Extraordinary European Council on EU Southern Neighbourhood and Libya and meeting of the Heads of State or Government of the euro area, Brussels, 11/03/2011

Type: Best-of   Référence: I069220   Durée: 45:01  Lieu: Brussels - Council/Justus Lipsius
The European Heads of State or Government gathered in Brussels on 11 March 2011 for an extraordinary meeting on Europe's response to the latest developments in EU Southern Neighbourhood.Issues for discussion included mobilisation of further resources to meet the humanitarian situation created by the influx of returnees from Libya; challenges to the EU posed by irregular migration; the evacuation of EU citizens; support to the political transitions underway in Tunisia, Egypt and the broader region.At their arrival to the Council, several Member States commented the French proposal to launch targeted air strikes on Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi's forces if they use chemical weapons or warplanes against civilians. Some of them also reacted to the earthquake and tsunami that hit Japan earlier today.Later that day, the Heads of State or Government of the euro area reached an agreement on the broad outlines of the "Pact for the Euro" to develop stronger economic policy coordination, to improve competitiveness and to keep public deficits in check.Euro area leaders also issued a statement on Ireland, Portugal and Greece, including welcoming Portugal's latest steps to reduce its budget deficit.

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00:00:00 Title 00:00:20
00:00:20 Credits and title 00:00:05
00:00:25 General atmosphere outside the European Council (7 shots) 00:00:38
00:01:03 General atmosphere inside the European Council (28 shots) 00:02:14
00:03:17 Title 00:00:05
00:03:22 Arrival of Herman van Rompuy, President of the European Council (5 shots) 00:00:23
00:03:45 Arrival of Viktor Orbán, Hungarian Prime Minister (6 shots) 00:00:32
00:04:17 Arrival of Jean-Claude Juncker, Luxembourgish Prime Minister and President of the Eurogroup - Soundbite (in GERMAN) on Greece: saying that there is no reason to doubt that Greece is still able to pay (after Moody's ratings agency cut Greece's credit rating by three notches on 7 March 2011); on Libya: saying that Gaddafi should know that the international community wants him to resign, and that the Europeans would do well to talk about the measures they want to decide on in the meeting, and not the day before (reference to the French proposal on targeted air strikes);on Ireland's plea for easier terms on its bailout loans.(9 shots) 00:01:47
00:06:04 Arrival of Mark Rutte, Dutch Prime Minister - Soundbite (in DUTCH) on Libya: saying that what the European Union can do is to press for Gaddafi to leave the country, to help on the humanitarian level and to help in terms of development; saying that it is a crazy move by France to recognize a Libyan transitional government; it is not the solution for Libya. (4 shots) 00:01:28
00:07:32 Arrival of Yves Leterme, acting Belgian Prime Minister - Soundbite (in DUTCH) on Libya: saying that any military action should be mandated by the UN Security Council; such decision should not be taken without consideration. (6 shots) 00:01:03
00:08:35 Arrival of Enda Kenny, Irish Prime Minister - Soundbite (in ENGLISH): I've come here being two days in government with a very strong mandate from the Irish people. (6 shots) 00:00:50
00:09:24 Arrival of George A. Papandreou, Greek Prime Minister - Soundbite (in ENGLISH): Greece is at the epicentre of the decisions we are going to be making today; first of all, on the financial Eurozone crisis, and secondly of course, on North Africa; and on both fronts, Greece is doing its best; on the financial Eurozone crisis, we are on track with our programme; we have taken the pain to make our economy viable, but now we need strong European decisions to calm the market; on the North African situation, Greece has been very active in the humanitarian efforts to evacuate many nationals, ten of thousands of nationals, actually, from Libya to their home; even today we had a successful cooperation with the Dutch, to help the Dutch extricate three of their members of the armed forces, and bring them back home to Holland; we will continue our efforts but it is very important that today the European Union makes historical decisions both on the financial sector issues, on North Africa and on Libya. (7 shots) 00:01:35
