Youth (un)employment

Type: Stockshots   Reference: i-069404   Duration: 00:06:20  Lieu: Riga, Madrid, Seville and Brussels
End production: 07/03/2011   First transmission: 04/04/2011

Only the original language version is authentic and it prevails in the event of its differing from the translated versions.
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00:00:00 Images: graphics of newspapers headlines 00:00:02
00:00:02 VOICEOVER Europe is worried about its youth. Following the latest ILO report, youth unemployment has reached its highest level since World War II. In 2010, one in five Europeans under the age of 25 was unemployed. 00:00:17
00:00:19 VOICEOVER In the last three years nowhere has this been more pronounced than in countries like Latvia and Spain, where young people have been particularly badly hit by the financial downturn, with youth unemployment figures reaching 35 and 40% respectively. 00:00:18
00:00:37 Images: Riga. Monika on the streets of Riga. Monika My name’s Monika. I’m 24 years old, I’m from Riga. Two years ago I finished my studies at university and received my Bachelor's degree. But I couldn't find a job. It was a time when many businesses were affected by the crisis. I had a Bachelor's degree, but no experience. 00:00:24
00:01:01 Elina Egle - Director General of the Latvian Employers Confederation We have one of the world’s highest amounts of people studying at universities per thousand inhabitants, but that means that when those young people finish University, they have no experience. That’s creating the first gap. 00:00:17
00:01:18 Images: Seville (sound in radio program). Silvia on the streets of Riga and at the Employment Office. 00:00:06
00:01:24 Silvia My name’s Sylvia, I’m 24 and I have a university degree in Audiovisual Communication. I finished my studies last year and I’ve been unemployed since then. I’ve been looking for a job and working as much as I could. 00:00:20
00:01:44 Elvira González - Tomillo Centre of Economic Studies, Madrid The situation in the labour market in Spain is bad, and the figures are not very optimistic. We come top of the rankings for youth unemployment and unemployment in general across Europe. 00:00:16
00:02:00 Mateo Alaluf, Sociologist, ULB - Free University of Brussels It's a completely new situation. We have an extremely high number of young people with a very good level of education, but still without jobs. The next generation will experience a situation worse than the current one. Everybody’s concerned: those with a job, as well as those looking for a job. 00:00:22
00:02:22 Images: Monika on the streets of Riga. 00:00:06
00:02:28 Elina Egle - Director General of the Latvian Employers Confederation The Employers Confederation, together with youth consultations, has begun a common initiative which started last summer. There’s now a special portal where young people and companies can register and offer free internship places for gaining new experiences. Images: Monika in the tram on the way to work. 00:00:14
00:02:42 Monika After some time I decided to go to the State Employment Agency, register as being unemployed and see what came up. But they offered me this programme: practical experience of youth work. At university, of course I learnt more theoretical knowledge. I could imagine how things worked, but university doesn't teach us the practice. 00:00:23
00:03:05 Viesturs Dule - TV host and producer of TV shows This is the system in Latvia. We’re like academics. It’s like knowing the history of the car, without driving a car. Afterwards, you go to a company and they ask “How do you drive a car?”. But you haven’t ever done it, which is absurd. 00:00:19
00:03:24 Images: Monika at work. 00:00:05
00:03:29 Monica Working in my first job, I could get some practical experience. In this company I mainly do creative work. I make designs for advertisements, take photographs and put these pictures on the website. 00:00:15
00:03:44 Viesturs Dule - TV host and producer of TV shows Vocational education is everywhere. You need to have practical application in your education. This is not a question of just “let’s talk” about education, this is a question of survival. 00:00:10
00:03:54 Images: Seville. Silvia walking on the street. 00:00:04
00:03:58 Elvira González - Tomillo Centre of Economic Studies, Madrid The Spanish labour market is a typical example of a dual market. Some 70% of workers have a permanent contract with secure conditions, but 30% have temporary contracts, which have job insecurity. Young people can be found massively among those 30%. Images: Silvia walking on the street and giving English lessons to Manuela. 00:00:24
00:04:22 Silvia I worked in distributing publicity, then I started looking for training and internships. I sent CVs but nothing worked out. I needed to earn a living, so I began teaching private English lessons. I have a wonderful student named Manuela. She’s 60 years old and for me she’s a real role model. 00:00:24
00:04:46 Manuela (Voice in) What does 'going to' mean? Silvia (Voice in) That I’m going to work. 00:00:06
00:04:52 Elvira González - Tomillo Centre of Economic Studies, Madrid These people are in a vicious circle where they accumulate temporary contracts, which leads to a precarious position and makes it very difficult to break the cycle. 00:00:20
00:05:12 Carmen Pérez-Lanzac – Journalist at “El País» newspaper The word 'mileurista', once meaning a low income EUR 1 000 salary, is now perceived as a relative luxury or success by many people. Images: Silvia reading the newspaper on a terrace. 00:00:11
00:05:23 Silvia We’re fed up of being called the 'no future' generation, without interest in anything. 00:00:11
00:05:34 Mateo Alaluf, Sociologist, ULB - Free University of Brussels This generation is supposed to bring the European concept to life. Taking into account the seriousness of the problem, are we finally going to develop some political measures, so as to allow young people to access the labour market with dignity? Images: Monika with friends. Images: Silvia biking in Seville. 00:00:16
00:05:50 Silvia I see a complicated future. We’ll have to fight a lot to get anything. We’ll have to become sharper, be creative, and reinvent ourselves. GRAPHICS At the European Commission, we support young people and believe in their potential and entrepreneurial spirit. Through the Youth on the Move strategy, we work to make more and better jobs a reality for youth. 00:00:27
00:06:17 Logo European Commission 00:00:03
00:06:20 End 00:00:00
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