ECHO: Albania/former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Type: Stockshots [long]   Reference: I-027829   Duration: 00:42:41  Lieu: Tirana
End production: 19/05/1999
The video stockshots covers long-term projects of ECHO in Albania (medical centres, hospitals, drinking water supply) as well as camps and collective centres for the Kosovar refugees in both Albania and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Commissioner Emma Bonino's visit to the camps and her meetings with the Prime Ministers of both countries are included together with her statements and press conferences. These video stockshots illustrate the following themes: 1.Camp under Construction Rrashbull, Albania 2.ECHO Offices Skopje/Tirana 3.Extracts From Press Conferences of Commissioner Emma Bonino (8-9/05/1999) 4.Meetings with the Prime Ministers of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Albania (8-9/05/1999) 5.General Views of ShkodÎr, Albania 6.Collective Centres, ShkodÎr, Albania 7.Refugee Camp, Shengjin, Albania 8.Refugee Camp, Cegrane, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 9.Orphanage, Skopje 10.Border Transit Camp, Blace, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 11.Refugee Camp, Stenkovec 1 (Brazda), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 12. Maternity Hospital, Tirana 13.Drinking Water Supply, Tirana 14.Health Centre of Pajove, Albania 15.General view, Tirana 16.Graphics ECHO (European Community Humanitarian Office) is responsible for administering humanitarian aid on behalf of the European Union. Since 1992, it has become the largest global donor of humanitarian aid providing assistance in more than 70 countries worldwide. This role is carried out in close cooperation with almost 200 partners including the UN relief agencies, the Red Cross and NGOs from all EU Member States and other countries. ECHO has been providing humanitarian aid to Albania since 1992. Before the worsening of the refugee crisis in 1999, ECHO provided almost 25 Meuro in the period 1992-1998. With Albania suffering the consequences of descending into near anarchy in 1997 following the collapse of pyramid financial schemes, ECHO provided support for public health and social services sectors. This included rehabilitation of institutions for the handicapped as well as water and sanitation facilities. 5 Meuro was spent on a food security programme to assist the government's progress towards stability. As the Kosovar refugee problem worsened dramatically in the region in 1999, ECHO cleared a package of humanitarian aid worth 150 Meuro from the Emergency Aid Reserve. This is in addition to the 32 Meuro that have already been made available from ECHO's budget. The top priority of the funding will be shelter. The funding will focus on actions in Albania; the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; Montenegro and Serbia, including Kosovo. 100 Meuro of the reserve will provide a contingency fund to provide aid to resettle people returning to Kosovo as soon as this becomes possible. In the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, ECHO began its operations in 1997, contributing 686,000 euro to date. Officially 121,000 refugees are accommodated in host families (approx. 30,000 are unregistered). ECHO provides complementary feeding and distribution of clothes up to adolescence. It also undertakes basic repairs to houses, including sanitary facilities and electricity. Food parcels are also provided as part of the host family programme. ECHO contribution: 6 Meuro. In the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia one component of the ECHO assistance is the Social Programme. 5,600 families in need are now receiving food parcels and this number will be extended to 15,000 by the end of 1999

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TIME DESCRIPTION DURATION
00:00:00 Generic and title 00:00:27
00:00:28 1. Camp under construction Rrashbull, Albania This temporary camp in a field was set up overnight by a group of 1,200 refugees who had been moved on from Kukes to Tirana. However, all the camps there were full and so they continued on towards Durres to try to find accommodation. They were filmed after enduring a night of heavy rain. 00:04:34
00:00:28 Title 00:00:04
