EU: Research - Horizon 2020, 2013 (Part 2)

Type: Stockshots [long]   Reference: I-077412   Duration: 10:33:11  Lieu:
End production: 15/04/2013   First transmission: 16/10/2013
The European Commission's audiovisual services have produced the second part of the EU Research – Horizon 2020 video stockshots. Part 2 covers the best research to transform bright ideas into real products. The projects are from the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme for Research (FP7) and include top-end research, ensuring food safety and security, developing sustainable transport and mobility and other projects dealing with societal challenges. The projects illustrated cover: - COLLREGEN – regenerative medicine; - MABFUEL – use of algae to produce biodiesel; - BIOBROOM – biological control of parasitic weeds to improve crop production; - RADIOPAST – Non-invasive approaches to investigate archaeological sites; - European Crisis Management Laboratory; - ELSA RETRO project – research into structural resistance to earthquakes. The Horizon 2020 Programme, the new EU programme for research and innovation, runs from 2014 to 2020. It aims to tackle major concerns shared by all Europeans such as climate change, developing sustainable transport and mobility, making renewable energy more affordable, ensuring food safety and security, or coping with the challenge of an ageing population.

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TIME DESCRIPTION DURATION
10:00:00 Credits and title 00:00:18
10:00:18 1. Excellent Science 00:04:23
10:00:18 Title 00:00:04
10:00:22 COLLREGEN Establishing shot: Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), Dublin, Ireland. Regenerative medicine aims to regenerate damaged tissues by developing functional cell, tissue, and organ substitutes to repair, replace or enhance biological function. A major focus of research in the field uses biomaterials in the form of 3D 'porous sponges' as templates to encourage tissue regeneration. The ERC-funded research in Professor Fergal O'Brien's lab focuses on the development of collagen-based scaffolds with applications in bone regeneration. A major application is the use of these scaffolds as therapeutic bioactive platforms for the delivery of stem cells and growth factors or as gene-activated matrices to promote enhanced tissue repair. The results from the research to date have been very encouraging and the platform systems developed are now being applied to new applications including cartilage, cardiovascular, respiratory, neural and corneal regeneration. 00:00:10
10:00:33 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), main door and plate 00:00:05
10:00:38 Soundbite by Fergal O'Brien, Head of the Tissue Engineering Research Group at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), (in ENGLISH): The focus of our research is to develop advanced strategies for bone repair and the principle of what we use is collagen-based scaffolds and bio-materials; essentially, these are 3 dimensional porous sponges which act as templates for tissue formation. And prior to the European Research Council grants starting for project, we developed sponges that had particular composition, porous structure and stiffness, engineered specifically for bone repair. And with the ERC project, we've taken that to the next level, we've begun to use these scaffolds to deliver stem cells, growth factors and genes. 00:00:34
10:01:13 Soundbite by Fergal O'Brien (in ENGLISH): the European Research Council, since it was set up, has begun to revolutionize the research landscape in Europe. Quite simply, it's the most prestigious funding award that's available within Europe and it has become the benchmark of excellence; I think that every scientist aspires to become an ERC funded researcher. 00:00:17
10:01:30 Soundbite by Fergal O'Brien (in ENGLISH): Speaking from my own personal experience, we work very closely with the industry, because a lot of the therapies we work on are related to the medical device industry, which is a huge part of the national economy here in Ireland. 00:00:10
