A History of the European Union: 1994 - 1999

Type: Archives [long]   Reference: I-029395   Duration: 00:29:27  Lieu: Brussels
End production: 21/12/1999
This archive video stockshot presents the main events in the history of the European Union from 1994 to 1999.

Only the original language version is authentic and it prevails in the event of its differing from the translated versions.
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TIME DESCRIPTION DURATION
00:00:00 Generic and title 00:00:28
00:00:28 1. 1994 00:03:32
00:00:28 Title 00:00:05
00:00:33 01/01/1994: Creation of the European Monetary Institute (EMI), embryo of the future European Central Bank - Exterior of the Eurotower, headquarters of the EMI, in Frankfurt 00:00:03
00:00:36 Nameplate in the hall of the EMI 00:00:11
00:00:48 Meeting chaired by Alexandre Lamfalussy, President of the EMI (2 shots) 00:00:06
00:00:54 01/02/1994: End of the enlargement negotiations with Sweden, Finland, Austria and Norway - Round table 00:00:07
00:01:02 Swedish delegation 00:00:04
00:01:07 Finnish delegation 00:00:05
00:01:12 Austrian delegation 00:00:10
00:01:23 Norwegian delegation 00:00:14
00:01:37 09-10/03/1994: Constituent Assembly of the Committee of the Regions in Brussels. Jacques Blanc becomes its first President - General view of the meeting 00:00:07
00:01:44 Election of Jacques Blanc (2 shots) 00:00:14
00:01:59 12-15/04/1994: GATT Signature in Marrakesh of the Multilateral Negotiations of the Uruguay Round - Procession of the Moroccan Royal Guard 00:00:05
00:02:04 Signature ceremony 00:00:04
00:02:08 Signature by Sir Leon Brittan, Vice-President of the EC in charge of External Economic Affairs (North America, Japan, China, Commonwealth of Independent States, Europe, including Central and Eastern Europe) and Trade Policy 00:00:04
00:02:12 Original document 00:00:05
00:02:17 12/06/1994: Election of the European Parliament. Klaus Hänsch will be elected President on 19/07/1994 - Exterior view of the European Parliament building in Brussels 00:00:05
00:02:22 Results of the vote declaring Klaus Hänsch President (3 shots) 00:00:22
00:02:45 12/06/1994: Austrian Referendum on accession to the European Union. The "yes" wins with 66.4% - Exterior view of the Austrian Parliament building in Vienna 00:00:03
00:02:48 Jacques Delors, President of the CEC, and Thomas Klestil, Federal President of Austria 00:00:05
00:02:54 General view of the hemicycle of the Austrian Parliament 00:00:04
00:02:58 15/07/1994: Extraordinary European Council of Brussels. Jacques Santer is elected future President of the European Commission for an initial mandate in January 1995 - Arrival of Jacques Santer, Prime Minister and Minister for Culture and Finance of Luxembourg and future President of the EC 00:00:06
00:03:05 Round table of the Council meeting (2 shots) 00:00:09
00:03:14 15/10/1994: Finnish referendum on accession to the European Union. The "yes" wins with 56.9% - Finnish flag 00:00:02
00:03:17 Polling stations (4 shots) 00:00:15
00:03:32 13/11/1994: Swedish Referendum on accession to the European Union. The "yes" wins with 52.3% - Popular scenes (5 shots) 00:00:17
00:03:49 28/11/1994: Norwegian Referendum on accession to the European Union. The "no" wins with 52.1% - Norwegian flag 00:00:02
00:03:52 Election campaign 00:00:03
00:03:55 Meeting of Gro Harlem Brundtland, Norwegian Prime Minister 00:00:04
00:04:00 2. 1995 00:04:19
00:04:00 Title 00:00:05
00:04:05 02/01/1995: Official entry of Sweden, Finland and Austria into the European Union - Raising of the flags in front of the European Commission in Brussels (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:04:18 23/01/1995: Jacques Santer succeeds Jacques Delors as President of the European Commission - Outside of the Breydel, building of the European Commission in Brussels 00:00:02
00:04:20 Jacques Delors welcomes Jacques Santer (3 shots) 00:00:22
00:04:43 Departure of Jacques Delors 00:00:08
00:04:52 25/01/1995: First official meeting of the Santer Commission - Arrival of Jacques Santer, President of the EC 00:00:04
00:04:56 Round table of the Commission meeting (5 shots) 00:00:22
00:05:19 Group photo of the Santer Commission 00:00:04
00:05:24 06-12/03/1995: World Summit on development in Copenhagen. 182 participating countries recognise the importance of development and of the right to well-being for all - Exterior view of the conference centre 00:00:02
