The EP and the Construction of Europe (part 5)

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On September 3rd 1939, Nazi Germany rejects the Allied ultimatum. France, UK, along with India, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand, declare war on Germany. Germany's official surrender is signed on May 7th 1945. The conflict is brought to an end. On 18 April 1951, in Paris, Robert Schuman for France, Konrad Adenauer for Germany, Paul van Zeeland and Joseph Meurice for Belgium, Count Carlo Sforza for Italy, Joseph Bech for Luxembourg and Dirk Stikker and Jan van den Brink for the Netherlands sign the Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). On 25 March 1957 on the Capitoline Hill in Rome, the representatives of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands sign the Treaties of Rome consisting of the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom). The treaties come into effect on 1 January 1958. On 30 March 1962 European Parliamentary Assembly changes its name to 'European Parliament'. On 1 January 1973, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom join the European Communities, bringing the number of members to nine. Greek EC membership obtained in 1981. On 1 January 1986, Spain and Portugal join the European Economic Community, which thereafter becomes the ‘Europe of the Twelve’. The Maastricht Treaty, formally the Treaty of the European Union (TEU), is agreed and signed by the states in Maastricht on 7 February 1992. The Treaty enters into force on 1 November 1993. The new European dynamism and the continent's changing geopolitics lead to the accession of three more countries - Austria, Finland and Sweden - on 1 January 1995. The Europe of Fifteen is born. The Amsterdam Treaty comes into force on 1 May 1999. The European Commission's Strategic Report of October 9 2002 recommended 10 candidate countries for inclusion in the EU: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Malta, and Cyprus in 2004. On 29 October 2004, the Heads of State or Government of the 25 Member States and the 3 candidate countries signed the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. The people of France and the Netherlands rejected the text of the Constitution on 29 May and 1 June respectively.
Part 1: From World War II to the ECSC
Part 2: From the Treaty of Rome to the first European elections
Part 3: From the first European elections to the Treaty of Maastricht
Part 4: From the Treaty of Maastricht to the last enlargements
Part 5: From the last enlargements to the European Constitution

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00:00:00 Title: From World War II to the Council of Europe 00:00:05
00:00:05 The World War II (1940-1945) 00:00:18
00:00:23 Liberation: scenes from Alsace 00:00:21
00:00:44 Various European cities in the aftermath (1945) 00:00:27
00:01:11 Reconstruction 00:00:35
00:01:46 Demonstrations in favour of a federalist Europe (1947-1949) 00:01:04
00:02:50 The Hague Congress - Speech of Winston Churchill (7-11 May 1948) 00:00:49
00:03:39 Signature of the Statue of the Council of Europe (London, 5 May 1949) 00:00:32
00:04:11 First session of the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe (Strasbourg, 8-10 August 1949) 00:00:46
00:04:57 Title:The Common Assembly of European Coal and Steel Community. 00:00:05
00:05:02 Schuman declaration (Paris, 09 May 1950) 00:00:17
00:05:19 Treaty of Paris (18 April 1951) 00:00:27
00:05:46 Session of the Common Assembly of the ECSC under the presidency of the Belgian, Paul-Henri SPAAK (Strasbourg, 1952) 00:00:52
00:06:38 Jean Monnet, first President of the High Authority, in front of the Assembly 00:00:02
00:06:40 Coalmine and steelworks 00:00:50
00:07:30 Session of the Common Assembly of the ECSC under the presidency of the Italian, Giuseppe Pella (Strasbourg 1955) 00:00:24
00:07:54 Title:From the Treaty of Rome to the first European Elections (1958-1979) 00:00:05
00:07:59 Treaty of Rome (25 March 1957) 00:01:08
00:09:07 The first meeting of the European Parliamentary Assembly, Robert Schuman is elected President (19 March 1958) 00:00:14
00:09:21 Statement by the President Robert Schuman on the 1st anniversary of the European Parliamentary Assembly (Brussels - 1958) 00:00:14
00:09:35 10th anniversary of the European Parliamentary Assembly - Statement of the President of the Commission on the "Empty-chair" crisis (Strasbourg, 1968) 00:01:22
00:10:57 The European Parliament in the 70s - Removal of the canteens from Luxembourg to Strasbourg 00:01:30
00:12:27 EEC Enlargement to Ireland, Denmark and UK - signature of Accession treaties to the European Communities (22 January 1972) 00:00:38
00:13:05 Arrivals of the Irish, Danish and English members in the European Parliament (Strasbourg, January 1973) 00:00:50