10:01:41 Fergal O'Brien entering the Scaffold Fabrication Lab, talking to Alan Ryan, postgraduate student at the RCSI, extracting samples from a 3D collagen based scaffold for further characterisations (2 shots) 00:00:15
10:01:56 Examination of a dual-layered scaffold for cartilage repair which was developed using a patented fabrication process (4 shots) 00:00:27
10:02:23 Amro Widaa, postdoctoral researcher at the RCSI, sectioning tissue samples using a microtome 00:00:11
10:02:35 Amro Widaa sectioning samples of regenerated healthy bone and diseased bone (4 shots) 00:00:23
10:02:59 Amos Matsiko, postdoctoral researcher at the RCSI, and Cai Lloyd-Griffith, postgraduate student at the RCSI, preparing samples for analysis of gene expression (2 shots). The researchers are looking particularly, for evidence of markers that demonstrate that the cells have characteristics that are similar to those found in articular cartilage tissue. 00:00:09
10:03:09 Cian O'Leary, postgraduate student at the RCSI, examining the component of a total hip prosthesis (2 shots). INFO: These implants are used to replace the hip of patients suffering from advanced osteoarthritis. 00:00:15
10:03:24 Elaine Quinlan and Irene Mencia Castano, postgraduate students at the RCSI, performing an assay. (3 shots). INFO: The aim of the PicoGreen assay is to analyse whether or not a specific treatment is toxic to cells or promotes their growth. 00:00:17
10:03:41 Janice O'Sullivan-Duffy, postdoctoral researcher at the RCSI, in microscope suite analyzing images of gene-activated matrices that can be used in the engineering of new bone tissue (3 shots). INFO: Images provided by Caroline Curtin, postdoctoral researcher at the RCSI. 00:00:15
10:03:57 Rosanne Raftery, postgraduate student at the RCSI, is preparing cells for transfection (2 shots) 00:00:13
10:04:11 Elaine Quinlan on the computer connected to the PCR instrument monitoring the amplification of DNA in a given sample (5 shots) 00:00:29
10:04:41 2. Tackling Societal Challenges 00:28:37
10:04:41 Title 00:00:05
10:04:46 MABFUEL Establishing shot: Daithi O’Murchu Marine Research Station (DOMMRS), Sheeps Head Penninsula, Ireland. The use of algae to produce biodiesel may be the only viable method to replace current world petrol/diesel usage judging from the results of smaller scale experiments. Micro-algae in particular have much faster growth-rates than terrestrial crops. The yield of oil from algae is estimated to be from between 19,000 to 75,000 litres per acre, per year; this is 7 to 31 times greater than the next best crop, oil of palm. As terrestrial contributions are greatly limited by the finite area of land available under any culture method, it is essential that the potential of the marine environment as a source of biomass for bio-fuel production is realized. In the MABFUEL project oil was extracted successfully from algae and produced fuel from this oil which could be used to power any diesel engine. The project identified the native seaweed and with the most potential for fuel production, the best time and technique to harvest seaweed with an economic and environmental appraisal which will identify the size of the farm required and the feasibility of a commercial size operation. This provided the physical (biomass product) and the intellectual (methodology for production and extraction) tools to enable the bio-fuel sector to base it s business on the most suitable and profitable process. 00:00:09
10:04:55 Bantry Bay, County Cork, Ireland 00:00:05
10:05:01 Atlantic salmon cages in Bantry Bay, off DOMMRS 00:00:05
10:05:06 Boat trip out to algal lines, 500m north of DOMMRS (2 shots) 00:00:12
10:05:18 Alaria esculenta on the submerged line INFO: Alaria esculenta is an edible seaweed, also known as winged kelp. It is a traditional food along the coasts of the far north Atlantic Ocean. 00:00:06
10:05:25 Cutting small Alaria sample from the line (2 shots) 00:00:15
10:05:41 Single length of Alaria (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:05:52 Tasting Alaria 00:00:05
10:05:58 DOMMRS / Fastnet Mussels Ltd. 00:00:04
10:06:02 Outdoor culture tanks for micro-algae and sea urchins 00:00:05
10:06:08 Holding tank for feeding urchins 00:00:05