00:10:59 Arrival of David Cameron, British Prime Minister - Soundbite (in ENGLISH) on Japan: the first think we should be thinking about today is sending our sympathies and our condolences to the Japanese people; we have had a terrible reminder of the destructive power of nature; everyone should be thinking of that country and their people; I have asked immediately that our government should look at what we can do to help;on Libya and North Africa: turning to the issue we are discussing today, this is an important European Council; it's important that the countries of Europe show political will, show ambition and show unity in being clear that Colonel Gaddafi must go, that his regime is illegitimate, that what it is doing to his people is completely unacceptable; we are going to step up today, in the European Council, measures to isolate that regime and measures to put pressure on that regime; we should also plan for every eventuality as I have been arguing now for around two weeks; this is absolutely vital work; but at the same time, I think it is the moment for Europe to understand that we should show real ambition about recognizing that what is happening in North Africa is a democratic awakening; we should be encouraging these countries down a democratic path; it is a moment for Europe to say what we have done in the past has not always worked; now we should be reaching out to these countries, offering them a new partnership, opening up our markets and welcoming their approach of greater democracy, greater freedom, greater human rights; this is potentially a good moment for our world and we should grab it, and seize it, and try and shape it. (7 shots) 00:02:07
00:13:06 Arrival of Václav Klaus, President of the Czech Republic (5 shots) 00:00:32
00:13:37 Arrival of Demetris Christofias, President of Cyprus (4 shots) 00:00:21
00:13:58 Arrival of Borut Pahor, Slovenian Prime Minister (4 shots) 00:00:21
00:14:19 Arrival of Iveta Radičová, Slovak Prime Minister (5 shots) 00:00:29
00:14:48 Arrival of Dalia Grybauskaitė, President of Lithuania (4 shots) 00:00:18
00:15:06 Arrival of Lawrence Gonzi, Maltese Prime Minister (4 shots) 00:00:17
00:15:23 Arrival of Fredrik Reinfeldt, Swedish Prime Minister - Soundbite (in ENGLISH) on Libya: I read a letter from Prime Minister Cameron and President Sarkozy that we should have a dialogue with the representatives of the Libyan people; I can support that; otherwise, our view is that the only recognition we give is to States, not to anything else; on targeted air strikes: I do not think it is an issue for the European Union; I think it is a discussion and a decision for the UN Security Council, for NATO and for the Arab League to engage; we should more discuss humanitarian aid and dialogue, how to prepare for the world after Gaddafi and after the use of violence. (5 shots) 00:01:05
00:16:28 Arrival of Mari Kiviniemi, Finnish Prime Minister - Soundbite (in ENGLISH) on Libya: I think it is very good to have these discussions today and take the conclusions concerning Libya; but when it comes to interventions, that is decided of course in the United Nations, in the Security Council. (4 shots) 00:00:56
00:17:24 Arrival of Lars Løkke Rasmussen, Danish Prime Minister (4 shots) 00:00:21
00:17:45 Arrival of Andrus Ansip, Estonian Prime Minister (4 shots) 00:00:18
00:18:03 Arrival of Traian Băsescu, President of Romania (4 shots) 00:00:16
00:18:20 Arrival of Donald Tusk, Polish Prime Minister (3 shots) 00:00:13
00:18:33 Arrival of Nicolas Sarkozy, President of the French Republic - Soundbite (in FRENCH) on Japan: on France's solidarity with the people of Japan; saying that France stands ready to assist by all possible means Japan and the Japanese authorities, who have been affected by this terrible disaster whose images are extremely impressive, and which raises a lot of emotion in France; saying to the Japanese that they can count on France's solidarity; the French are going to see how they can send teams, aircrafts and means to help cope with the disaster;On Libya: saying that the changes in a number of Arab countries have a historical dimension; democracy is a right for all peoples of the world, not