00:13:55 First ACP Assembly (Luxembourg, 1 June 1976) 00:00:43
00:14:38 European Parliament adopts the Patijn's report on the Convention establishing European elections by direct universal suffrage (Luxembourg, 14 January 1975) 00:00:45
00:15:23 The "Maison de l'Europe" is demolished - Building site of the "Palais de l'Europe" 00:00:26
00:15:49 Inaugural ceremony of the "Palais de l'Europe" in presence of Valery Giscard d'Estaing, President of the French Republic, Roy Jenkins, President of the Commission and Georges Spenale, President of the European Parliament (Strasbourg, January 1977) 00:01:06
00:16:55 Title:From direct election to the Treaty of Maastricht (1979-1992) 00:00:05
00:17:00 TV ad to promote the European elections of 1979 00:00:15
00:17:15 Posters 00:00:38
00:17:53 European elections in the Netherlands 00:00:11
00:18:04 European elections in United Kingdom (7 June 1979 00:00:07
00:18:11 European elections in Luxembourg (10 June 1979) 00:00:18
00:18:29 European elections in Ireland 00:00:15
00:18:44 European elections in France (10 June 1979) 00:00:45
00:19:29 European elections in Belgium (June 1979) 00:00:28
00:19:57 First session of the directly-elected European Parliament - Election of Simon Veil as President of the EP 00:00:04
00:20:01 Opening of the inaugural session by the most senior member, Louise Weiss 00:00:11
00:20:12 Votes for the Presidency of the European Parliament (Chirac, Pflimlin) 00:00:23
00:20:35 Election of Simone Veil, President of the European parliament 00:00:51
00:21:26 The European Parliament rejects the 1980 Community Budget by a majority of 288 votes against 64, with one abstention. 00:00:49
00:22:15 EEC Enlargement to Greece: the Greek flag is hoisted in front of the Berlaymont (Brussels, 1 January 1981) 00:00:08
00:22:23 Speech of Mr Konstantinos Karamanlis before the European Parliament (Strasbourg, 16 December 1983) 00:00:40
00:23:03 Formal sitting : address by the President of Egypt, Sadate 00:00:53
00:23:56 Margaret Thatcher is the first President of the Council to present her report before the European Parliament 00:00:57
00:24:53 Altiero Spinelli presents the Committee on Constitutional Affairs' report on a draft Treaty establishing the European Union.- Vote and adoption of the report (Strasbourg, 14 February 1984) 00:01:33
00:26:26 Second direct elections to the EP (14-17 June 1984) - Posters 00:01:14
00:27:40 The new European Commission, chaired by Jacques Delors, comes into functioning - First speech of Delors before the EP (Strasbourg, 7 January 1985) 00:00:52
00:28:32 Formal sitting : address by Ronald Reagan, President of the United States of America in commemoration of the anniversary of the end of World War II (Strasbourg, 8 May 1985) 00:00:55
00:29:27 The European flag is hoisted for the first time in front of the Berlaymont. Statement by Pierre Pflimlin, President of the European Parliament (Brussels, 29 May 1986) 00:00:45
00:30:12 EEC Enlargement to Spain and Portugal - Welcome ceremony by EP President, Pierre Pflimlin - Arrivals of new MEPs (Strasbourg, January 1986) 00:00:57
00:31:09 Formal sitting : address by the King of Spain Juan Carlos (Strasbourg, 14 May 1986) 00:00:28
00:31:37 Formal sitting : address by Mario Soares, President of the Republic of Portugal (9 July 1986) 00:00:32
00:32:09 Formal sitting : address by John-Paul II, (Strasbourg, 11 October 1988) 00:00:41
00:32:50 The European Parliament awards the first Sakharov Prize to Nelson Mandela and Anatoli Marchenko (1988) - Lord Plumb, EP President, hands the Prize in to Mandela's grandson 00:00:29
00:33:19 Third direct elections to the EP (June 1989) - TV ad and atmosphere in the press room of the European Parliament 00:00:52
00:34:11 The Fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of authoritarian regimes in East Europe (1989-1990) 00:00:29
00:34:40 Visit of Lech Walesa, President of the Republic of Poland, to the EP (Brussels, 4 April 1991) 00:00:39
00:35:19 Visit of Alexander Dubcek, Slovakian dissident and Sakharov Prize winner in 1989, to the EP (Strasbourg, 17 January 1990) 00:00:39
00:35:58 Visit of Vaclav Havel, President of the Check Republic, to the EP (Strasbourg, 20 March 1991) 00:00:33
00:36:31 Visit of Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia, to the EP - Meeting with Baron Crespo, EP President and the Committee on Foreign Affairs 00:01:05
00:37:36 Title:From the Treaty of Maastricht to the Enlargement and the Constitution 00:00:05
00:37:41 Signature of the Treaty Maastricht on the European Union -Egon Klepsh is the first President of the European Parliament to take part in the European Council meeting of the Heads of State and Government 00:01:22
00:39:03 Building site of the new European Parliament building in Brussels 00:00:36