10:06:13 Oil extraction process being carried out in the lab (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:06:24 Adding solvent (3 shots) 00:00:16
10:06:40 Extraction operation (4 shots) 00:00:22
10:07:03 Indoor micro-algal culture room - temperature controlled 18°C (3 shots) 00:00:13
10:07:16 Bubbling CO2 into cultures 00:00:05
10:07:21 Sub-sampling cultures for microscopic examination (2 shots) 00:00:15
10:07:36 Microscopic examination (3 shots) 00:00:15
10:07:52 Macro-algal culture procedure (2 shots) 00:00:13
10:08:05 Adding nutrient solution to Alaria sporophyte cultures (2 shots) 00:00:16
10:08:21 Renewing sporophyte culture in fresh media (4 shots) 00:00:29
10:08:51 Returning cultures to light-temperature control room (15°C - 24hrs daylight conditions) (3 shots) 00:00:24
10:09:16 Reading light irradiance 00:00:08
10:09:24 Close up of fuel bubbling 00:00:05
10:09:30 BIOBROOM Establishing shots: Low Tatras, Subalpine zone, Slovakia - Pusté Hill - 1500 meters above sea level, limestone bed zone (2 shots). Parasitic weeds from the genus Orobanche considerably damage crop plants due to withdrawal of water, minerals and carbohydrates. The growth of the hosts is retarded and yield losses range from 5 to 100%. Field work is done in Slovakia. The coordination and laboratory work is conducted by Professor Bouwmeester at the Wageningen University (Wageningen, The Netherlands). The results of this work are expected to improve the efficacy of biological control. 00:00:10
10:09:40 Detail of the host plant 00:00:05
10:09:45 Detail of the Orobanche reticulata inflorescence with valley in the background 00:00:05
10:09:50 Peter Tóth, Slovak researcher, checking growth phase; the first plant was declining; seed capsule was checked to know seed maturity; the second specimen was fully flowering, i.e. suitable for headspace sampling. 00:00:14
10:10:05 Peter Tóth taking photos (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:10:15 Peter Tóth preparing the plant for sampling (4 shots) 00:00:48
10:11:03 Time-lapse shot of the plant in the jar (to resemble the regular four hour period of trapping, similar as in laboratory/headspace chamber) 00:00:07
10:11:10 Establishing shot: A creek in West Tatras, mountain valley habitat - Rohá ska dolina Valley, 1000 metres above sea level, limestone bed zone. 00:00:05
10:11:15 Peter Tóth on the way from creek to canopy of Petasites albus and finding Orobanche flava (3 shots) 00:00:19
10:11:35 Establishing shot: South Slovakia, near Dvor Mikulᚠvillage, 125 metres above sea level, cropland, tomato plantation. 00:00:04
10:11:39 Close up of young tomato plants 00:00:05
10:11:44 Digging up the tomato plant infested by Phelipanche Ramosa and examining the attachment 00:00:10
10:11:55 Detail of Phelipanche ramosa showing typical bushy shape 00:00:05
10:12:00 Red tomato fruit plantation 00:00:04
10:12:04 Establishing shot: Radix building, University of Wageningen, The Netherlands 00:00:05
10:12:10 Harro Bouwmeester, Chair of the Laboratory of Plant Physiology of the University of Wageningen, walking through the lobby of the Radix building. INFO: Professor Harro Bouwmeester is coordinator of the BIOBROOM project. 00:00:08
10:12:18 Students in the library 00:00:04
10:12:23 Harro Bouwmeester entering his office 00:00:09
10:12:32 Top shot of the university greenhouses 00:00:04
10:12:37 Students and professor walking in corridor (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:12:48 Mahdere Shimels, PhD student at the Laboratory of Plant Physiology of the University of Wageningen, entering a climate room, showing broomrape seeds; and roots (5 shots) 00:00:31
10:13:19 Arabidopsis and Phelipanche Ramosa (3 shots) 00:00:16
10:13:36 Soundbite by Nasr Eldin Mohemed Ahmed Mohamed, external employee at the Laboratory of Plant Physiology of the University of Wageningen, (in ENGLISH): This is a sorghum plant, un-infected with parasitic plant Striga, and this Sorghum is infected with parasitic plant Striga Hermonthica. (2 shots) 00:00:19
10:13:56 PhD students taking cabbage from pot and showing how P. ramosa is attached to the cabbage roots, affecting the development of the host plant (6 shots) 00:00:36
