The EP and the Construction of Europe: part 3 (From the first European elections to the Treaty of Maastricht)

Type: Stockshots [short]   Référence: I075536   Durée: 20:40  Lieu: Brussels - EP,Strasbourg - EP,Brussels - EC/Berlaymont,Strasbourg,Netherlands,France,United Kingdom,Ireland,Luxembourg [town],Belgium
What role has the European Parliament played at some key dates in European history? This stockshot traces the milestones of European construction since the Parliament's point of view.

Part 3: From the first European elections to the Treaty of Maastricht
The first direct elections to the EP are a milestone in the European Community's history. From then on, by allowing direct participation of European citizens to the decision-making process, the European Economic Community (EEC) has a stronger democratic legitimacy. The Parliament and the Commission organise a massive publicity campaign to encourage Europeans to turn out for the vote. Electoral systems vary from one Member State to another, as the voting day also varies in accordance with national policy traditions. Finally, more than 60% of the electorate participate in the elections - a relatively low turn-out. However, it is the beginning of a new era in the relations between the European Institutions and public opinion. Encouraged by its new democratic legitimacy, the European Parliament claims to extend its role in legislative and constitutional affairs. On 17 July 1979, during the first session of the first directly-elected European Parliament, Simone Veil is elected President. She affirms that the Parliament has now a new authority, derived from the direct election, and it must exercise its democratic control over all EU matters. The European Parliament, for the first time directly elected, is eager to give its contribution to the discussion on constitutional reforms. The Assembly approves in 1984, by a large majority, a report by the Italian MEP Altiero Spinelli on a draft Treaty establishing the European Union. The report, also known as the ‘Spinelli Plan’, envisages the creation of a federal European Union, with enlarged powers for the Commission and the EP and the introduction of a majority voting system in the Council. Although the European Council does not take the report into consideration, the Spinelli Plan confirms the role of the EP as the conscience of the original ideal of a united Europe.

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HEURE DESCRIPTION DUREE
00:00:00 Title: From direct election to the Treaty of Maastricht (1979-1992) 00:00:05
00:00:05 TV ad to promote the European elections of 1979 00:00:15
00:00:20 Posters 00:00:38
00:00:57 European elections in the Netherlands 00:00:12
00:01:09 European elections in the United Kingdom (7 June 1979) 00:00:07
00:01:16 European elections in Luxembourg (10 June 1979) 00:00:08
00:01:24 European elections in Ireland 00:00:24
00:01:48 European elections in France (10 June 1979) 00:00:46
00:02:34 European elections in Belgium (June 1979) 00:00:28
00:03:02 First session of the directly-elected European Parliament - Election of Simon Veil as President of the EP 00:00:04
00:03:06 Opening of the inaugural session by the most senior member, Louise Weiss 00:00:11
00:03:17 Votes for the Presidency of the European Parliament (Chirac, Pflimlin) 00:00:23
00:03:40 Election of Simone Veil, President of the European Parliament 00:00:51
00:04:30 The European Parliament rejects the 1980 Community Budget by a majority of 288 votes against 64, with one abstention. 00:00:50
00:05:20 EEC Enlargement to Greece: the Greek flag is hoisted in front of the Berlaymont (Brussels, 1 January 1981) 00:00:08
00:05:28 Speech of Constantin Karamanlis before the European Parliament (Strasbourg, 16 December 1983) 00:00:39
00:06:08 Formal sitting : address by the President of Egypt, Anwar el-Sadat 00:00:53
00:07:01 Margaret Thatcher is the first President in office of the Council to present her report before the European Parliament 00:00:58
00:07:58 Altiero Spinelli presents the Committee on Constitutional Affairs' report on a draft Treaty establishing the European Union - Vote and adoption of the report (Strasbourg, 14 February 1984) 00:01:33
00:09:31 Second direct elections to the EP (14-17 June 1984) - Posters 00:01:14
00:10:45 The new Commission of the European Communities, chaired by Jacques Delors, comes into functioning - First speech of Delors before the EP (Strasbourg, 7 January 1985) 00:00:52
00:11:37 Formal sitting: address by Ronald Reagan, President of the United States, in commemoration of the anniversary of the end of World War II (Strasbourg, 8 May 1985) 00:00:55
00:12:32 The European flag is hoisted for the first time in front of the Berlaymont. Statement by Pierre Pflimlin, President of the European Parliament (Brussels, 29 May 1986) 00:00:45
00:13:17 EEC Enlargement to Spain and Portugal - Welcome ceremony by Pierre Pflimlin - Arrivals of new MEPs (Strasbourg, January 1986) 00:00:57
00:14:14 Formal sitting: address by Juan Carlos, King of Spain (Strasbourg, 14 May 1986) 00:00:28
00:14:42 Formal sitting: address by Mário Soares, President of Portugal (9 July 1986) 00:00:32
00:15:14 Formal sitting: address by Pope John-Paul II (Strasbourg, 11 October 1988) 00:00:41
00:15:55 The European Parliament awards the first Sakharov Prize to Nelson Mandela and Anatoli Marchenko (1988) - Lord Plumb, EP President, hands the Prize in to Mandela's grandson 00:00:29
00:16:24 Third direct elections to the EP (June 1989) - TV ad and atmosphere in the press room of the European Parliament 00:00:52
00:17:16 The Fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of authoritarian regimes in East Europe (1989-1990) 00:00:29
00:17:45 Visit of Lech Wałęsa, President of Poland, to the EP (Brussels, 4 April 1991) 00:00:39
00:18:24 Visit of Alexander Dubček, Slovakian dissident and Sakharov Prize winner in 1989, to the EP (Strasbourg, 17 January 1990) 00:00:39
00:19:03 Visit of Václav Havel, President of the Check Republic, to the EP (Strasbourg, 20 March 1991) 00:00:33
00:19:36 Visit of Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia, to the EP - Meeting with Enrique Barón Crespo, President of the EP, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs 00:01:04
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