EU Energy (part 2) - 2012

Type: Stockshots [long]   Reference: I-074166   Duration: 10:52:29  Lieu:
End production: 26/09/2012   First transmission: 27/09/2012
This video stockshot on energy illustrates the following chapters: 1. Oil Transhipment by River - Antwerp, Belgium; 2. Oil Transhipment by Rail - Antwerp, Belgium; 3. Oil Transhipment by Road - Antwerp, Belgium; 4. Oil Transhipment by Pipeline - Antwerp, Belgium; 5. Petrol Filling Stations - Georgia, Russia, Belgium; 6. Gas Power Plant - Fos-sur-Mer, France; 7. Gas Storage - Czech Republic; 8. Gas Pipeline - Gryazovets, Vyborg, Russia; 9. Gas Network Interconnectors - Hungary/Croatia; 10. Carbon Capture and Storage - Ponferrada, Spain; 11. Carbon Capture and Storage - Sleipner, Norwegian Sea; 12. Bio Energy - Kalundborg, Denmark; 13. Solar Energy - Fuentes de Andalucía, Spain.

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TIME DESCRIPTION DURATION
10:00:00 Credits and title 00:00:18
10:00:18 1. Oil Transhipment by River - Antwerp, Belgium 00:03:34
10:00:18 Title In 2010, the exports from the TOTAL refinery were: 47% by pipeline, 42% by barge, 2% by truck and 9% by sea-going vessel (large boats). Barges in the port of Antwerp: The port of Antwerp is connected to the European waterway network by the Schelde-Rhine canal and Albert canal. There are over 175 container shuttles per week to 56 destinations in Europe, and 45 barge operators offer regular services between Antwerp and the European hinterland. Some 40% of all transport of goods to and from the port of Antwerp is by barge, a very high percentage compared with other ports. Antwerp Port Authority's ambition is to raise the present proportion represented by barge transport from 34% to 43% over a period of ten years. 00:00:04
10:00:22 Lock bridge opening, with flaring tower in the background 00:00:06
10:00:28 Tanker barge navigating on the river Schelde 00:00:10
10:00:39 Barge with bulk carrier in the background 00:00:07
10:00:47 Barge entering port 00:00:05
10:00:52 The lock closing down (3 shots) 00:00:25
10:01:18 Wide shot of the petrol port, tanks and tankers in the background 00:00:06
10:01:24 Tanker barge with oil tankers at quay 00:00:06
10:01:30 Barges navigating in front of TOTAL tanks (5 shots) 00:00:27
10:01:58 Tanker barge (Nina) at TOTAL filling terminal (4 shots) 00:00:22
10:02:21 Tanker barge (Kayak VI) navigating in the port of Antwerp (3 shots) 00:00:24
10:02:45 Barge (Xander, gas tanker) entering the port, big vessels in the background 00:00:08
10:02:53 Lock gate opening (ring sound), crude oil tanker barge (Texas) (5 shots) 00:00:32
10:03:26 Oranje Nassau III tanker barge leaving the lock (4 shots) 00:00:26
10:03:52 2. Oil Transhipment by Rail - Antwerp, Belgium 00:03:34
10:03:52 Title Rail transportation in the port of Antwerp: The port of Antwerp has 1055 km of rail track within its area (26 rail sidings) and handles an annual rail freight volume of 24 million tonnes, making it the second-largest rail port in Europe. Not only is Antwerp, Europe's second largest port, it is also the second largest rail hub in Europe handling 250 freight trains per day. Around 50 % of all Belgian imports and exports pass through Antwerp. 00:00:05
10:03:57 TOTAL refinery, Antwerp: shunting yard with wagon tankers and refinery; cooling tower in the background 00:00:06
10:04:04 Large shot on the refinery, with rail track on the foreground 00:00:05
10:04:09 Huge crane (rail mounted gantry) loading tankers on rail wagons INFO: 10 to 12 trains per day are leaving the terminal 00:00:05
10:04:14 Large shot of the crane with a tanker, with Rotterdam-Antwerpen signpost 00:00:08
10:04:23 The crane moving to pick up another tanker (2 shots) 00:00:32
10:04:55 Locomotive picking up tanker wagons (2 shots) 00:00:13
10:05:08 Wagons moving to filling area (3 shots) 00:00:25
10:05:34 Wagons being pulled under the bridge with barges crossing in the background (3 shots) 00:00:19
10:05:54 Wagon arriving under filling bridge, high angle view (2 shots) 00:00:24
10:06:19 Crewmen activating filling commands on panel; tanker wagon (3 shots) 00:00:22
10:06:41 Filling process starting (5 shots) 00:00:31
10:07:12 Filling process of wagon (underneath filling system) 00:00:05
10:07:17 Large shot of the wagon being filled (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:07:27 3. Oil Transhipment by Road - Antwerp, Belgium 00:04:53
