Agriculture and Rural Development - Autumn: 2010

Type: Stockshots [long]   Reference: I-066695   Duration: 11:16:54  Lieu:
End production: 29/09/2010   First transmission: 04/11/2010
The Audiovisual Service of DG Communication has undertaken a comprehensive filming of EU agriculture in Members States, in all sectors, following the seasons of the year. The aim is to provide TV journalists with the most up to date video images of the sector, from planting to harvesting in a very wide number of areas, tillage as well animal rearing, livestock production, dairying, meat product production, fruit and vegetable growing, rural development, agro- tourism etc. The series of stockshots, each of approximately 60 minutes duration, were released throughout 2010. The third in the series, Autumn - 2010, covers different aspects of harvesting, agro-tourism and a livestock show.

Only the original language version is authentic and it prevails in the event of its differing from the translated versions.
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TIME DESCRIPTION DURATION
10:00:00 Credits and title 00:00:20
10:00:20 1. HARVESTING APPLES - SPAIN 00:04:27
10:00:20 Title Denomination of Origin 'Manzana Reineta del Bierzo' apples, grown on the 'Manzana Reineta del Bierzo' apple orchard, in Carracedelo, Northern Spain, are considered to be one of the best eating apples in the EU. The Carracedelo Regional Spanish Association includes around 50 apple growers in Northern Spain, producing more than 40,000 tons of apples per year. The quality of the White Reineta and Grey Reineta produced in the region of El Bierzo is extremely high and superior to the Reineta apples produced in other parts of Spain. 00:00:04
10:00:24 General view of an apple orchard (filmed end 08/2010), Carracedelo, Ponferrada Region, Northern Spain 00:00:05
10:00:29 Close up of a 'Manzana Reineta del Bierzo' apple (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:00:40 Picking apples by hand, putting them in wooden boxes (7 shots) 00:00:47
10:01:27 Wide view of the orchard 00:00:05
10:01:32 Mechanical apple harvesting, El Bierzo (Ponferrada region) The fruit is collected mechanically and is cleaned by a system which employs no moving parts. This allows the debris to be ejected at the rear of the machine. 00:00:05
10:01:37 People working 00:00:05
10:01:42 Workers putting apples into the machine (3 shots) 00:00:17
10:02:00 Detailed shot of cleaning apples 00:00:05
10:02:05 Wide shot of the tractor-mounted apple harvester passing through the orchard 00:00:05
10:02:10 People working (7 shots) 00:00:47
10:02:58 Close up of a machine (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:03:09 Fruit being loaded into boxes (6 shots) The fruit is carried up by an elevator, deposited onto a cleaning conveyor, moved onto the rear discharge elevator and then deposited in the trailer. 00:00:46
10:03:56 Tractor with boxes (4 shots) 00:00:40
10:04:36 Apples in boxes (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:04:47 2. HARVESTING FRUIT - CANARY ISLANDS 00:08:48
10:04:47 Title 00:00:04
10:04:52 General views of plantain trees, La Laguna, Hidalgo Region, Northern Tenerife (2 shots) Plantain, a member of the banana family, is a starchy fruit which is low in sugar and must be cooked before eating. It is used in many savory dishes in a similar way to potatoes and is very popular in Western Africa and the Caribbean countries. 00:00:10
10:05:02 Víctor Martín González entering his plantation This plantation covers an area of 6 ha and is situated in Buenavista del Norte. 00:00:04
10:05:07 Plantain trees 00:00:05
10:05:12 Workers starting the plantains harvest Plantains are generally mature 3 to 6 months after flowering. Mature bananas are harvested while they are still green. 00:00:05
10:05:17 Plantain harvesting cutter, using a machete, and a backer at work (6 shots) The cutter is responsible for cutting down the plant and chopping the stem thus enabling the daughter plant to become the main stem. The backer is responsible for catching the fruit and carrying it to the cableway which carries the fruit to the packing shed. 00:00:58
10:06:16 Worker loading plantain onto a truck (2 shots) 00:00:16
10:06:32 Truck leaving 00:00:07