00:05:26 Arrival of Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Secretary General of the United Nations (2 shots) 00:00:09
00:05:36 General view of the plenary session 00:00:02
00:05:39 Statement by Jacques Santer, President of the EC, (in FRENCH) saying that the globalization of the economies must now make sense. 00:00:13
00:05:52 Applause 00:00:03
00:05:56 27/03/1995: First day of the Schengen Convention in force in Germany, France, the Benelux countries and Italy - Channel of 'Schengen passengers' at Brussels-National airport (6 shots) 00:00:20
00:06:17 29/05/1995: Inauguration of the new Council building 'Justus Lipsius' in Brussels - Exterior view of the building 00:00:04
00:06:21 Inaugural ceremony 00:00:05
00:06:27 Symbolic key of the building 00:00:03
00:06:30 Nameplate of the building (3 shots) 00:00:10
00:06:41 02-03/06/1995: 40th Anniversary of the Messina Conference and creation of the think tank at the IGC in Taormina - General views of Taormina (3 shots) 00:00:17
00:06:58 Round table 00:00:06
00:07:04 Group photo 00:00:04
00:07:09 29/06/1995: Inauguration of the European Court of Human Rights - Exterior view of the building in Strasbourg 00:00:03
00:07:13 Group photo 00:00:05
00:07:18 Inaugural ceremony 00:00:15
00:07:33 17/07/1995: Election in the European Parliament of the first Mediator of the European Union, Jacob Söderman - General view of the hemicycle 00:00:05
00:07:39 Result of the vote (2 shots) 00:00:05
00:07:44 Klaus Hänsch, President of the European Parliament, gives his nomination to Jacob Söderman (2 shots) 00:00:07
00:07:52 04/11/1995: Signature in Mauritius of the revised Lome IV Convention between the European Union and the ACP countries - External view of the auditorium 00:00:03
00:07:55 General view of the meeting 00:00:03
00:07:59 Signature by Javier Solana, Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs and President in office of the Council, and João de Deus Pinheiro, Member of the EC in charge of External Relations with African, Caribbean and Pacific Countries and South Africa, and the Lomé Convention 00:00:04
00:08:04 Official document 00:00:08
00:08:13 Exchange of the official documents 00:00:06
00:08:19 3. 1996 00:03:26
00:08:19 Title 00:00:04
00:08:24 29/02/1996: Signature of the Euro-Mediterranean Cooperation Agreement between the European Union and 12 Mediterranean countries - General view of the signature ceremony 00:00:02
00:08:26 Signature by Susanna Agnelli, Italian Minister for Foreign Affairs and President in office of the Council, and the Moroccan Minister for Fishing (2 shots) 00:00:08
00:08:35 Signature by Manuel Marín, Vice-President of the EC in charge of External Relations with Southern Mediterranean Countries, the Middle East, Latin America and Asia (except Japan, China, South Korea, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) including Development Aid 00:00:04
00:08:39 26/03/1996: Launching in of the Intergovernmental Conference 96 (IGC96), charged with the reform of the European Institutions - General view of Turin 00:00:03
00:08:43 Exterior view of the Lingotto building 00:00:02
00:08:45 Susanna Agnelli, Italian Minister for Foreign Affairs and President in office of the Council 00:00:03
00:08:49 Round table (3 shots) 00:00:10
00:09:00 Group photo (2 shots) 00:00:19
00:09:19 12-13/04/1996: Ministerial conference for the rebuilding of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bosnian delegation 00:00:05
00:09:25 Conference presidency 00:00:07
00:09:33 Overall view of the conference 00:00:05
00:09:38 13-17/09/1996: Control of the free elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Electoral posters in Sarajevo (3 shots) 00:00:07
00:09:46 Arrival of Members of the European Parliament at Sarajevo airport (2 shots) 00:00:04
00:09:50 Control of the polls and polling stations in Sarajevo (6 shots) 00:00:24
00:10:15 09-12/11/1996: Visit of Emma Bonino, Member of the EC in charge of Fisheries, Consumer Policy and the European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO), to Rwandan Refugees - Rwandan refugees on the road (3 shots) 00:00:13
00:10:28 Emma Bonino visiting a refugee camp (5 shots) 00:00:21
00:10:50 13/12/1996: The European Council of Dublin reveals the graphic art of the future euro notes, carried out by Austrian artist Robert Kalina - Euro notes for 10, 100 and 500 euro (4 shots) 00:00:13
