European Inventor Award 2013 - Sophie Wilson (Lifetime Achievement)

Type: Documentary   Référence: I077961   Durée: 03:10  Lieu: United Kingdom
Prior to the invention of the ARM chip, computer processors required a large number of complex instructions to complete tasks. Not only did this make task management difficult, it also required a whopping 135,000 transistors per processor, causing computer chips to suck up large amounts of energy.Wilson drew on an idea called Reduced Instruction Set Computing, or RISC, which was being developed by IBM at the time. She completely rewrote the operating instruction set for her new chip, reducing the number and complexity of instructions needed to make it work. This simplification also allowed her to reduce the number of transistors on each chip to about 25,000, dramatically slashing energy consumption.

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00:00:00 It's found in smartphones, in video and digital cameras as well as in Tablet-PCs. It even saves lives, powering the ABS in your car. 00:00:15
00:00:15 We are talking about the ARM RISC Processor: a tiny chip that breathes life into mobile devices. 00:00:06
00:00:21 But without her, this amazing chip would not exist. She invented it. 00:00:06
00:00:27 IV Sophie Wilson in English ?Hello, this is Sophie Wilson!" 00:00:03
00:00:30 Without this energy-efficient chip, the battery in your smartphone would be empty after every quick phone call you made and every picture you took. It would get so hot you could fry an egg on it. 00:00:14
00:00:44 For her invention Sophie Wilson has been nominated for the European Inventor Award in the category "Lifetime Achievement". This passionate photographer is even today still surprised by the success of her chip. 00:00:12
00:00:56 IV Sophie Wilson in English ?You can't expect inventions to be such a success. It is absolutely astonishing that 30 years after we designed it, it is selling in such huge numbers. I'm continuely amazed all the time!" 00:00:13
00:01:09 The secret to Wilson's chip: It requires very little energy, no cooling and it is so small that it fits in smartphones and tablets. It is special because it has so few transistors. These switch and manage the electrical signals. 00:00:17
00:01:26 This makes the ARM processor a true computing wonder. Sophie Wilson developed the chip for the company ARM in exactly 18 months. Today this tiny processor remains a huge seller. Lots of manufacturers use them in their devices. 00:00:21
00:01:47 IV Sophie Wilson in English "On the wall we have a picture of the ARM 1 Design ? six millimeters on a side, 25 000 Transistors. And here we have exactly the same scale a picture of a modern version of the same ability ARM processor. It is 70 Micrometer on a side, which makes it about 10 000 times smaller!" 00:00:22
00:02:09 For the consumer this means playing and surfing uses very little energy. Whenever a mobile device makes a computation, Wilson's chip is involved. A total of 30 billion of these chips have been installed worldwide. This means that everyone has on average four of these chips in their various devices. Inventor Sophie Wilson remains humble. 00:00:26
00:02:35 IV Sophie Wilson in English ?To be a successful inventor, you need 90 percent perspiration, 10 percent inspiration and that dash of luck just to keep things moving on!" 00:00:09
00:02:44 Small chip, great performance! Wilsons' device has decisively influenced the computing world and made a huge impact on our lives. 00:00:08
00:02:52 Whether she can take home the European Patent Office's Inventor Award will be seen on 28 May. 00:00:07
00:02:59 That's when the "Technology Oscar" will be awarded at the big ceremony in Amsterdam. 00:00:00
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