00:00:33 General views (4 shots) 00:00:27
00:01:00 Muddy conditions (4 shots) 00:00:22
00:01:22 Washing scenes (5 shots) 00:00:31
00:01:53 Close-ups of refugees (6 shots) 00:00:36
00:02:29 Baby and family living under truck (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:02:41 Refugees and Belgian army (3 shots) 00:00:18
00:02:59 Statement by refugees in tent saying they travelled 24 hours to Kukes and then 24 hours to Tirana then to here where it rained all night. 00:00:07
00:03:06 Child trying to put on boots 00:00:06
00:03:12 Distribution of disposable baby nappies (2 shots) 00:00:14
00:03:26 Belgian army trying to erect Pakistani tents (5 shots) 00:00:30
00:03:56 Interpreter explaining to refugees how to erect tents 00:00:07
00:04:03 Clothes drying over tents (3 shots) 00:00:19
00:04:22 Statement in ENGLISH from Thomas McGrath, ECHO Information Officer on ECHO assistance for immediate problems, but preference for long term durable accommodation 00:00:18
00:04:40 Statement in ENGLISH from Thomas McGrath on what ECHO is and on it being the largest global donor of humanitarian aid / working through humanitarian organisations 00:00:22
00:05:02 2. ECHO Offices Skopje and Tirana 00:01:23
00:05:02 Title 00:00:04
00:05:07 Skopje office (4 shots) 00:00:22
00:05:30 Tirana office (9 shots) 00:00:56
00:06:26 3. Extracts from press conferences of Commissioner Emma Bonino (8-9/05/1999) The Commissioner in charge of ECHO, the European Community Humanitarian Aid Office, Emma Bonino made a 3-day visit to Albania and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, after visiting Bosnia and Montenegro. She visited tented camps and collective centres in both countries, the Macedonian frontier with Kosovo and meetings with the Prime Ministers of both countries. 00:03:04
00:06:26 Title 00:00:04
00:06:31 Emma Bonino in ENGLISH on: funding not the problem but coordination 00:00:30
00:07:02 Emma Bonino on Macedonia's handling of the refugee crisis 00:00:20
00:07:22 Cutaways (2 shots) 00:00:08
00:07:30 Emma Bonino on the assessment of the camps (09/05/1999) after visits to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Albania 00:00:13
00:07:43 on "the human time-bomb" of the 750,000 displaced people in Kosovo and on the need to praise governments and people of Macedonia, Albania, Montenegro and Bosnia 00:00:51
00:08:34 Emma Bonino on the evacuation by air of refugees 00:00:28
00:09:02 on 200 million Euro for the crisis that has not reduced ECHO assistance elsewhere in the world 00:00:16
00:09:18 Cutaways (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:09:30 4. Meetings with the Prime Ministers of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Albania (8-9/05/1999) 00:01:36
00:09:30 Title 00:00:04
00:09:35 Exterior of Prime Minister's office, Emma Bonino arriving (2 shots) 00:00:10
00:09:46 Round table with Ljupco Georgievski, Prime Minister of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (2 shots) (09/05/1999) 00:00:10
00:09:56 Statement from Emma Bonino in ENGLISH on the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Prime Minister's offer to expand and construct camps 00:00:11
00:10:07 Meeting with Majko Pandeli, Prime Minister of Albania (08/05/1999) 00:00:28
00:10:35 Statement in ALBANIAN by Prime Minister with English translation on his country's desire to accept all refugees and the problems posed to his country 00:00:32
00:11:07 5. General views of Shkoder, Albania 00:01:06
00:11:07 Title 00:00:04
00:11:12 Street scenes (3 shots) 00:00:20
00:11:33 Second-hand clothes market (2 shots) 00:00:13
00:11:46 Fruit and vegetable market (2 shots) 00:00:11
00:11:57 Policeman directing traffic 00:00:06
00:12:03 Refugees queuing to make telephone calls (2 shots) 00:00:10
00:12:13 6. Collective Centres, Shkoder, Albania This camp, opened on 1/05/1999, is designed to accommodate pregnant women, infants, as well as physically and mentally disabled people and their relatives who had been enduring overcrowded conditions at a former tobacco factory also in Shkoder. An unused and damaged factory, the works and refurbishing are still going on to transform it into a collective shelter. New showers, toilets, laundry areas, a central kitchen and electricity and water supply are being installed, as well as cubicles to allow for the isolation and privacy of each family. The registration and health units are already functioning. The current capacity is 800 with a potential of 2000. ECHO contribution 150,000 Euros. 00:06:31