10:07:27 Title Only 2% of TOTAL exports is conveyed by trucks. Filling of tankers occurs through two different methods: from above (to be abandoned within a couple of years, too dangerous for the driver) and filling from below (which should become the standard). 00:00:05
10:07:32 Large view of ESSO fuel deposit, with the TOTAL refinery in the background (2 shots) 00:00:15
10:07:48 TOTAL filling centre of trucks, high angle view 00:00:06
10:07:54 Tanker trucks in the underneath filling area (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:08:05 High angle view on truck arrival under filling post 00:00:07
10:08:13 Driver going on the tanker to start filling (2 shots) 00:00:35
10:08:49 Driver fuelling (10 shots) 00:01:17
10:10:07 Driver going back to truck, TOTAL tanker truck leaving filling area (2 shots) 00:00:43
10:10:50 TOTAL truck arriving in the underneath filling area 00:00:12
10:11:02 TOTAL driver starting filling process 00:00:21
10:11:24 Close shot on the fuel pipe being attached to truck 00:00:06
10:11:31 Driver initiates computer (3 shots) 00:00:15
10:11:46 TOTAL truck crossing the background, seen from filling centre 00:00:15
10:12:01 MOL refinery, Hungary. Loading gazoline system: tanker truck being filled. (3 shots) 00:00:14
10:12:16 MOL truck leaving the filling area 00:00:05
10:12:21 4. Oil Transhipment by Pipeline - Antwerp, Belgium 00:02:36
10:12:21 Title A fifth of the freight handled by the port of Antwerp is moved by pipelines running under the port. Pipelines in the Port of Antwerp: Every year, about 40.9 million tons of liquid bulk goods 'flow' through the port. Chemical products and crude oil make up the biggest part of this. An underground network of 350 kilometres of piping ensures rapid, safe and affordable transport of the crude oil that is supplied directly from Rotterdam. Various terminals offer a total of about 5.4 million m3 of storage capacity. 00:00:05
10:12:26 Port official, entering existing pipeline tunnel 00:00:18
10:12:44 Visiting the tunnel: Schelde water has infiltrated and mixed with oil underground (6 shots) 00:00:46
10:13:30 Port official leaves the tunnel 00:00:11
10:13:42 Entering the new pipeline tunnel by crane-lift (5 shots) INFO: New pipeline tunnel under Boudewijn Lock, under construction. 00:00:37
10:14:19 Man walking down the tunnel 00:00:06
10:14:25 Man moving cables (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:14:35 Builders at work in the pipeline tunnel, preparing mortar and completing the backing (3 shots) 00:00:22
10:14:57 5. Petrol Filling Stations - Georgia, Russia, Belgium 00:04:42
10:14:57 Title 00:00:05
10:15:02 Petrol stations in Georgia and Azerbaijan (14 shots) 00:01:23
10:16:26 Lukoil petrol station in Moskow (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:16:38 Gazprom petrol station in Moskow; Man fueling (4 shots) 00:00:33
10:17:12 TNK petrol station in Moskow with snow falling (3 shots) 00:00:17
10:17:29 Texaco station, Brussels (3 shots) 00:00:28
10:17:58 Shell station, Brussels (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:18:08 ESSO and Lukoil stations, Brussels (2 shots) 00:00:12
10:18:21 TOTAL station, Brussels (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:18:33 Octa+ station, Brussels 00:00:07
10:18:40 Q8 station, Brussels (3 shots) 00:00:17
10:18:58 Customers filling tank (4 shots) 00:00:41
10:19:40 6. Gas Power Plant - Fos-sur-Mer, France 00:02:33
10:19:40 Title Combigolfe is a natural gas combined cycle power plant located in Fos-sur-Mer, South of France. Its energy efficiency is close to 58%, and its electrical production reaches 2,6 TWh (400 MW), the equivalent of the annual consumption of 520 000 households. Its main characteristic is its single-shaft system. Key advantages of the single-shaft arrangement are operating simplicity, smaller footprint, and lower start-up cost. 00:00:05
10:19:45 Combigolfe Combined Cycle Gas Power Plant seen in the distance with windmills foreground 00:00:05
10:19:50 Outside shots of the Gas Power Plant 00:00:05
10:19:55 GDF Suez logo on the sign post 00:00:03
10:19:59 Control room, with staff (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:20:10 Control screen 00:00:07
10:20:18 The gas arrival gate at the power plant (3 shots) 00:00:15
10:20:33 Network of pipes 00:00:04
10:20:38 Pipes carrying the gas to the power plant 00:00:05
10:20:43 Giant exhaust pipe carrying exhaust gases from the Nr 1 turbine (gas turbine) to Nr 2 turbine (steam turbine) 00:00:11
