Energies renouvelables de l'UE
Type: Archives [longues]
Allemagne,Royaume-Uni,Kalundborg,Fuentes de Andalucía,Danemark,Abadín
"On 31 January and 1st February 2013, R20 Conference took place in Vienna. The conference aimed to demonstrate, through concrete examples, that the transformation of the energy system at sub-national level is an essential step towards the green economy paradigm shift. Arnold Schwarzenegger, former Governor of California and Founding Chair of the "R20 Regions of Climate Action", along with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the Assembly of European Regions and the Nobel Sustainability Trust organised the R20.
José Manuel Barroso, President of the EC, took also part in the meeting.
The objective of this conference is to point out the role of sub national governments in reaching the goals of both the "United Nations Sustainable Energy for All" campaign and the "European Union’s climate and Energy package". The conference highlighted the R20 coalition of partners’ approach for a sustainable renewable energy future. In this regard, the Audiovisual Service of the EU produced a stockshot illustrating different sustainable energy projects across Europe such as wind energy offshore, windfarms, solar energy and bio-ethanol plant. "
La version linguistique originale est la seule faisant foi et elle prime en cas de divergence avec les versions traduites.
||Credits and title
||Wind Energy Off-Shore - Anholt, Denmark. Dong energy is to build Denmark's next large-scale offshore wind farm between Djursland and the island of Anholt in the Kattegat. Anholt Offshore Wind farm will be Denmark's largest offshore wind farm with a total capacity of 400mW. The wind farm will be able to supply more than 400,000 Danish households with CO2-free power every year. This corresponds to 4% of the overall Danish power consumption. The wind farm will be constructed by means of a number of special-purpose vessels designed to handle offshore installation. First, the foundation is built. The foundation consists of a round steel pipe, a monopile with a diameter of approximately 5 metres. a large hydraulic hammer mounted on the installation vessel, Svanen, drives the steel pipe approximately 20-30 metres into the seabed, and a so-called transition piece will be cast onto the monopile. For navigation safety reasons, the transition piece is painted yellow. The wind turbines will then be connected to Energinet.dk's offshore substation via cables laid under the sea. Energinet.dk is constructing the transformer platform and responsible for the export cable and the connection to the national grid at Trige.
||Wind Energy Off-Shore - Walney Offshore Windfarms, Irish Sea, UK. During the years 2010 and 2011, the Walney (UK) Offshore Windfarms Ltd. has constructed the Walney 1 and Walney 2 offshore wind farms, located approximately 15km off Walney Island, Cumbria, in the Irish Sea. Entering into commercial operation at the beginning of 2012, the Walney 1 and Walney 2 offshore wind farms were the world's largest offshore wind farms ever installed with a total capacity of 367.2MW. Walney 1 and Walney 2 both comprise 51 turbines with a total capacity of 367.2MW. The development includes foundations, turbines, export and array cables, offshore substations and onshore connection to grid. Due to their scale, the Walney offshore wind farms will contribute significantly to a low-carbon future. They will help the UK achieve its target of reducing CO2 emissions by providing clean electricity now and in the future for approximately 320,000 UK households, ie one and a half times the number of households in Cumbria. Constructed sequentially With DONG Energy as the leading partner in the construction, the Walney offshore wind farms have been constructed according to the multi-contract principle, working in close cooperation with all the contractors and suppliers. At the same time, the project has optimised the installation time through parallel installation. Crane barges, jack-up vessels and tugs worked out of ports in the East Irish Sea area, primarily Barrow and Mostyn harbours.
||Wind Energy Inland - Germany. E-126 onshore wind farm Neubukow, Germany The German company ENERCON manufactures one 7.5 MW E-126 onshore turbine a month. This number will expand gradually to meet growing international demand. The ENERCON E-126 is the world's most powerful wind turbine model built to date. With a hub height of 135 m, rotor diameter of 126m and a total height of 198m, the E-126 can generate up to 7.5 Megawatts nominal power. The E-126 incorporates state of the art power electronics, as such offering real grid stabilising capabilities. ENERCON wind energy converters do not have permanent magnets, so avoiding rare earth mining. The weight of the foundation of the turbine tower is about 2,500 t, the tower itself 2,800 t, the machine housing 128 t, the generator 220 t, the rotor (including the blade) 364 t. The total weight is about 6,000 t. About Neubukow wind farm: ENERCON has erected an E-126 at Neubukow wind farm (Mecklenburg-West Pomerania). The machine complements an existing wind farm with various wind turbines. The site near the coast of the Baltic Sea offers excellent wind conditions so for the E-126 an annular yield of approx. 20 million kWh is expected. This would be enough to provide more than 18,000 people with environmentally-friendly electricity. (I-074167, 09/2012)
||Wind Energy Inland - Abadín, Spain. Around the small town of Abadín in North-West Spain, various Wind Parks have been built over the past 10 years. The first windmills had a power of approximately 750 ? 850 Kv. The newest ones develop a 2 MW-3 MW power.
||Bio Energy - Kalundborg, Denmark. The KACELLE Project / Kalundborg bio-ethanol demonstration plant. The project demonstrates on an industrial scale second generation bioethanol production. More than 10 years of development in the technology area were required for this plant. It aims to more than double the capacity of the plant from state-of-the-art 4t/hr to 10-12t/hr biomass-to-ethanol production. The project covers also end-use in e.g. car fleets. The project is supported by the EU's 7th Framework Programme with EUR 9.1 million. The project leader is DONG Energy The Kalundborg demonstation shows that second-generation technology can be applied on a large scale, i.e. that large-scale production of ethanol from straw is possible. The Kalundborg plant also demonstrates energy integration with a power station. Steam from the power plant will cook the straw, and residual biofuel from the ethanol plant will be burned by the power plant. Since the cellulosic ethanol plant produces more energy than it consumes to convert the biomass, the end result is an energy surplus that brings down the cost for both plants and demonstrates the efficiency and financial viability of the Inbicon process.
||Solar Energy - Fuentes de Andalucía, Spain. Solar Energy in the European Union is obtained from photovoltaic and solar thermal energy. During 2010, the European solar thermal industry produced 17.3 TWh, annual turnover 2.6 billion euro and employed 33,500 persons (1 job for every 80 kW new capacity). Turnover is concentrated in local small and medium businesses. Europe contains nine of the largest 15 solar markets in the world. In 2011, new European photovoltaic installations amounted to 20.9 GW, over 75% of the global total (27.7 GW). CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) is a technology which produces electricity by concentrating solar energy in a single focal point. This concentrated energy is then used to heat up a fluid, produce steam and activate turbines that produce electricity. The focusing of solar power can be achieved through different techniques such as parabolic trough, parabolic dish or power tower systems. CSP can also provide combined heat and power, particularly in desalinisation plants. CSP installations are particularly present in countries of Southern Europe, including Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, Malta and Cyprus. The total installed capacity by the end of 2012 is expected to up to 4GW. In the EU, after about a decade of low development, the concentrated solar thermal power sector is now expanding, notably due to a favourable supporting framework in Spain. (I-074166, 09/2012)