those managed by EIB under the Mediterranean Hotspots Investment Programme (MeHSIP). The MeHSIP aims at assisting promoters with the preparation of projects in the environmental sector that address the main sources of pollution entering the Mediterranean Sea. A USD 7 million GEF contribution will allow MeHSIP to prepare subprojects leveraging an expected implementation value of USD 500 million.
||SOUNDBITE by a representative of Global Environment Facility and a representative of the EIB (European Investment Bank) announced a EUR 35.9 million (USD 42.3 million) commitment to the MedProgramme to address nutrient pollution in the Mediterranean, enhance region wide environmental monitoring and protect key coastal freshwater resources. The Mediterranean Sea Programme (the MedProgramme) builds on several successful GEF projects in the Mediterranean and on the legal framework provided by the Barcelona Convention and its protocols. The Programme is implemented by the United Nations Environment and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and will increase capacity across the region and result in a reduction of nutrients and chemicals reaching the Mediterranean Sea, which is currently causing coastal ecosystem degradation and potentially affecting the health and quality of life of millions of people in the coastal areas of the Mediterranean. This program consists of several subprojects, including those managed by EIB under the Mediterranean Hotspots Investment Programme (MeHSIP). The MeHSIP aims at assisting promoters with the preparation of projects in the environmental sector that address the main sources of pollution entering the Mediterranean Sea. A USD 7 million GEF contribution will allow MeHSIP to prepare subprojects leveraging an expected implementation value of USD 500 million.
||SOUNDBITE by a representative of Marks and Spencer (in ENGLISH) announcing that all its plastic packaging in the UK will be 100% recyclable and widely recycled by 2022. It will work to eliminate packaging that strays into the environment (particularly oceans) and actively design out packaging parts that can't be reused or recycled. It will introduce products with reclaimed social plastics as a component, providing positive social benefit to the communities from which the materials are sourced. In addition, M&S will assess the feasibility for all its plastic packaging to be made from one polymer group by 2022 to reduce consumer confusion and to improve recycling.
||SOUNDBITE by a representative of Ocean Conservancy, the Trash Free Seas Alliance, and Closed Loop Partners (in ENGLISH), with the support of world leading brands, including Procter & Gamble, 3M, PepsiCo, and plastic makers from the American Chemistry Council and the World Plastics Council, announced the formation of a new initiative to reduce marine debris through improving waste collection, recycling and reuse. The initiative, which will be led by Closed Loop Partners, aims to create a new funding mechanism to raise over EUR 128 million (USD 150 million) over five years to improve waste collection, sorting, and recycling markets in Southeast Asia. The funding mechanism will: catalyse new investments from the private sector, governments and development finance institutions; demonstrate solutions; build a pipeline of bankable waste management infrastructure projects to demonstrate investment viability; and maximize recycling profitability.
||VIDEO MESSAGE by a representative of PepsiCo (in ENGLISH) announcing its ambition to design 100% of its packaging to be recyclable, compostable or biodegradable, increase recycled materials in its plastic packaging, reduce packaging's carbon impact, and in partnership with the PepsiCo Foundation, work to increase recycling rates by 2025.
||SOUNDBITE by a representative of Think Beyond Plastic (in ENGLISH), in partnership with UN Environment, announcing the launch of the world's first student competition for solutions to the global problem of marine plastics (the 2017 Marine Plastics Innovation Challenge) which invites all university students to submit ideas in the fields of engineering, communications, economics and data modelling. Competition is accepting applications until November 20, 2017. Winners, which will be announced at Sixth International Marine Debris Conference, will gain entry into the Think Beyond Plastic annual acceleration program, which will provide mentoring and bridge to commercialization for winning ideas.Think Beyond Plastic announced a partnership with California State University at Monterey Bay to develop an Innovation Center with a budget EUR 4.25 million (USD 5 million) to accelerate commercialisation of research and innovation with a focus on plastic pollution.This hub will bring together innovators, entrepreneurs, scientists, engineers, businesses, investors and consumer advocates to facilitate a multidisciplinary approach to solving this complex problem. This center will offer growing access to material innovation space for development, characterisation and scalability testing by 2020.