10:06:39 Worker plucking flowers from the banana bunches (8 shots) 00:00:41
10:07:21 Pan of the plantain orchard 00:00:10
10:07:32 Exterior of the Coisba (Canarias Association of Plantains Producers) banana plantation (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:07:42 Inside the bananas plantation 00:00:14
10:07:56 Individual hands of bananas being removed from the clusters (3 shots) 00:00:23
10:08:19 Individual clusters being washed in fresh water (4 shots) 00:00:24
10:08:44 Grading and sorting the clusters - fruit is packed in corrugated boxes with thin plastic sheets and paperboard padding between each layer (4 shots) 00:00:18
10:09:03 Machine with boxes 00:00:17
10:09:21 Exterior shot with plantain trees 00:00:05
10:09:26 Thomas Gonzales in his papaya orchard which covers 1/2 hectare, Tenerife (2 shots) 00:00:14
10:09:40 Starting the papaya harvest (9 shots) 00:00:53
10:10:33 Washing the fruit (5 shots) 00:00:23
10:10:56 Putting the papayas into boxes (2 shots) 00:00:15
10:11:12 Labelling 00:00:11
10:11:24 Full boxes of papayas (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:11:34 General view of La Orotava, Northern part of Tenerife (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:11:44 Avocado orchard, worker starting the harvest 00:00:11
10:11:55 Picking avocados (10 shots) 00:01:28
10:13:24 People leaving the orchard 00:00:11
10:13:35 3. HARVESTING GRAPES - ROMANIA 00:05:34
10:13:35 Title The Odobesti vineyard, located in the South-East of the Sub Carpathians, is considered to be the oldest vineyard in Romania. It is 7000 hectares wide and cultivates both local and foreign varieties of grapes. Combining winemaking traditions with new technology, Odovitis has the capacity to grow, produce, bottle, store and sell more than 15 000 hl. 2010 was a bad year for Romanian wine producers as due to flooding and high temperatures, the grape harvest was 30% less than normal. 00:00:04
10:13:40 Landscape (filmed end 09/2010), Focsani (Vrancea), Eastern Romania (2 shots) 00:00:12
10:13:53 Hand picking grapes (7 shots) 00:00:45
10:14:39 Loading the tractor (3 shots) 00:00:22
10:15:02 Women picking grapes (5 shots) 00:00:27
10:15:29 Loading the tractor 00:00:15
10:15:45 Tractor leaving (2 shots) 00:00:28
10:16:13 EU sign: investment made in 2004 (2 shots) 00:00:09
10:16:23 Tractor arriving in the vineyard, Focsani 00:00:12
10:16:35 Weighing grapes (3 shots) 00:00:15
10:16:51 Truck leaving 00:00:10
10:17:01 Grapes going into the crusher (10 shots) The corkscrew shaped feeder sits on top of a mechanical crusher. Grape clusters are fed into the machine where they are first crushed, then stemed. Stems are ejected at the end and the juice, skins, seeds and some debris are ejected at the bottom. 00:01:00
10:18:02 Stainless steel fermentation vessels 00:00:05
10:18:07 Bottling process (10 shots) 00:01:03
10:19:10 4. HARVESTING GRAPES - FRANCE 00:03:49
10:19:10 Title The Domaine Moulinier, a family vineyard established in 1980, is located in the heart of Languedoc and is classified as AOC Saint-Chinian. The vineyard stems from the desire to revive poor and stony land, abandoned for a century. The estate now covers 24 hectares and produces an average of 5500 boxes per year, over 3 vintages of red wine, including "Grilled Terraces" and "Seal Script", predominantly Syrah. 00:00:04
10:19:15 Landscape (filmed beginning 09/2010), Domaine Saint-Chinian, Southern France (2 shots) 00:00:13
10:19:28 Close up of grapes (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:19:38 Mechanical harvesting (11 shots) Large tractors at work astride the grapevine trellises and use firm plastic or rubber rods to strike and dislodge the grapes. Mechanical harvesters have the advantage of being able to cover a large area of the vineyard in a relatively short period of time, and with a minimum investment of manpower per harvested ton. 00:01:23
10:21:02 Tractor leaving (2 shots) 00:00:12
10:21:15 Mechanical harvesting 00:00:05
10:21:20 Starting the crushing process (13 shots) Grapes are crushed and stemmed at the same time by a machie which consists of a perforated cylinder containing paddles revolving at 600 to 1,200 revolutions per minute. The grapes are crushed and fall through the cylinder perforations while most of the stems fall out at the end of the cylinder. 00:01:12