10:14:32 Iris Kappers, researcher at the Laboratory of Plant Physiology of the University of Wageningen, entering the lab 00:00:10
10:14:43 Iris Kappers starting GC-MS (11 shots) 00:01:12
10:15:55 Plant Physiology Laboratory sign 00:00:05
10:16:00 Iris Kappers in the lab (3 shots) 00:00:25
10:16:26 Screen shots: progression of chromatogram 00:00:16
10:16:43 Harro Bouwmeester joins Iris Kappers to analyse the results of the experiment (3 shots) 00:00:23
10:17:07 RADIOPAST Establishing shot: Landscape of Potenza Picena, near Porto Recanati, Italy. In order to develop non-invasive approaches to investigate, interpret, visualize and valorize complex archaeological sites, the European funded project RADIO-PAST (acronym for "Radiography of the Past. Integrated non-destructive approaches to understand and valorise complex archaeological sites") selected the site of Ammaia, a deserted Roman town in Portugal, as an "open laboratory" for an intensive four year (2009-2013) field research. Here innovative approaches ranging from field archaeology to geomorphology, from remote sensing to geophysical survey, from ICTs to cultural heritage management, have lead to an exemplary study of a lost Roman town. The investigation has been connected to several sites of reference in Southern Europe. The Radio-Past consortium comprises seven academic institutions and private enterprises: University of Évora (Portugal), University of Ghent (Belgium), University of Ljubljana (Slovenia), The British School at Rome (Italy), Media Agency 7Reasons (Austria), Past2Present (Netherlands) and Eastern Atlas (Germany). 00:00:05
10:17:12 Archaeologists and students at work, Potenza Picena city in background 00:00:05
10:17:17 Students with Morgan De Dapper, Professor of Physical Geography and Head of the Research Unit Physical Geography at the University of Ghent, working at coring hole. INFO: Professor Frank Vermeulen, Professor in Roman Archaeology and Archaeological Methodology at the University of Ghent, is the scientist in charge of the project 00:00:05
10:17:22 Extraction of a probe (5 shots) 00:00:31
10:17:54 Recovery of sedimentary material 00:00:07
10:18:01 Laying down sediment (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:18:13 Students listening to Morgan De Dapper describing and evaluating the material found (4 shots) 00:00:23
10:18:36 Student placing poles for radar measurements, starting to pull the GPR device attached to a small tractor. INFO: Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) is a geophysical method that uses radar pulses to image the subsurface. This non-destructive method uses electromagnetic radiation in the microwave band (UHF/VHF frequencies) of the radio spectrum, and detects the reflected signals from subsurface structures. 00:00:12
10:18:49 Ground Penetrating Radar measurements with group of students in the foreground 00:00:09
10:18:59 Leica Robotic Total Station following Ground Penetrating Radar 00:00:07
10:19:07 Camera on the GPR device 00:00:05
10:19:12 Close up of Leica Robotic Total Station following Ground Penetrating Radar 00:00:05
10:19:18 Establishing shot: Ricina village archaeological site, Italy 00:00:05
10:19:23 Pan from field to an archaeologist setting up the magnetometer mounted on a handcart 00:00:13
10:19:37 Archaeologist configuring computer (2 shots) 00:00:23
10:20:00 Archaeologists starting survey, pulling the handcart over the field (2 shots) 00:00:17
10:20:18 Camera on the handcart 00:00:05
10:20:24 Close up of female archaeologist pulling the handcart 00:00:05
10:20:29 Technician and archaeologist checking the results on the computer monitor 00:00:08
10:20:38 Young archaeologist entering professor's office, discussing Ground Penetrating Radar daily results (3 shots) 00:00:22
10:21:00 Laptop screen showing evidence of ancient foundations 00:00:09
10:21:10 "Cidade Romana de Ammaia" sign (Ammaia Roman City), Portugal 00:00:05
10:21:15 3D animation showing the location of the Ammaia Roman City in Portugal. INFO: 3D animations provided by 7reasons Medien GmbH. 00:00:19