00:11:03 13/12/1996: Signature in Singapore of the first Treaty with the World Trade Organisation (WTO) - General view of Singapore 00:00:02
00:11:06 Entrance to the conference centre 00:00:04
00:11:10 General view of the meeting 00:00:03
00:11:14 Journalists 00:00:03
00:11:18 Signature ceremony (3 shots) 00:00:14
00:11:32 Statement by Renato Ruggiero, Director General of the WTO, (in ENGLISH) saying that the way forward is further liberalisation. 00:00:13
00:11:46 4. 1997 00:04:31
00:11:46 Title 00:00:05
00:11:51 24/02/1997: Signature of the Euro-Mediterranean Cooperation Agreement between the European Union and the Palestinian Authority - Signature ceremony in the presence of Yasser Arafat, President of the Palestinian Authority, and Hans Van Mierlo, Dutch Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs and President in office of the Council (4 shots) 00:00:27
00:12:18 28/05/1997: The 50th Anniversary of the Marshall Plan gives rise to the signing of the Mutual Assistance Agreement between the European Union and the United States - Flags in the Hague 00:00:05
00:12:23 20/11/1997: During the special European Council of Luxembourg on employment, 20,000 trade unionists demonstrate in the streets of Luxembourg - Signature ceremony 00:00:04
00:12:27 Signature by Madeleine Albright, US Secretary of State 00:00:05
00:12:33 Signature by Sir Leon Brittan, Vice-President of the EC in charge of External Relations with North America, Australia, New-Zealand, Japan, China, Korea, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, Common Commercial Policy and Relations with OECD and WTO; alongside Hans Van Mierlo, Dutch Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs and President in office of the Council, and Madeleine Albright 00:00:03
00:12:37 16-18/06/1997: European Council of Amsterdam decides in favour of the revision of the Treaties. In parallel, the graphic artwork for the euro coins, carried out by Luc Luyckx, is revealed - Exterior view of the 'Nederlandsche Bank', Council meeting venue 00:00:04
00:12:42 The Dutch presidency logo 00:00:02
00:12:44 Group photo 00:00:06
00:12:51 Heads of State or Government with bicycles (2 shots) 00:00:11
00:13:02 Euro coins revealed by Gerrit Zalm, Dutch Minister for Finance and President in office of the Council, and Yves-Thibault de Silguy, Member of the EC in charge of Economic and Financial Affairs, Monetary Matters (in agreement with the President), Credit and Investments and the Statistical Office (3 shots) 00:00:24
00:13:26 16/07/1997: Presentation, before the European Parliament, of the Agenda 2000 of the European Commission by Jacques Santer, President of the EC - Exterior view of the European Parliament in Strasbourg 00:00:08
00:13:35 General view of the hemicycle 00:00:04
00:13:40 Statement by Jacques Santer (in FRENCH) on the Agenda 2000 communication designed by the European Commission. (2 shots) 00:00:28
00:14:08 02/10/1997: Official signature ceremony of the Treaty of Amsterdam. The treaty will enter into force on 01/05/1999 - Exterior view of the royal palace 00:00:08
00:14:17 Signature by Hans Van Mierlo, Dutch Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs and President in office of the Council (2 shots) 00:00:11
00:14:28 Applause (2 shots) 00:00:11
00:14:40 Treaty of Amsterdam (2 shots) 00:00:17
00:14:57 05-06/11/1997: First meeting of Heads of State or Government of the European Union and the ACP countries - General view of the meeting venue 00:00:07
00:15:04 Overall view of the meeting 00:00:04
00:15:09 Round table 00:00:07
00:15:16 João de Deus Pinheiro, Member of the EC in charge of External Relations with African, Caribbean and Pacific Countries and South Africa, and the Lomé Convention, and Jacques Santer, President of the EC 00:00:04
00:15:21 Demonstrators in the streets (5 shots) 00:00:37
00:15:59 Group photo of the Heads of State or Government (2 shots) 00:00:19
00:16:18 5. 1998 00:06:29
00:16:18 Title 00:00:05
00:16:23 03/02/1998: Launching of the campaign "A Flower for the Women of Kabul" by the European Community Humanitarian Office, ECHO - Press conference by Emma Bonino, Member of the EC in charge of Fisheries, Consumer Policy and the European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO) (3 shots) 00:00:14
00:16:37 Campaign poster 00:00:06