10:22:33 Stainless steel fermentation vessels (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:22:43 Grape must (3 shots) 00:00:15
10:22:59 5. HARVESTING RICE - ITALY 00:04:16
10:22:59 Title The Po Valley is one of the only places in Europe which is suitable for substantial rice cultivation due to the need for reasonably warm temperatures and plenty of water. One of the attractions rice offers as a crop is its prodigious yield in comparison to other grains. 00:00:04
10:23:04 Pan shot of the Po Valley, Northern Italy 00:00:14
10:23:19 Landscape with rice 00:00:05
10:23:24 Close up of rice (3 shots) 00:00:15
10:23:39 Combine harvesters (15 shots) Towards the end of the summer, water is drained from the fields to allow them to dry out. Rice is harvested in September to October using special combine harvesters. The grains will have about a 25% humidity levels which will decrease to around 13% within approximately 24 hours of drying in warm air dryers. At this level of humidity, rice is stable for storage at 10°C. 00:01:48
10:25:27 Wide shot of rice, Italian landscape 00:00:05
10:25:32 Tractor entering the grain store (2 shots) 00:00:17
10:25:50 Rice (9 shots) 00:01:09
10:27:00 Landscape with rice (3 shots) 00:00:16
10:27:16 6. HARVESTING HOPS - CZECH REPUBLIC 00:04:18
10:27:16 Title Hops are grown in many locations but not all hop areas have the quality and special properties of the Žatec area in the Czech Republic. The yearly average temperature is 7.5° - 8.5° C. Natural and climatic conditions, soil quality and location of the hop growing areas have a considerable influence on hop quality. 00:00:04
10:27:21 Hop yards 00:00:05
10:27:26 Mechanical harvesting (2 shots) Steknik farm cultivates 140 ha of hops and all are Czech varieties (Saaz ? red hops, Sladek, Premiant, Agnus, Harmonie, Bor, Vital, Kazbek, Rubin). 00:00:11
10:27:37 Tractor pulling down plants (2 shots) 00:00:16
10:27:53 Tractor leaving (2 shots) 00:00:14
10:28:08 Manual harvesting (4 shots) 00:00:37
10:28:45 Wide shot of the hop plants (2 shots) 00:00:15
10:29:01 Hop field which has already been harvested (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:29:11 Close up hops 00:00:05
10:29:17 Interior of the plant 00:00:21
10:29:38 Tractor entering the plant 00:00:07
10:29:45 People working (9 shots) After the harvest, hops must be dried. Good airflow is very important and the temperature of the dryer must not exceed 140 degrees. The hop cones must be turned daily. This process takes about two to three days. It is very important that the hops are thoroughly dry before storage to avoid problems with mould, wilting or even turning and thus not being suitable for brewing. 00:00:50
10:30:36 Worker turning the hops (4 shots) 00:00:22
10:30:58 Close up of dried hops (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:31:08 Storage room (4 shots) 00:00:21
10:31:29 General view of hops yard 00:00:05
10:31:35 7. HARVESTING FLAX - FRANCE 00:06:03
10:31:35 Title Van Robaeys Frères, flax fibre producers, is a flax scutching mill which was created in 1928 and is still owned by the descendants of the founders, the Van Robaeys Brothers. This company's activities range from the supervision of flax planted fields (the whole process, from sowing to harvesting), the transport of the straw to the mill and finally the transformation of the straw into fibres. These fibres are prepared and customized according to the specific needs of each client. The company is specialized in the preparation of textile fibres for flax and cotton milles and technical fibres for insulation and reinforcement. 00:00:04
10:31:40 Landscape with flax, Killem, Northern France (3 shots) 00:00:14
10:31:55 Harvesting flax with mechanized equipment (6 shots) The operation consists of forming balls of straw around 220kg and 125cm in diameter which area then stored and transported to the scutching mill. 00:00:33
10:32:28 Making straw bales (9 shots) Trucks transport about 150 tons of flax straw per day. The balls are unloaded on trailers and stored for few hours before going into production. 00:01:08
10:33:36 Exterior view of a flax plant (Robaeys Frères flax fiber producers) 00:00:05
10:33:41 Arrival of bales of straw (6 shots) 00:00:46