00:12:13 Title 00:00:04
00:12:18 Exterior of former shoe factory (3 shots) 00:00:16
00:12:35 Interior shots with refugees (4 shots) 00:00:21
00:12:56 Doctors surgery (4 shots) 00:00:24
00:13:20 Delivery of milk (5 shots) 00:00:26
00:13:46 Statement in ENGLISH from Raffaele Perondini, LVIA, on their desire to provide facilities for handicapped refugees 00:00:21
00:14:07 Visit of Emma Bonino (07/05/1999) (5 shots) 00:00:38
00:14:45 Bread baking in brand new ovens (6 shots).The brand new bakery provides 50,000 loaves of bread daily and serves not only the nearby collective centres but also delivers bread to Kukes (3 hours by road) on the Kosovo border. 00:00:33
00:15:18 Exterior of collective centre in former tobacco factory (2 shots), in Shkodër, Northern Albania. About 6000 people have been accommodated in 7 buildings of a former factory (about 100 people crammed into one room) since arriving in mid-April. Emergency rehabilitation of facilities has only allowed for an immediate response to the needs. Improvement works are still going on but the situation is still of concern in terms of hygiene, with the toilets only a few metres away from the kitchen, and also in terms of overpopulation. But the situation eased in May (3,500 refugees) with the opening of other centres, including a shoe factory centre a few hundred metres up the street. ECHO contribution: 1.5 Meuro to UNHCR for general coordination of refugees. The NGO running the centre MPDL has requested direct funding. 00:00:12
00:15:30 Views of refugees in grounds of factory (4 shots) 00:00:22
00:15:52 Women washing clothes and collecting water (5 shots) 00:00:30
00:16:22 Kitchen with soup tureens (3 shots) 00:00:17
00:16:39 Sequence of refugees collecting and distributing soup (6 shots) 00:00:31
00:17:10 Refugees in plastic partitioned cubicles (10 shots) 00:00:59
00:18:09 Refugees walking about outside (2 shots) 00:00:11
00:18:20 Statement from Javier Sanchez, MPDL, in ENGLISH on the need for further rehabilitation and the need for ECHO funding 00:00:24
00:18:44 7. Refugee camp, Shengjin, Albania The camp was erected first by the refugees themselves, after provision of tents by the Albanian government. It was reorganised and levelled with gravel (originally being below sea level). Improvements are still going on but the general situation is quite satisfactory in terms of general organisation and provision of services. The camp is erected on the property of nuns who have started school activities for the children. ECHO contribution: 1,165,000 Euro. 00:02:29
00:18:44 Title 00:00:04
00:18:49 Helicopter view of camp and coastline 00:00:08
00:18:58 Emma Bonino arriving by helicopter (2 shots) 00:00:13
00:19:11 Emma Bonino walking to camp (4 shots) 00:00:26
00:19:37 Emma Bonino meeting children in classroom (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:19:49 Small children singing in tent (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:20:01 Old refugees and baby in tent (4 shots) 00:00:23
00:20:24 View of camp and teenagers playing volleyball 00:00:09
00:20:33 Emma Bonino tasting bean stew 00:00:05
00:20:38 Emma Bonino speaking (in ENGLISH) about ECHO's priority of rehabilitation of school buildings for collective centres, rather than tent camps, and assistance for host families 00:00:36
00:21:14 8. Refugee Camp, Cegrane, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia The camp is stretched to the limit in terms of capacity. Some 32,600, 7/05/1999, refugees are accommodated in the camp. The surface area per person is only 12 square metres, which is almost one-third the minimum WHO standard. Basic food is provided by UN World Food Programme. Other complementary food is provided by UNHCR and other international agencies. Availability of water is now estimated at 14 litres/person/day. This is supplemented by bottled water as necessary. Due to the unusually high rate of influx into the camp the number of latrines is inadequate. Over 200 persons have to share one toilet compared to the UNHCR standard of 20 persons/toilet. The major problem is lack of space and its potential impact on health and security in the camp. The camp, which is the latest camp opened, is ever-expanding and has grown as the largest camp in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. UNHCR is trying at all levels to convince the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia authorities to prepare new sites to accommodate new influx. ECHO funding from its 182 Meuro Humanitarian Aid package. 00:05:01