00:39:39 Inauguration of the new chamber of the European Parliament in Brussels by King Albert II, and Gil-Robles, President of the EP 00:00:24
00:40:03 Third direct elections to the EP (June 1994) - TV advert designed by Folon; votes 00:00:57
00:41:00 EU Enlargement to Austria, Finland and Sweden: welcome ceremony by EP President Klaus Hänsch - arrival of the new Members (Strasbourg, 16 January 1995) 00:01:22
00:42:22 Last speech of François Mitterrand, the President of France, in front of the European Parliament in the occasion of the French Presidency (Strasbourg, 19 January 1995) 00:00:42
00:43:04 Hearings of the Commissioners Designate of Jacques Santer's Commission in front of European Parliament 00:00:43
00:43:47 European Parliament's approval of Jacques Santer's Commission 00:00:40
00:44:27 BSE crisis (1996) 00:00:18
00:44:45 The European Parliament sets up an investigation committee to uncover possible omissions in the BSE crisis. 00:01:08
00:45:53 The European Parliament votes its final position on the IGC works (Strasbourg, 13 March 1996) 00:00:23
00:46:16 Signature of the Treaty of Amsterdam (Amsterdam, 2 October 1997) 00:00:29
00:46:45 The European Parliament votes its approval to the Single Currency (Brussels, 2 May 1998)In presence of Mr Brown, President-in-office of the Council, Mr Santer, Commission President, Mr Von Wogau, Chairman of the Committee on Economic, Monetary and Industry policy and rapporteur, and Mrs Randzio Plath, Chairwoman of the Monetary Sub-committee, the EP President Gil Robles signs the transmission letter of EP approval on the Single Currency. 00:01:17
00:48:02 Speeches by Commissioners in front of the EP : Santer, Cresson, Marin (Brussels, January 1999) 00:00:31
00:48:33 Establishing the Commission of Independent Experts due to reply to EP's allegations of fraud and corruption against Santer's Commission 00:00:24
00:48:57 Publication of the report prepared by the Commission of Independent Experts' 00:00:57
00:49:54 Collegial dismissing of the European Commission (Brussels, 16 March 1999) 00:00:27
00:50:21 5th direct elections to the EP (June 1999) : TV ad 00:00:21
00:50:42 Building site of the new European Parliament building in Strasbourg 00:00:29
00:51:11 Inauguration of the new Chamber of the European Parliament in Strasbourg by Jacques Chirac, President of the French Republic, and Nicole Fontaine, President of the EP (Strasbourg, 14 December 1999) 00:00:57
00:52:08 Poster of the Charter of Fundamental Rights 00:00:14
00:52:22 EP delegation to the IGC 00:00:34
00:52:56 Signing of the Charter of Fundamental Rights by the three Presidents of the European Institutions (Nicole Fontaine, Romano Prodi and Hubert Verdrine) (Nice, 7-8 December 2000) 00:00:32
00:53:28 Inauguration of the European Convention on the Future of Europe (Brussels, 28 February 2002) 00:00:23
00:53:51 EP delegation to the Convention on the future of Europe : group photo 00:00:13
00:54:04 Debate of the Convention on the Future of Europe 00:00:29
00:54:33 Valéry GISCARD d'ESTAING presents the European Constitution draft to Prime Minister Kostas SIMITIS (Thessaloniki, 20 June 2003) 00:00:16
00:54:49 Closing ceremony of the European Convention on the Future of Europe (Brussels, 10 July 2003) - Speech of Valery Giscard d'Estaing, President of the Convention 00:00:59
00:55:48 European Parliament's approval to the fifth enlargement of the European Union (Strasbourg, 9 April 2003) 00:01:01
00:56:49 Arrival of observers from Candidate Countries to the European Parliament (Strasbourg, Brussels, May 2003) 00:00:50
00:57:39 Ceremony of the EU Enlargement to 25 (Strasbourg, 3 May 2004) - Speech of Pat CoxNew Member States' flags are hoisted in front of the European ParliamentSpeech of Lech WalesaThe new Members in the Chamber 00:00:59
00:58:38 6th direct elections to the EP (10-13 June 2004) : Jingle 00:00:12
00:58:50 Signing Ceremony Constitutional Treaty, Rome, 29th October 2004 10:00:56
10:59:46 The text of the EU Constitution 00:00:31
11:00:17 Vote of the European Parliament on the EU Constitution 00:01:25
11:01:42 Spanish referendum on the EU Constitution - Campaign and results 00:00:50
11:02:32 Statement by EP President Josep BORRELL on his satisfaction for the Spanish referendum outcome 00:00:24
11:02:56 French referendum on the EU Constitution - Campaign and votes 00:00:49
11:03:45 EP President Josep BORRELL : "We have to continue the process of ratification" 00:00:09
11:03:54 Dutch referendum on the EU Constitution - campaign, ambience shots 00:00:30
11:04:24 Luxembourg referendum on the EU Constitution 00:01:02
11:05:26 January, 15th: arrival of new members from Romania and Bulgaria, ceremony 00:01:39
11:07:05 The president of the EP welcomes new members 00:00:31
11:07:36 Berlin declaration 00:00:00
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