10:20:54 Gas turbine (4 shots) 00:00:30
10:21:25 Steam turbine (3 shots) 00:00:23
10:21:49 The auxiliary gearbox connecting the steam turbine to the generator 00:00:05
10:21:55 Seawater cooling system 00:00:06
10:22:01 Transformer (2 shots) 00:00:12
10:22:13 7. Gas Storage - Czech Republic 00:05:45
10:22:13 Title RWE Gas Storage, Expansion of the Underground Gas Storage Facility (UGS) in Třanovice, Czech Republic. RWE Gas Storage, the largest underground gas storage system operator (SSO) in the Czech Republic, has invested billions of Czech crowns in the expansion of its storage capacity at two sites, UGS Třanovice and UGS Tvrdonice, as a part of the European Energy Programme for Recovery (EEPR). UGS Třanovice is a storage facility where gas is stored in porous rock layers at a depth of around 500 meters. The building of the facility, located in Northern Moravia, commenced in 1994. It has been extensively expanded and upgraded between 2009 and 2012 with the support of the European Union. 290 million cubic meters of new storage capacity have been added, more than doubling the existing capacity and significantly contributing to security and reliability of natural gas supply to end customers not only in the North Moravian region and the Czech Republic but also abroad. 00:00:04
10:22:18 The Municipality of Třanovice, in the Beskids (mountain range) (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:22:29 Surface well technology 00:00:04
10:22:34 Pipeyard of UGS Třanovice central plant (2 shots) 00:00:09
10:22:44 Construction of the new compressor hall (4 shots) 00:00:20
10:23:04 Laying of collector pipelines (12 shots) 00:01:00
10:24:05 Pipeyard connection to the compressor hall 00:00:05
10:24:10 Connecting storage to the gas grid (5 shots) 00:00:27
10:24:38 Pipeyard: connection to the compressor hall 00:00:07
10:24:45 Welding underground pipes (2 shots) 00:00:09
10:24:54 Delivering and installation of new compressors (4 shots) 00:00:19
10:25:14 Compressor chimney installation (2 shots) 00:00:13
10:25:28 Winter time: completion of the new compressor hall and pipeyard (4 shots) 00:00:19
10:25:48 Installation of new drying technology (5 shots) 00:00:29
10:26:17 Gas drying technology: interior (2 shots) 00:00:08
10:26:26 Drilling rig / drilling of new well (17 shots) 00:01:33
10:27:59 8. Gas Pipeline - Gryazovets, Vyborg, Russia 00:02:07
10:27:59 Title The Gryazovets-Vyborg gas pipeline is located near Vologda and Leningrad Oblasts. It is under construction, to be finalised late 2012. The Gryazovets-Vyborg gas pipeline is intended for securing gas deliveries to the Nord Stream gas pipeline and supplying consumers in the North-western part of Russia. Nominal capacity accounts for 55 billion cubic meters per annum. 00:00:05
10:28:04 Excavation for pipelines (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:28:14 Sign "GAS" 00:00:04
10:28:19 Place for pipe welding, at the excavation (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:28:29 Pipe with sealing plug "GASPROM" 00:00:05
10:28:34 Shift of a pipe with a crane 00:00:05
10:28:40 Shift of protective structure for welding 00:00:05
10:28:45 Worker welding (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:28:56 Grinding of weld seam inside the pipe 00:00:05
10:29:02 Soldering of weld seam (3 shots) 00:00:17
10:29:19 Pipe with protective structure for welding 00:00:05
10:29:25 Pipeline with protective structure, working crane (2 shots) 00:00:12
10:29:37 Shift of protective structures for welding (3 shots) 00:00:17
10:29:54 Pipeline near the forest (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:30:06 9. Gas Network Interconnectors - Hungary/Croatia 00:06:33
10:30:06 Title The Báta (Hungary) compressor station was built for the Croatian gas transit in 2011. The planned transit flow is 930,000 normal m3/hour. 00:00:05
10:30:11 Sign of Báta compressor station 00:00:06
10:30:17 Báta compressor station. On the left side are the gas filters and in the foreground is the technological building (fuel gas treatment, instrumental air is in it) and behind it are the compressor halls. 00:00:05
10:30:23 Gas filters, control instruments: standing gas filters 00:00:04
10:30:28 Manometer shows the pressure in the pipeline (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:30:39 Staff controlling the station to the filters (4 shots) 00:00:19
10:30:58 Staff closing a valve 00:00:08