a right that is only for the peoples of Europe, for Western nations; France is therefore asking Europe to reaffirm the common will to see Colonel Gaddafi leave, to recognize the Libyan authorities, because nothing would be worse than having a country end up in the same situation as Somalia at the time, without leadership, without a representative; saying that France has always been very cautious about military intervention and NATO intervention, for the Arab revolutions belong to the Arabs and not to foreign nations; saying that France demands two things: the creation of humanitarian zones in North Africa to manage the issue of displaced people, who are tens of thousands, who need care, schools, resources, and the availability of Europe to help them; On targeted air strikes against Libyan regime: saying that the UK and France have expressed their availability, on the express condition that the United Nations so wish it, that the Arab League accepts it, and that the Libyan authorities so wish it, to have targeted and purely defensive actions, in the only case where Colonel Gaddafi would use chemical weapons or warplanes against populations who demonstrate without violence. (6 shots) 00:03:48
00:22:21 Arrival of José Manuel Barroso - Soundbite (in ENGLISH): today the European Union is facing very heavy responsibilities; on the Southern Mediterranean, I expect the European Council to endorse the proposal made by the Commission for a partnership for democracy and shared prosperity in the Southern Mediterranean; regarding Libya, the problem has a name: Gaddafi; he has to go; we will explore all the possibilities for that to be achieved in full respect of the international law and also working in close cooperation with our allies and partners in the region; regarding the euro area, I expect a good discussion on the partnership for competitiveness and convergence; this Pact for Competitiveness and Convergence can be an important step. (4 shots) 00:00:58
00:23:19 Arrival of Werner Faymann, Austrian Federal Chancellor - handshake with José Manuel Barroso (3 shots) 00:00:26
00:23:45 Arrival of Jerzy Buzek, President of the European Parliament (3 shots) 00:00:18
00:24:03 Arrival of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Spanish Prime Minister (4 shots) 00:00:26
00:24:29 Arrival of Boyko Borissov, Bulgarian Prime Minister (3 shots) 00:00:16
00:24:45 Arrival of Catherine Ashton, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the EC - Soundbite (in ENGLISH) on the Southern Mediterranean: before anything else, remember that today is also the opportunity to think about support for the region; so let me draw your attention to the document from the European Commission and myself; three aims: money, resources that can go into the region to help support the transition to democracy, to support the civil society and of course the economic needs of countries who are suffering, for example the loss of tourism in Egypt and Tunisia. (5 shots) 00:00:53
00:25:38 Arrival of Angela Merkel, German Federal Chancellor - Soundbite (in GERMAN) saying that Gaddafi should immediately resign to stop his people's suffering; anyone going to war with his own people cannot talk to the European Union; the EU wants to do everything to put an end to the suffering of the Libyan people but needs to reflect on what steps to take so they can yield reasonable results. (6 shots) 00:01:30
00:27:08 Arrival of José Sócrates, Portuguese Prime Minister (4 shots) 00:00:22
00:27:30 Arrival of Valdis Dombrovskis, Latvian Prime Minister (3 shots) 00:00:20
00:27:50 Arrival of Silvio Berlusconi, Italian Prime Minister (2 shots) 00:00:26
00:28:16 Title 00:00:05
00:28:21 Catherine Ashton 00:00:04
00:28:25 Yves Leterme, and Dalia Grybauskaitė and Donald Tusk shaking hands with José Manuel Barroso 00:00:09
00:28:34 Angela Merkel and Herman van Rompuy (2 shots) 00:00:11
00:28:45 View of the round table including a handshake between Angela Merkel and José Manuel Barroso 00:00:12
00:28:57 David Cameron talking to Mark Rutte (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:29:09 Herman van Rompuy and Enda Kenny 00:00:06
00:29:15 Catherine Ashton and Werner Faymann 00:00:07
00:29:22 Herman van Rompuy and Nicolas Sarkozy (2 shots) 00:00:06
00:29:28 Nicolas Sarkozy talking to David Cameron 00:00:07
