EU : Animal welfare - EU Directive on Sow Stalls - 2013

Type: Stockshots [short]   Reference: I-076182   Duration: 10:08:18  Lieu:
End production: 19/02/2013
On 21 February 2013, the European Commission, via a letter of formal notice, called on Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Poland and Portugal to take action to address deficiencies in the implementation of EU legislation concerning the welfare of animals, and specifically to implement Directive 2008/120/EC which requires that sows are kept in groups during part of their pregnancy. The political decision to switch from individual sow stalls to group housing was taken in 2001. Member States have had twelve years to ensure a smooth transition to the new system and to implement the Directive. However, so far, and despite repeated calls by the Commission, the above mentioned Member States have failed to adequately comply with EU law. In order to improve their welfare, Directive 2008/120/EC requires that, as from 1 January 2013, pregnant sows are kept in groups instead of individual stalls during part of their pregnancy. Member States who do not fulfil their legal obligations in this area undermine animal welfare and cause market distortions to the detriment of businesses that have invested for complying with this requirement. Following the step taken on 21 February 2013 by the Commission, the concerned Member States have two months to respond to the letter of formal notice. If they fail to react in a satisfactory manner, the Commission will send a "Reasoned Opinion" requesting that they take the necessary measures to comply with the Directive within two months.

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TIME DESCRIPTION DURATION
10:00:00 Credits and title 00:00:20
10:00:20 1. Individual Housing 00:03:07
10:00:20 Title 00:00:05
10:00:25 Exterior of the farm (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:00:35 General views of sows in classical stalls with individual closed cages (4 shots) From 0/01/2013 all holdings must keep sows and gilts (young sows) in groups starting from four weeks post service to one week prior to farrowing, provide permanent access to manipulable material and sufficient quantity of bulky or high-fibre food as well as high-energy food. The use of tethers for sows is banned since 01/01/2006. 00:00:26
10:01:01 Veterinary form 00:00:05
10:01:06 General view of the automatic feeders 00:00:05
10:01:11 Farmer cleaning the stall (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:01:21 Medium shot of the automatic feeder. Sows are fed once a day. 00:00:05
10:01:26 Close-up of the feeder 00:00:05
10:01:31 General view of sows in individual closed cages 00:00:05
10:01:36 Medium view of the automatic feeders 00:00:05
10:01:41 Close-up of an automatic feeder 00:00:05
10:01:46 General views of sows in individual closed cages (2 shots) 00:00:08
10:01:55 Close ups of a sow (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:02:05 General view of sows in individual closed cages 00:00:09
10:02:14 Medium view of automatic feeders 00:00:05
10:02:19 General views of sows in individual closed cages (3 shots) 00:00:19
10:02:39 Corridor in the farrowing house 00:00:05
10:02:44 Sow in a farrowing crate in the farrowing house, feeding her piglets (50% PIC, 50% Belgian Piétrain). Farrowing crates were designed to restrict the sow's movement and reduce the risk of her accidentally crushing her piglets. 00:00:05
10:02:49 Piglets suckling (50% PIC, 50% Blegian Piétrain) (3 shots) 00:00:19
10:03:08 General view of the nursery (2 shots) 00:00:13
10:03:22 Piglets feeding 00:00:05
10:03:27 2. Group Housing (free-to-move) 00:01:15
10:03:27 Title From 01/01/2013, all holdings must keep sows and gilts (young sows) in groups starting from four weeks post service to one week prior to farrowing, provide permanent access to manipulable material and sufficient quantity of bulky or high-fibre food as well as high-energy food. All holdings should already comply with the general provisions for rearing pigs. 00:00:05
10:03:32 Exterior view of the farm (3 shots) 00:00:15
10:03:47 General views of the group housing with opened individual cages and a permanent accessible corridor for the sows (PIC sow, closed herd multiplication) (2 shots) 00:00:16
10:04:03 Sow moving about in the corridor of the stall 00:00:05
10:04:08 Sow moving about in her cage 00:00:07
10:04:16 Sow leaving her cage 00:00:11
10:04:27 Sow moving about in the corridor of her stall 00:00:05
10:04:32 Sow drinking and feeding (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:04:42 3. Group Housing (small groups on concrete) 00:00:39
10:04:42 Title 00:00:05
10:04:47 Exterior view of the farm 00:00:09
10:04:56 General view of the sows' (PIC sow, closed herd mutiplication) group housing 00:00:05
10:05:01 Sows laying down 00:00:05
10:05:06 Sow feeding 00:00:05
10:05:11 Close-up of a sow feeding 00:00:05
10:05:16 Sows sleeping 00:00:05
10:05:21 4. Group Housing (on straw) 00:03:03
10:05:21 Title Pigs should have permanent access to sufficient quantity of material to enable proper investigation and manipulation activities, such as straw, hay, wood, sawdust, mushroom compost, peat or a mixture of such, which does not compromise the health of the animals. 00:00:04
10:05:26 Wide shot of the group housing corridor being cleaned 00:00:05
10:05:31 Sows (PIC sow, closed herd multiplication) sleeping and moving about on the straw 00:00:05
10:05:36 Sows sleeping 00:00:05
10:05:42 Sows sleeping and moving about on the straw 00:00:05
10:05:47 Sow's ear with electronic badge The badge gives complete individual control over feeding of each animal in the system. The amount of feed is weighed and this figure is entered into the computer which automatically corrects the next delivery. 00:00:05
10:05:52 Close-up of a sow 00:00:05
10:05:57 Close up of a sow on the straw 00:00:05
10:06:02 Sows moving about in the stalls 00:00:09
10:06:11 Farmer checking sows (3 shots) 00:00:17
10:06:28 Sows moving about in the stall 00:00:05
10:06:33 General shots of sows moving about and feeding in the stall (4 shots) 00:00:29
10:07:02 Close-up of a sow using an automatic feeder 00:00:05
10:07:07 Farmer tending a sick sow in an isolated cage 00:00:06
10:07:14 Sow in a farrowing cage in the farrowing house feeding her piglets (50% PIC, 50% Belgian Piétrain) 00:00:05
10:07:19 Piglets feeding 00:00:05
10:07:24 Heated floor for small piglets and an extra heat-lamp for the first days after birth 00:00:05
10:07:29 New-born piglet under an extra heat-lamp 00:00:05
10:07:34 Piglets lying down on the heated floor 00:00:03
10:07:38 Piglets suckling (5 shots) 00:00:25
10:08:03 Sows with their piglets 00:00:05
10:08:08 Close-up of piglets 00:00:05
10:08:13 Piglet in the farrowing house 00:00:05
10:08:18 Copyright 00:00:06
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