10:31:07 Pipeline entry point, nodes 00:00:03
10:31:10 Compressor halls 00:00:05
10:31:16 Control room, solar unit control panel 00:00:05
10:31:21 Control room with the unit control panels and the station control panel 00:00:06
10:31:28 Compressor hall: gas turbine driven compressor set in the compressor hall 00:00:05
10:31:33 Suction and discharge pipes of a compressor 00:00:05
10:31:38 Close up of the shut-off valve with electro-hydraulic actuator 00:00:05
10:31:43 FGSZ Dravaszerdahely International Measuring Station (Hungary). There are 4 parallel measuring lines. Two of them are in operation one is spare and one is the reference. In the measuring lines there are ultrasonic flow meters. 00:00:07
10:31:51 Sign "Hungarian-Croatian Interconnector Gas Pipeline - Co-financed by the EU (European Energy Programme for Recovery)" 00:00:06
10:31:57 The measuring station main building, staff entering (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:32:08 Measuring lines with instruments (pressure), manometer (2 shots) 00:00:12
10:32:20 Measuring lines with shut-off valves 00:00:06
10:32:27 Electric actuator for shut-off valve 00:00:04
10:32:32 Pipelines transporting gas from Hungary to Croatia, nodes and valves (3 shots) 00:00:16
10:32:48 FGSZ System Operation Centre: FGSZ building in Siófok and plate (2 shots). The Centre of Natural Gas Transmission Ltd. (FGSZ Zrt.) is in Siófok, Hungary. The company performs the high pressure (up to 75 bar) gas transmission. 00:00:10
10:32:58 Gas network control room (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:33:10 Screen with Hungarian telecommunication network map and connections with neighbouring countries. 00:00:05
10:33:15 Control room 00:00:05
10:33:21 Flat screen display with maps, network and graphics: the main display 00:00:05
10:33:26 Hungarian gas network map (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:33:37 Hourly and daily gas consumption and domestic production 00:00:05
10:33:42 Line pack 00:00:04
10:33:46 Control room with staff on the phone 00:00:08
10:33:54 Main entrance of the Baumgarten Gas Station with panels showing the EU contribution (2 shots) About one third of Russia's total natural gas exports to Western Europe are transported via the Baumgarten Gas Station. Built in 1959, it is now the most important natural gas turntable between the East and West and Austria's largest import and intake station for natural gas. Each year, 75 billion cubic meters of natural gas are transported through the Austrian transit pipeline network, and forwarded from the Baumgarten turntable through Austrian pipelines network to Hungary, Italy, Croatia and Slovenia, France and Germany. In 2009 the construction of a pumping station enabled transports of gas from Baumgarten to the node in Plavecky Stvrtok in Solvakia. 00:00:11
10:34:05 Sculpture made with pipes at the entrance to the plant 00:00:05
10:34:11 Pipeline entry point and purification area, with staff at work (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:34:22 The compressor 00:00:06
10:34:28 The storage area 00:00:06
10:34:35 Technician checking the level of the storage units (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:34:46 The purification area (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:34:57 The communication area, valves, instruments (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:35:08 Pipes coming from underground. Cleaning machines called "pig traps" are inserted to clean up the inside of the pipes. (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:35:20 Control room, staff at work (3 shots) 00:00:16
10:35:36 Details on control display (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:35:46 Map showing the gas pipelines coming from Russia to Vienna (3 shots) 00:00:16
10:36:03 Inside the compressor hall, staff controlling the oil level of the compressor (4 shots) 00:00:21
10:36:24 Visitor and staff looking at the compressor machine (3 shots) 00:00:15
10:36:40 10. Carbon Capture and Storage - Ponferrada, Spain 00:04:43
10:36:40 Title The Compostilla CCS demonstration project comprises a 300MW oxycombustion demonstration at a coal-fired power plant with permanent storage of CO2. This sequence shows the 30MW pilot oxycombustion unit in Ponferrada, Spain. 00:00:05
10:36:45 The region of Ponferrada, view from the plant 00:00:05
10:36:50 Plant seen from outside 00:00:04