10:34:28 Breaking process where straw is broken into short segments (10 shots) 00:00:54
10:35:22 Wide shot of the interior of the plant 00:00:05
10:35:27 Heckling process (6 shots) The fiber is pulled through various heckling combs or heckles of different sizes. A heckle is a bed of "nails" - sharp, long-tapered, tempered, polished steel pins driven into wooden blocks at regular intervals. 00:00:30
10:35:58 Weighing flax (3 shots) 00:00:18
10:36:16 Flax samples (7 shots) 00:00:37
10:36:54 Flax shop, Killem 00:00:08
10:37:02 Customer looking for clothes made from flax (5 shots) 00:00:36
10:37:38 8. HARVESTING WHEAT - GERMANY 00:04:29
10:37:38 Title The Gut Derenburg farm is a large industrialised family farm, specialising in cereal production, located in the district of Harz, in Saxony-Anhalt. There are five employees using the latest environmentally friendly techniques to grow and harvest wheat, barley, rye, canola and sugar beet. Gut Derenberg has 1,500 hectares of arable land and 860 hectares are cultivated with wheat. This year, on the farm, 83 bushels of wheat have been produced. 00:00:04
10:37:43 Landscape with wheat, Derenburg, Saxony-Anhalt Region, Germany 00:00:05
10:37:48 Close up and general view of wheat (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:37:58 Combine harvester at work (5 shots) 00:00:25
10:38:24 View of the harvesting process from the combine harvester (4 shots) 00:00:21
10:38:45 Ploughing wheat with a combine harvester (2 shots) 00:00:19
10:39:05 Storing wheat 00:00:06
10:39:11 Two combine harvesters at work (9 shots) 00:00:57
10:40:08 Tractor carrying wheat arriving from the field and depositing it (9 shots) 00:01:19
10:41:27 General view of a field, landscape 00:00:05
10:41:32 Tractor ploughing (5 shots) Once the reaping process is finished, a new cycle begins with ploughing. 00:00:34
10:42:07 9. HARVESTING RAPESEED - ENGLAND 00:04:02
10:42:07 Title The Ray and Tongue Farms, a family partnership located in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, specialize in cereal production. They cultivate 55 ha of rapeseed which produces 3 tons of seed per hectare. 00:00:04
10:42:12 Countryside, Cheltenham, County of Gloucestershire (5 shots) 00:00:25
10:42:37 Close-up of a rapeseed plant (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:42:48 Combine harvesters at work (12 shots) 00:01:10
10:43:58 Tractor carrying rapeseed 00:00:09
10:44:08 Taking samples of rapeseeds (4 shots) 00:00:19
10:44:27 Tractor transporting rapeseed, grower showing a few seeds to the camera (6 shots) 00:00:45
10:45:13 Richard Tongue in his office, looking at papers with requests for European funding (6 shots) 00:00:41
10:45:55 Countryside (3 shots) 00:00:15
10:46:10 10. HARVESTING POTATOES - BELGIUM 00:03:19
10:46:10 Title This family owned farm, run by Lionel de Pourcq, in Zulte, Northern Belgium, cultivates their own fields of potatoes (50 ha) but also harvests on other Belgian farmers' fields. The Northern European countries potato yield for 2010 is 2 million tons less than last year at just under 22.9 million tons. 00:00:04
10:46:15 General view of a field, Zulte, Northern Belgium (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:46:25 Potato harvest (18 shots) 00:01:54
10:48:19 Woman picking up the potatoes left on the ground 00:00:05
10:48:24 Tractor 00:00:05
10:48:30 Potatoes coming out of the combine harvester and being stored on a truck (9 shots) 00:00:46
10:49:17 Road sign "Zulte" 00:00:05
10:49:22 Truck on the road 00:00:07
10:49:29 11. HARVESTING SUGARBEET - FRANCE 00:07:47
10:49:29 Title 00:00:04
10:49:34 General view of a sugarbeet field, Boiry-Sainte-Rictrude, Pas-de-Calais, Northern France Tereos is a co-operative agro-industrial group, specializing in the first-stage processing of sugarbeet, sugarcane and cereals. The 12,000 co-operative members are French farmers and have links with an additional 40,000 cereal producing partners. The Tereos group has grown strongly over the past twenty years, increasing its total output of sugars, starch and alcohols fifty-fold. 00:00:06
10:49:41 Close up of sugarbeet leaves (2 shots) 00:00:10
10:49:51 Sugarbeet harvest (17 shots) 00:01:45
10:51:36 Pile of sugarbeet 00:00:07
10:51:43 Sugarbeet being taken from pile and deposited onto a truck (9 shots) 00:01:06