||SOUNDBITE by a representative of Volvo Ocean Race (in ENGLISH) announcing that in its 2017-2018 edition single-use plastic consumption in Race Villages will be reduced by at least 80%, with the objective to ban it entirely from 2019-2020 edition. In addition, Volvo Ocean Race will raise awareness on ocean plastic pollution by advocating "Turn the Tide" message to 3 million visitors to its Host Cities globally; by promoting UN Environment's "Turn the Tide on Plastic" campaign to its digital audience, including 1.2 million Facebook fans; by launching a dedicated "Turn the Tide on Plastic" sailing team with a powerful call to action via the Clean Seas programme; by using compelling storytelling and the race's significant media power to amplify the campaign - with a minimum goal of 30% of external media articles mentioning its sustainability programme; and by developing an Education Programme for kids and teachers, with an initial delivery target of 25,000 students at Host Cities globally and online. Volvo Ocean Race will host 7 "Ocean Summits" by the June 2018, gathering more than 2,000 decision makers and influencers from business, government and science to make commitments to ocean health. Finally, Volvo Ocean race will contribute in 2017-2018 to ocean science by gathering data and monitoring micro plastic pollution on-board race boats.
||SOUNDBITE by a representative of Werner & Mertz Group (in EGLISH), whose packaging is already hundred per cent recyclable, announcing its commitment to use hundred per cent recycled plastic in at least 70 million bottles each year as of 2017, corresponding to sixty-five per cent of its entire annual bottle volume, aiming to go up to one hundred per cent for all its consumer goods packaging by 2025.
||SOUNDBITE by Zero Waste Europe, a European network of NGOs working with 397 zero waste municipalities (in ENGLISH) announcing the allocation of EUR 300,000 over the next three years to include other 20 cities into the network, thus reducing waste generation by 20% and increasing recycling by 40%.Zero Waste Europe, in collaboration with the Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives in the Philippines and 9 other partners in South-East Asia, announced the allocation of EUR 300,000 to involve 16 cities in South East Asia to implement a zero waste strategy by 2020, preventing more than 868,000 tons of annual waste from entering the environment and including more than 173,000 tons annually from being released into the environment.
||SOUNDBITE by a representative of the United Kingdom (in ENGLISH) announcing EUR 566,700 (GBP 500,000) to launch a new 'litter innovation fund' to trial small scale projects that could be replicated more widely, including those aimed at reducing litter entering the marine environment.The United Kingdom announcing the adoption of a Litter Strategy for England. The strategy aims to apply best practice in education, enforcement and infrastructure to deliver a substantial reduction in litter and littering behaviour on land, which in turn will lead to a reduction in the amount of litter reaching the marine environment. The Government will work with industry and community partners to implement this strategy. This is in addition to existing Litter Strategies in Scotland and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom also announced it joined the UN Clean Seas Campaign, the Global Partnership on Marine Litter and the Global Ghost Gear Initiative.The United Kingdom announcing its commitment to banning plastic microbeads in rinse-off cosmetics and personal care products to protect the marine environment from avoidable microplastic pollution. It anticipates having bans on both manufacture and sale of such products in place across the whole of the UK by the end of June 2018.
||SOUNDBITE by a representative of Sri Lanka (in ENGLISH) announcing its commitment to make the country polythene-free and to find a sustainable solution to ocean pollution and solid waste management. To this end, it will take measures including the ban on the import, manufacture and sale of harmful polythene products and the ban on the use of polythene for decorations.Sri Lanka also announced that, in 2017, it has started projects aimed at encouraging the separation of waste with the aim of recycling. It is also exploring sewage energy generation projects.
||SOUNDBITE by the moderator (in ENGLISH) inviting the audience to take a break