00:29:36 General view of the round table 00:00:13
00:29:49 Catherine Ashton, Werner Faymann, Nicolas Sarkozy and Angela Merkel 00:00:12
00:30:01 Angela Merkel, Werner Faymann, Catherine Ashton and Mari Kiviniemi 00:00:10
00:30:10 Views of the round table (3 shots) 00:00:23
00:30:33 Boyko Borissov, Andrus Ansip and David Cameron 00:00:07
00:30:41 Catherine Ashton, Viktor Orbán, Herman van Rompuy and Jerzy Buzek 00:00:04
00:30:45 José Manuel Barroso 00:00:07
00:30:52 Václav Klaus, Nicolas Sarkozy and Borut Pahor 00:00:06
00:30:58 Title 00:00:00
00:31:03 Group photo (20 shots)from left to right:in the 1st row: Silvio Berlusconi, Enda Kenny, Donald Tusk, Jerzy Buzek, Nicolas Sarkozy, Dalia Grybauskaitė, Viktor Orbán, Herman van Rompuy, Demetris Christofias, Traian Băsescu, Václav Klaus, José Manuel Barroso, Lars Løkke Rasmussen, George A. Papandreou, and Catherine Ashton;in the 2nd row: Yves Leterme, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Fredrik Reinfeldt, Borut Pahor, José Sócrates, Angela Merkel, Mari Kiviniemi, Werner Faymann, Boïko Borissov, Andrus Ansip, David Cameron, Lawrence Gonzi, Iveta Radičová, Mark Rutte, Jean-Claude Juncker, and Valdis Dombrovskis. 00:02:43
00:33:46 Title 00:00:05
00:33:51 Arrival of José Manuel Barroso and Herman van Rompuy 00:00:06
00:33:57 Soundbite by Herman van Rompuy (in ENGLISH): we learnt with great concern the news of the devastating earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan in the Pacific region; the European Council expresses its condolences and support to the people and government affected; we have asked the High Representative and the Commission to mobilise all appropriate assistance. 00:00:22
00:34:20 Soundbite by José Manuel Barroso (in ENGLISH): let me also start by expressing my deep condolences to the people and the Government of Japan in this difficult time; we are deeply concerned at the news of the devastating earthquake which has struck the coast of Japan and has caused serious damage through much of the country. (2 shots) 00:00:16
00:34:36 Cutaway of photographer 00:00:06
00:34:42 Soundbite by José Manuel Barroso (in ENGLISH): the problem has a name: Gadhafi; he must go; this was the unanimous decision of the European Council supporting this approach; time is running out, so we have to intensify our international pressure on the current regime to step down; there are three areas where the Commission is acting; we are finalising the repatriation of EU nationals who still want to leave Libya - the Commission's civil protection mechanism (MIC) is coordinating Member States' efforts; secondly, we will step up our cooperation with international humanitarian organisations to alleviate the situation inside Libya and at its borders; we have already freed up 37 million euro and deployed teams on the ground; thirdly, FRONTEX is developing contingency planning to handle a possible larger influx of migrants; we are ready to mobilise additional funds, including for air and maritime assets; I have made the point that we need a true spirit of solidarity and burden sharing on this issue; I am happy to see that the European Council endorsed this approach of solidarity among Member States because some of them will probably be more affected. 00:01:17
00:35:59 Cutaway of journalists 00:00:05
00:36:04 Soundbite by Herman van Rompuy (in ENGLISH): in order to protect the civilian population, Member States will examine all necessary options provided that there is a demonstrable need, a clear legal basis and support from the region; those responsible will be held accountable and will face grave consequences. 00:00:23
00:36:27 Cutaway of journalists 00:00:06
00:36:33 Soundbite by José Manuel Barroso (in FRENCH) saying that they expressed the wish to have, as soon as possible, a summit between the European Union, the Arab League and the African Union; they are proposing to their partners in the Arab league and African Union to hold a tripartite summit in order to discuss the issue of Libya, which is a concern for the Arab world at large but also very directly for the European Union. 00:00:31
00:37:05 Cutaway of journalists 00:00:06