10:36:54 Sign saying (in Spanish) "Centre for the development of CO2 capture technologies, co-financed by the EU" (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:37:05 Coal grain silo (2 shots) 00:00:16
10:37:21 Man working near the silo 00:00:06
10:37:27 Lorry unloading coal (2 shots) 00:00:20
10:37:47 Conveyor belt of coal (5 shots) 00:00:29
10:38:17 Hub building, outside (2 shots) 00:00:13
10:38:31 People working in the hub plant, screens (7 shots) 00:00:45
10:39:16 Boilers: Technician reviews the operation of the mill that pulverizes the coal to 6mm (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:39:28 Mill working (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:39:39 PC Boiler (3 shots) 00:00:16
10:39:55 Gas treatment: cyclones (5 shots) 00:00:27
10:40:23 Sign saying "Research facility in soils with CO2" (2 shots) 00:00:09
10:40:32 Research facility (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:40:43 Man working in research facility (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:40:54 Research on soils (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:41:04 Man working on PC in research facility, screens (4 shots) 00:00:18
10:41:23 11. Carbon Capture and Storage - Sleipner, Norwegian Sea 00:00:53
10:41:23 Title 00:00:05
10:41:28 Aerial views of Statoil Sleipner CCS platform (2 shots). The Sleipner area lies half way between the Norwegian coast and Scotland. It has produced oil and gas since 1993. Today's production is 300,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day, 36 million Sm3 of gas per day and 14,000 Sm3 condensate per day. CO2 injected: Sleipner has injected and stored more than 10 million tons of CO2 into the Utsira reservoir. The amount is more than the total Norwegian fleet emits in two years. 00:00:22
10:41:51 The Sleipner CCS platform (2 shots) 00:00:13
10:42:04 3D animation showing the underwater carbon capture and storage facility 00:00:06
10:42:11 Sun going down on the platform (time lapse shot) 00:00:06
10:42:17 12. Bio Energy - Kalundborg, Denmark 00:05:51
10:42:17 Title The KACELLE Project / Kalundborg bio-ethanol demonstration plant. The project demonstrates on an industrial scale second generation bioethanol production. More than 10 years of development in the technology area were required for this plant. It aims to more than double the capacity of the plant from state-of-the-art 4t/hr to 10-12t/hr biomass-to-ethanol production. The project covers also end-use in e.g. car fleets. The project is supported by the EU's 7th Framework Programme with EUR 9.1 million. The project leader is DONG Energy The Kalundborg demonstation shows that second-generation technology can be applied on a large scale, i.e. that large-scale production of ethanol from straw is possible. The Kalundborg plant also demonstrates energy integration with a power station. Steam from the power plant will cook the straw, and residual biofuel from the ethanol plant will be burned by the power plant. Since the cellulosic ethanol plant produces more energy than it consumes to convert the biomass, the end result is an energy surplus that brings down the cost for both plants and demonstrates the efficiency and financial viability of the Inbicon process. 00:00:05
10:42:22 Straw barn, input of straw to process (5 shots) 00:00:42
10:43:04 Checking straw quality (3 shots) 00:00:20
10:43:25 Hammer mill, checking equipment 00:00:13
10:43:38 Handling of straw from bales to loose straw. Preparation before hammermill (3 shots) 00:00:27
10:44:05 Outdoor facilities, C5-molasses tanks, lignin silos and distillation process (3 shots) 00:00:22
10:44:27 Belt press, checking of hydraulic pressure (3 shots) 00:00:26
10:44:54 Evaporator (2 shots) 00:00:12
10:45:06 Tanks for enzymatic hydrolysis (4 shots) 00:00:28
10:45:34 Operation screen for lignin drying process (4 shots) 00:00:29
10:46:04 Fermentation tanks 00:00:05
10:46:10 RTO (Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer) 00:00:06
10:46:16 Exhaust chimney for RTO 00:00:08
10:46:24 Distillation facilities (5 shots) 00:00:26
10:46:50 Ethanol storage tanks (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:47:01 Fermentation tanks to distillation plant 00:00:09
10:47:10 Control room: updating operating protocol (3 shots) 00:00:15
10:47:25 Fibre fraction, fibre beer, ethanol (4 shots) 00:00:23
10:47:49 Lignin pellets 00:00:08
10:47:58 Outside view of the plant (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:48:08 13. Solar Energy - Fuentes de Andalucía, Spain 00:04:28