10:21:34 General view of Ammaia from Marvão castle 00:00:05
10:21:40 Porta Sul (Southern Gate) exterior ruins 00:00:05
10:21:45 Group of archaeologists monitoring the ruins 00:00:10
10:21:55 Archaeologists at work, among whom Cristina Corsi, University of Évora/University of Cassino, coordinator of the Radio-Past project (6 shots) 00:00:32
10:22:28 Close up of a cylinder stone, a column drum 00:00:05
10:22:33 Ruins of an ancient temple 00:00:15
10:22:49 3D animation showing how results from archaeological work with non-invasive techniques can lead to the modelling of an ancient temple 00:00:19
10:23:09 Ammaia museum building (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:23:20 Inside the laboratory: researcher studying samples preserved in wax (4 shots) 00:00:34
10:23:54 A researcher examining and testing a sample with water mixed with sodium (4 shots) 00:00:24
10:24:18 Researcher using a microscope to examine a rusty nail found in the ruins (3 shots) 00:00:20
10:24:39 Researcher cleaning up a piece of rusted metal (3 shots) 00:00:20
10:25:00 Tourist, in the museum, taking a virtual visit of the Roman town of Ammaia on a laptop (5 shots) 00:00:23
10:25:24 3D animation of the Roman town of Ammaia, Portugal 00:00:23
10:25:47 EUROPEAN CRISIS MANAGEMENT LABORATORY (2 shots) The European Crisis Management Laboratory (ECML), equipped with state-of-the-art information technologies, has developed and tested integrated systems which provide a dynamic situational awareness for crisis and disaster preparedness and response on any location or issue or event around the world. A concrete example of such systems is the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS), a web-based platform developed together with the United Nations. It alerts governments, rescue services, civil protection and humanitarian organisations in case of disasters - earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding - and helps minimise loss through better coordination of international response. The JRC is involved not only in the emergency phase of the crisis management cycle, but also in the process of planning recovery and reconstruction after a disaster. For example, following the Haiti earthquake in January 2010, rapid damage assessment, based on analysis of pre-earthquake satellite data and post-earthquake aerial images, ensured concentration of relief efforts in areas that were most affected. The comprehensive building damage atlas issued consequently together with the United Nations and the World Bank, provided the evidence base for the mobilisation of resources to finance the recovery and reconstruction. 00:00:12
10:26:00 Researchers on the EC Joint Research Centre campus (3 shots) 00:00:18
10:26:19 Outdoor display: "Tsunami Alerting Device" 00:00:07
10:26:26 Tom de Groeve, Scientific/Technical Project Manager at the Global Security and Crisis Management Unit of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the EC, entering the European Crisis Management Laboratory building 00:00:06
10:26:32 "European Crisis Management Laboratory" sign 00:00:04
10:26:36 Control room, giant screen displaying various data and maps on present events. INFO: The European Crisis Management Laboratory is equipped with a 5 x 2.2 m large video wall that can be fed by several video and/or audio sources. It is also fitted with a video conference system, A0 plotter, printer, several computers, wireless. 00:00:13
10:26:49 Information on top of the giant screen: "Global disaster monitoring, early warning and alerting - The JRC alerting system for the worldwide humanitarian community" 00:00:11
10:27:01 Researchers at work 00:00:11
10:27:12 On screen animation showing a map with the 2011 tsunami wave propagation on the coast of Japan 00:00:11
10:27:24 Two researchers talking over a map showing a storm approaching Vietnam (3 shots) 00:00:28
10:27:52 Researcher at the touch screen table, searching for maps and documents about Mallorca forest fire (5 shots) 00:00:33
10:28:25 Researcher working on computer with poster indicating "Supporting Europe 2020 - Science for global disaster response" in the background (2 shots) 00:00:12