00:37:10 Soundbite by Herman van Rompuy (in ENGLISH): I think that those people took a very important decision, even if some of them had responsibilities in the previous regime, they took a very courageous decision to break with Gaddafi and to keep the side of the rebellion; some of them are even risking their lives with that gesture and that major step; of course, the proof of the pudding is in the eating, but we consider them as sufficiency reliable at this stage to work with them; we have to be logical, if we say, we don't want to negotiate with Gaddafi, we have to negotiate and to have an interlocutor and the Council is a reliable interlocutor in our view. 00:00:52
00:38:02 Cutaway of journalists 00:00:05
00:38:07 José Manuel Barroso and Herman van Rompuy leaving the press conference 00:00:06
00:38:13 Title 00:00:05
00:38:18 Herman van Rompuy 00:00:03
00:38:21 José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero 00:00:04
00:38:25 Nicolas Sarkozy 00:00:07
00:38:33 Herman van Rompuy 00:00:04
00:38:36 Nicolas Sarkozy 00:00:06
00:38:42 George A. Papandreou talking to Herman van Rompuy 00:00:08
00:38:50 Views of the round table (2 shots) 00:00:15
00:39:05 Jean-Claude Trichet, President of the European Central Bank (ECB) 00:00:12
00:39:17 Angela Merkel 00:00:04
00:39:21 Herman van Rompuy 00:00:07
00:39:28 Silvio Berlusconi and Mark Rutte 00:00:03
00:39:31 Title 00:00:05
00:39:36 General view of the press conference room 00:00:06
00:39:42 Soundbite by Herman van Rompuy (in ENGLISH): I am glad to announce that tonight we have taken important decisions, after a long and good discussion; we agreed on the "Pact for the Euro"; this Pact is an important piece of our response to the public debt crisis. 00:00:16
00:39:58 Soundbite by José Manuel Barroso (in ENGLISH): I think it is an important pact in terms of competitiveness and convergence for the euro area; following the work carried out since the last European Council, the pact now fits fully with the economic strategy set out for the 27 Member States in the annual growth survey which we have tabled in January; it focuses primarily on matters of national competence; I believe it represents an added value, in terms of policy and in terms of ambition, but it is not a parallel exercise, the pact is in line with the treaty rules and its commitments will be brought into the stability programmes and national reform programmes, assessed by the Commission. 00:00:44
00:40:42 Cutaway of journalists 00:00:05
00:40:47 Soundbite by Herman van Rompuy (in ENGLISH): the Euro Pact's objectives are sustainable public finances, a competitive economy and sound financial systems; these objectives may sound familiar; what has changed, however, is the political commitment; the Heads of Government will announce measures under the pact, which they will put in place nationally; so, alongside market pressure, alongside the existing institutional pressure, we will now have strong peer pressure; this will give the commitments under the Pact a politically binding force. 00:00:38
00:41:25 Cutaway of journalists 00:00:04
00:41:29 Soundbite by Herman van Rompuy (in ENGLISH): today we also welcomed the ambitious measures which were announced this morning by the Portuguese Government; these are important measures in themselves; they also reinforce the confidence and solidarity of the partners in the Eurozone. 00:00:15
00:41:45 Cutaway of journalists 00:00:05
00:41:50 Soundbite by Herman van Rompuy (in ENGLISH): concerning the pricing in the Facility, to better take into account debt sustainability we will lower the interest rates, while staying in line with the IMF pricing principles; and, in view of the efforts of Greece, we decided to extend the maturity of the loans to Greece and to lower the interest rates with 1%. 00:00:21
00:42:11 Cutaway of journalists 00:00:05
00:42:16 Soundbite by José Manuel Barroso (in ENGLISH): the European Commission has this evening activated the European Civil Protection Mechanism; this will allow Europe to channel efficiently its assistance to Japan which has requested search and rescue teams for ongoing operations; once again I would like to express our deep solidarity with Japan and the Japanese people in face of one of the biggest tragedies that country knows in its history. 00:00:26
00:42:43 Cutaway of journalists 00:00:04
00:42:47 Herman van Rompuy and José Manuel Barroso leaving the press conference 00:00:15
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