10:48:08 Title SOLAR ENERGY IN UE Solar Energy in the European Union is obtained from photovoltaic and solar thermal energy. During 2010, the European solar thermal industry produced 17.3 TWh, annual turnover 2.6 billion euro and employed 33,500 persons (1 job for every 80 kW new capacity). Turnover is concentrated in local small and medium businesses. Europe contains nine of the largest 15 solar markets in the world. In 2011, new European photovoltaic installations amounted to 20.9 GW, over 75% of the global total (27.7 GW). CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) is a technology which produces electricity by concentrating solar energy in a single focal point. This concentrated energy is then used to heat up a fluid, produce steam and activate turbines that produce electricity. The focusing of solar power can be achieved through different techniques such as parabolic trough, parabolic dish or power tower systems. CSP can also provide combined heat and power, particularly in desalinisation plants. CSP installations are particularly present in countries of Southern Europe, including Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, Malta and Cyprus. The total installed capacity by the end of 2012 is expected to up to 4GW. In the EU, after about a decade of low development, the concentrated solar thermal power sector is now expanding, notably due to a favourable supporting framework in Spain. 00:00:05
10:48:13 Pan: solar field 00:00:18
10:48:31 Close up of the receiver, located on top of the tower 00:00:05
10:48:37 The heliostats 00:00:05
10:48:42 Pan from the heliostats to the top of the tower 00:00:17
10:48:59 The solar field (2 shots) 00:00:12
10:49:11 A technician walking toward the turbine 00:00:06
10:49:18 The turbine building 00:00:04
10:49:22 Logo "Torresol energy" 00:00:05
10:49:28 Heliostats 00:00:04
10:49:33 Sign saying "Thermal generation plant for concentration tower - Gemasolar" Gemasolar is a solar plant with 19.9 MW power, located in Fuentes de Andalucía, in the region of Sevilla, Spain. Capable of supplying 110 GWh energy annually, to supply 27,500 households, it is the first commercial concentrated solar power plant with central tower receiver and molten salt storage technology. Its efficiency is significantly superior to other thermoelectric solar plants in commercial operation today, as the plant storage system allows it to continue producing electricity for 15 hours without sunlight, during the night or cloudy weather. Thanks to this storage capacity, solar energy becomes capable of responding to the grid's demand. Concentrated solar power uses direct solar radiation: mirrors concentrate the sun's rays at a point around which fluid is circulating. In turn, the heat in this fluid is used to generate steam, which turns a turbine. In Gemasolar plant, this hot fluid not only generates steam, but it also stores surplus heat in tanks containing molten nitrate salts. The solar field is composed of 2,650 heliostats, distributed in concentric rings around the tower, with the furthest heliostat approximately 1 km from the tower. Each heliostat consists of a 120 m2 reflective surface, which is continually repositioned throughout the day, depending on the position of the sun and the weather conditions. The Gemasolar receiver is capable of absorbing 95% of radiation in the solar spectrum and of transmitting this energy to the molten salt compound that circulates in its interior. 00:00:05
10:49:38 Turbine building 00:00:05
10:49:44 Cooling system 00:00:05
10:49:50 Staff working on a transformer (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:50:01 Control room, engineers working, screens (6 shots) 00:00:34
10:50:35 CCCTV camera monitors: receiver of the tower 00:00:05
10:50:40 Monitoring heat of the receiver (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:50:51 Steam turbine 00:00:05
10:50:56 Cooling pipes, valves and control instrument (3 shots) 00:00:16
10:51:13 High view point: heliostats field (3 shots) 00:00:27
10:51:40 Worker moving a heliostat (3 shots) 00:00:15
10:51:56 Heliostat in movement (accelerated) (2 shots) 00:00:12
10:52:08 The tower, view from a distance 00:00:05
10:52:13 Close up of the receiver 00:00:04
10:52:18 Heliostats moving to night position (time lapse shot) 00:00:10
10:52:29 Copyright 00:00:07
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