10:28:37 Team in meeting room, researcher giving a briefing on the map - storm approaching mainland China (3 shots) 00:00:30
10:29:08 ELSA Building hosting the ELSA facilities, in Ispra, Italy (2 shots). The European Laboratory for Structural Assessment (ELSA) Unit is part of the Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC) located at the Ispra (Italy) site of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission. The mission of ELSA is to provide research and contribute to European Standards harmonization in construction, perform vulnerability assessment of buildings and civil infrastructures for risk mitigation and develop appropriate methodologies through integrated use of experimental testing and numerical modelling in Structural Mechanics. The experiment pictured in these stock shots are conducted by JRC engineers at the ELSA reaction wall laboratory within the framework of EU funded SERIES project. This particular test was part of the RETRO project, which aims to assess the performance of existing bridges during an earthquake. The results will help determine if the bridges have to be modified in order to resist an earthquake and to propose solutions to "retrofit" the existing structures using seismic isolators. 00:00:10
10:29:18 Visitor putting on a security helmet with poster saying "Supporting Europe 2020 - Science for safer construction - European Laboratory for Structural Assessment" in the background 00:00:09
10:29:28 Corridor with poster "European Laboratory for Structural Assessment ", technician entering the laboratory 00:00:11
10:29:39 Very wide shot of the lab with bridge piers in the foreground. INFO: The bridge piers are prototypes (scale 1:2,5) representing piers of an existing bridge in Italy, built in the late 50's. The highest piers is 11.5 m high. 00:00:05
10:29:45 Pan from top of the piers to the experiment area. The view is taken 14m from the floor. 00:00:15
10:30:00 Engineers replacing a servovalve on the actuation system loading the isolators vertically (3 shots) 00:00:24
10:30:24 Pierre Pegon, Scientific/Technical Project Officer at the European Laboratory for Structural Assessment of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the EC, supervising the operation 00:00:05
10:30:29 Engineer starting the pumps that will allow loading of the isolators (3 shots) 00:00:19
10:30:48 Accelerated shot: Hydraulic actuators imposing a vertical force of 450 K/Newton (approx. 45 T) on the isolators, representing the weight of the bridge deck 00:00:05
10:30:54 Close up of the load cells mounted on the vertical actuators (they are used to control the vertical load) 00:00:05
10:30:59 Engineers starting and controlling the experiment (9 shots) 00:00:50
10:31:49 Pierre Pegon checking the experiment on the isolators 00:00:04
10:31:54 Hydraulic actuators imposing a cyclic horizontal force of 200 K/Newton (approx. 20 T) on the isolators, mimicking the effect of an earthquake, friction noise. INFO: an isolator is a device that will absorb the lateral shocks on top of the piers without communicating the motion to the deck of the bridge. 00:00:07
10:32:02 Top shot from the piers to the experiment area 00:00:13
10:32:15 Close up of the isolator under pressure with friction noise 00:00:09
10:32:25 Graphic showing the response of the isolator during the test 00:00:08
10:32:33 Accelerated (time-lapse) shot: Another concrete structure being pulled into the ELSA facilities (Serfin test, 2012, credit to JRC Audiovisual). INFO: Many similar concrete frame buildings were constructed in 1960's and 70's in southern Europe. Our research demonstrates an effective method to significantly increase the safety margin of such buildings in areas of high seismic risk. 00:00:06
10:32:40 Accelerated shots, split screen: Earthquake test on a 4-storey concrete building frame retrofitted with a reinforced concrete wall at the central bay (Serfin test, 2012, credits to JRC Audiovisual) (2 shots) 00:00:20
10:33:01 Accelerated shot: detail of the bottom of the structure, cracks appearing in the concrete structure. 00:00:09
10:33:11 Copyright 00:00:07
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