00:16:43 12/03/1998: The European Conference in London assembles the countries applying for accession to the European Union - Participants' flags 00:00:05
00:16:48 General view of the meeting 00:00:04
00:16:53 Group photo in the presence of Elizabeth II, Queen of England 00:00:04
00:16:58 30/03/1998: General Affairs Council in Brussels launches the adhesion process for 6 applicant countries (Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, Cyprus) - Group photo 00:00:04
00:17:03 Toast offered by Robin Cook, British Secretary for Foreign Affairs and the Commonwealth and President in office of the Council (3 shots) 00:00:19
00:17:22 02/04/1998: ASEM II in London - Lancaster House, seat of the British Government 00:00:04
00:17:26 General view of the participants 00:00:08
00:17:35 Malaysian delegation 00:00:07
00:17:42 Chinese delegation 00:00:03
00:17:45 Indonesian delegation 00:00:02
00:17:48 Extract from the speech by Tony Blair, British Prime Minister and President in office of the Council, (in ENGLISH) saying that the more transparent, the more disciplined the financial systems, the more committed they all are to trade between their countries, the better it will be for all the people of Europe. 00:00:14
00:18:03 01-02/05/1998: Devoted to the euro, the extraordinary Council of Brussels declares the list of the 11 countries suitable to take part in the Single Currency (Belgium, Germany, Spain, France, Italy, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Austria, Finland). At the same time, Wim Duisenberg is designated President of the future European Central Bank - Euro logo 00:00:07
00:18:10 Flags (2 shots) 00:00:07
00:18:17 Arrival of Tony Blair, British Prime Minister and President in office of the Council 00:00:09
00:18:26 Round table (5 shots) 00:00:29
00:18:55 Group photo 00:00:14
00:19:09 02/07/1998: Inauguration in Frankfurt of the European Central Bank (ECB) - Exterior view of the head office of the ECB 00:00:05
00:19:15 Animation symbolising the passage from the EMI to the ECB 00:00:17
00:19:32 General view of the conference room 00:00:06
00:19:39 Wim Duisenberg, President of the ECB 00:00:06
00:19:45 Speech by Wim Duisenberg (in ENGLISH) saying that the introduction of the Single Currency - the euro - in 11 countries of the EU on 01/01/1999 is more than a milestone in the process of European integration, which having started soon after the second world war, has now been continuing for almost half a century; this process is aimed at maintaining peace and stability and fostering prosperity in Europe. 00:00:36
00:20:22 11/09/1998: Free elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A delegation from the European Parliament and the OSCE takes part in voting supervision - Atmosphere in the streets of Sarajevo 00:00:06
00:20:29 Electoral posters (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:20:41 Voting scenes in Mostar (4 shots) 00:00:33
00:21:15 11-12/12/1998: At the European Council of Vienna, Helmut Kohl, former German Federal Chancellor, receives the honorary title of European Citizen - Viktor Klima, Austrian Federal Chancellor and President in office of the Council, welcomes Jacques Santer, President of the EC 00:00:06
00:21:21 Group photo 00:00:08
00:21:29 Helmut Kohl and Viktor Klima (3 shots) 00:00:35
00:22:04 30/12/1998: Launch of the euro - Meeting room 00:00:04
00:22:09 Yves-Tibault de Silguy, Member of the EC in charge of Economic and Financial Affairs, Monetary Matters (in agreement with the President), Credit and Investments and the Statistical Office, and Jacques Santer, President of the EC, reveal the fixed conversion rates for the euro (2 shots) 00:00:09
00:22:18 Yves-Tibault de Silguy and Wim Duisenberg, President of the European Central Bank, opening a bottle of champagne (3 shots) 00:00:14
00:22:32 Release of blue and yellow balloons in the interior courtyard of the 'Justus Lipsius' building and applause from the children (3 shots) 00:00:14
00:22:47 6. 1999 00:06:56
00:22:47 Title 00:00:05
00:22:52 15/03/1999: A report from independent experts on fraud, bad management and allegations of nepotism pushes the Santer Commission to a collective resignation - Submission of the report to the press (2 shots) 00:00:08
00:23:00 Round table of the Commission meeting 00:00:12
00:23:12 Statement by Jacques Santer, President of the EC, (in FRENCH) on the resignation of the Commission. 00:00:10