10:52:50 Truck arriving in the factory yard (5 shots) 00:00:37
10:53:28 Laboratory (14 shots) 00:01:26
10:54:54 General view of the factory courtyard 00:00:05
10:55:00 Sugarbeets are chopped up and washed in the factory (9 shots) 00:00:49
10:55:49 Industrial machinery (8 shots) 00:00:47
10:56:37 Another stage of processing the sugarbeet (4 shots) 00:00:28
10:57:05 Exterior of the Sucrerie de Boiry (2 shots) 00:00:11
10:57:16 12. HARVESTING MAIZE - SPAIN 00:03:19
10:57:16 Title 00:00:04
10:57:21 Landscape with maize, Villaquejida, León, Northern Spain 00:00:05
10:57:26 Close up of maize (3 shots) 00:00:15
10:57:42 Starting to harvest (17 shots) 00:01:36
10:59:18 Truck arriving at the farm (2 shots) 00:00:27
10:59:46 Unloading the maize (3 shots) 00:00:20
11:00:07 Inside the farm, cattle eating maize (4 shots) 00:00:24
11:00:31 Exterior of the farm 00:00:05
11:00:36 13. DAIRY FARM - FRANCE 00:02:53
11:00:36 Title Therese and Jean-Bernard Ronckier's family farm has a herd of 50 cows and produce butter. The best cows produce around 30 litres of milk per day at peak production and, on average, the herd produces 3000 litres of milk per cow per year. 00:00:04
11:00:41 Cattle grazing (3 shots) 00:00:17
11:00:59 Exterior of the Jean-Bernard Ronckier farm, family butter producer 00:00:05
11:01:04 Cow milking carousel (6 shots) 00:00:32
11:01:36 Farmer milking (6 shots) 00:00:37
11:02:14 Cows leaving the carousel after being milked 00:00:08
11:02:22 Exterior of the butter making plant 00:00:05
11:02:27 Close up butter processing; the cream is piped to churns 00:00:05
11:02:32 Thérèse Ronckier making the butter (5 shots) 00:00:21
11:02:54 Forming the butter into cubes (3 shots) 00:00:10
11:03:05 Packaging (4 shots) 00:00:25
11:03:30 14. AGRO-TOURISM - ESTONIA 00:02:56
11:03:30 Title 00:00:04
11:03:35 Close up Esko Pere Talu farm entrance, a medium-sized milk farm in Saku, Estonia where several milk products are produced and are then mostly sold locally. The farm owns 40 heads of cattle for milking and another 20 for meat also produces the feed for its cattle. Esko Talu, the farmer, organises tours for people who are interested in seeing how a small ecological farm is run. 00:00:05
11:03:40 Tour starts with an introduction on the farm's history and current activities (3 shots) 00:00:15
11:03:55 Tour continues with visit to cows and calves (10 shots) 00:00:57
11:04:52 Visitors trying cheese, curd and yogurt produced on the farm (11 shots) 00:00:56
11:05:49 Visitors leaving the farm (3 shots) 00:00:15
11:06:04 Esko Pere Talu saying goodbye to his guests (2 shots) 00:00:22
11:06:26 15. LIVESTOCK SHOW - ENGLAND 00:04:07
11:06:26 Title 00:00:04
11:06:31 Exterior shots, visitors looking at different agricultural machines (6 shots) The Dairy Event and Livestock Show is the UK's largest livestock trade show with over 450 exhibitors and attracts about 14,500 visitors from all parts of the UK together with international visitors from over 30 different countries. 00:00:30
11:07:01 Inside the exhibition, visitors, farming systems (7 shots) 00:00:37
11:07:39 Indoor exhibition 00:00:05
11:07:44 Farmer milking, rearing animals, calves, cattle and sheep (17 shots) 00:01:32
11:09:16 Preparing for the Livestock Show (2 shots) 00:00:18
11:09:34 Livestock Show (10 shots) 00:00:59
11:10:34 16. HARVESTING TREES - SLOVENIA 00:06:32
11:10:34 Title Forests cover 58% of its national territory and Slovenia has the third largest area of forest in the EU, after Finland and Sweden. The forest area in Slovenia is expanding using abandoned farmland, primarily meadow and pasture in the more remote parts of the countryside. Forests are a valuable natural resource for Slovenia and provide close to 300 million cubic meters of wood. 00:00:04
11:10:39 Forest landscape (2 shots) 00:00:10
11:10:49 Marking trees for logging (11 shots) 00:01:13
11:12:03 Tending of saplings - trimming weeds with grass-hook, tending young shoots, coating seedlings tips, cleaning with a chain saw (11 shots) 00:00:55
11:12:58 Wood skidding with tractor (15 shots) 00:02:32
11:15:31 Manual logging with a chain saw (11 shots) 00:01:17
11:16:49 Forest landscape 00:00:05
11:16:54 Copyright 00:00:12
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