00:23:23 24-25/03/1999: At the special European Council of Berlin, the 15 approve the file on 'Agenda 2000' which envisages budgetary reforms, especially for the CAP and the Structural Funds. Romano Prodi is designated future President of the European Commission - European flag 00:00:03
00:23:27 Round table 00:00:05
00:23:33 Group photo 00:00:07
00:23:40 03-04/06/1999: The diplomatic initiatives of Martti Ahtisaari, President of Finland, lead to a political settlement of the conflict in Kosovo, welcomed at the European Council of Cologne - Martti Ahtisaari welcomed by Gerhard Schröder, German Federal Chancellor and President in office of the Council (2 shots) 00:00:18
00:23:59 Round table 00:00:05
00:24:05 Group photo 00:00:05
00:24:10 13/06/1999: European Parliament elections. Nicole Fontaine will be elected President at the plenary session in July - Electoral evening atmosphere in the European Parliament in Strasbourg 00:00:03
00:24:14 Diagram showing the new membership of the European Parliament 00:00:04
00:24:19 28-29/06/1999: First Summit of the Heads of State or Government of the European Union and the Latin America and the Caribbean countries in Rio de Janeiro - Aerial view of Rio 00:00:05
00:24:25 Summit logo 00:00:05
00:24:30 Round table 00:00:05
00:24:36 Signature of the Rio Declaration by Fidel Castro, President of Cuba (2 shots) 00:00:07
00:24:43 Signature by Jacques Santer, President in office of the EC (2 shots) 00:00:05
00:24:49 15/09/1999: The European Parliament votes in favour of the investiture of Romano Prodi to the presidency of the European Commission and also approves the composition of the new Commission - General view of the hemicycle 00:00:04
00:24:53 Proclamation of the vote by Nicole Fontaine, President of the EP (7 shots) 00:00:23
00:25:17 18/09/1999: First meeting of the Prodi Commission - Group photo 00:00:11
00:25:29 Round table 00:00:08
00:25:37 15-16/10/1999: The Justice and Home Affairs Council of Tampere invites the Commission to consider the creation of an area of freedom, security and justice and would like to draft a Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU - European flag and logo of the Finnish presidency 00:00:05
00:25:43 Paavo Tapio Lipponen, Finnish Prime Minister, Romano Prodi, President of the EC, and Martti Ahtisaari, President of Finland and President in office of the Council 00:00:02
00:25:45 Round table 00:00:06
00:25:52 Group photo 00:00:10
00:26:02 18/10/1999: The European Council appoints Javier Solana as High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) - Handshake between Javier Solana and Romano Prodi, President of the EC (2 shots) 00:00:14
00:26:17 Javier Solana in his office (2 shots) 00:00:10
00:26:27 18/10/1999: Presentation of the Report of the wise men Committee lead by Jean-Luc Dehaene on the reform of the Institutions - Handing over of the report to Romano Prodi, President of the EC 00:00:10
00:26:37 30/11-03/12/1999: The 135 members of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) meet in Seattle (United States) to launch a new round of trade negotiations called 'Millennium Round'. However, tens of thousands of demonstrators besiege the meeting. The negotiations are a total failure. - General view of Seattle 00:00:04
00:26:42 Demonstrations against the WTO (7 shots) 00:00:38
00:27:20 General view of the conference 00:00:07
00:27:28 Speakers 00:00:05
00:27:33 WTO logo 00:00:03
00:27:36 Meeting between Pascal Lamy, Member of the EC in charge of Trade, and Mike Moore, Director General of the WTO (3 shots) 00:00:17
00:27:54 General view of the final press conference with Pascal Lamy 00:00:05
00:27:59 Statement by Pascal Lamy (in ENGLISH) on the conclusions of the ministerial conference in Seattle. 00:00:42
00:28:41 10-11/12/1999: The European Council of Helsinki opens the accession negotiations with six new countries. Lithuania, Latvia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania and Malta will begin negotiations in February 2000. Turkey is recognised as having candidate status - Exterior, Finnish flag (2 shots) 00:00:09
00:28:51 Round table with Martti Ahtisaari, President of Finland and President in office of the Council, and Romano Prodi, President of the EC (3 shots) 00:00:20
00:29:11 Group photo (2 shots) 00:00:16
00:29:27 Copyright 00:00:16
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