00:21:14 Title 00:00:04
00:21:19 Emma Bonino visiting the camp (5 shots) 00:00:28
00:21:48 Emma Bonino speaking (in ENGLISH) on the importance of efforts to enable refugees to return home 00:00:15
00:22:03 Wide view of camp and mountains (4 shots) 00:00:29
00:22:32 Refugees arriving with cases 00:00:10
00:22:42 Portraits of refugees, young and old (4 shots) 00:00:21
00:23:03 Cooking on open fire 00:00:05
00:23:08 Boy having haircut 00:00:05
00:23:13 Playing volleyball 00:00:05
00:23:18 Portraits of refugees, old and young (5 shots) 00:00:24
00:23:42 Handicapped adolescent in tent 00:00:04
00:23:46 Camp shop 00:00:05
00:23:51 Cleaning latrines (3 shots) 00:00:15
00:24:06 Rubbish removal 00:00:07
00:24:13 Children playing with soldiers and ill old man on stretcher (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:24:25 Women's clinic (4 shots) 00:00:22
00:24:47 Refugees trying to contact relatives by satellite phone (3 shots) 00:00:18
00:25:05 Man explaining in ENGLISH that over a thousand calls are made a day 00:00:07
00:25:12 Queue for satellite telephone service (2 shots) 00:00:11
00:25:23 Children escaping under camp wire 00:00:06
00:25:29 Children staring at the camera 00:00:06
00:25:35 Statement in ENGLISH from UNESCO worker on trying to reunify over 400 children found in the camp without any family members 00:00:22
00:25:57 Statement from refugee young man speaking in ENGLISH on lack of showers since leaving Kosovo (showers not expected to be installed in camp until June) 00:00:18
00:26:16 9. Orphanage, Skopje The 11th of October Orphanage was assisted by ECHO to a total of 205,000 euro in 1993-1994 to rehabilitate the building and supply some equipment. 00:00:35
00:26:16 Title 00:00:04
00:26:21 Emma Bonino visiting orphanage (5 shots) 00:00:30
00:26:51 10. Border transit camp, Blace, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 9/05/1999: The border closed on the Kosovo side and (the empty) camp has been repaired and improved awaiting the next influx of refugees whenever the Serb authorities allow them out of Kosovo 00:01:04
00:26:51 Title 00:00:04
00:26:56 Empty border post with Kosovo 00:00:05
00:27:02 Emma Bonino at border post (2 shots) 00:00:15
00:27:17 Workers entering renovated Blace camp 00:00:13
00:27:30 Emma Bonino in camp 00:00:06
00:27:36 Scenes of empty camps and tents (3 shots) 00:00:20
00:27:56 11. Refugee camp, Stenkovec 1 (Brazda), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia The camp is stretched to the limit in terms of space. Some 26,800 refugees are accommodated in the camp. The surface area per person is only 10 square metres, which is one-third the minimum WHO standard. Due to limited availability of space the number of latrines in the camps are inadequate some 30 persons have to share one toilet. There is a 100-bed hospital, which serves as camp referral hospital for all camps. The the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Ministry of Health also has its presence in the camp. UNHCR is responsible for the overall coordination and management of the camp including registration and protection of the refugees. The Humanitarian Evacuation Programme (HEP) is organised jointly by UNHCR and the International Organisation for Migration. The aim of the programme is to provide temporary relocation for refugees from Kosovo to third countries, pending the possibility of them returning to their country of origin. In the light of the continuing high rate of refugee influx into Macedonia the High Commissioner for Refugees has urged that countries beyond continental Europe take Kosovar refugees under the programme. ECHO funding from its 182 Meuro Humanitarian Aid Package. 00:03:53
00:27:56 Title 00:00:04
00:28:01 Refugees arriving at camp (3 shots) 00:00:21
00:28:23 Emma Bonino visiting camp 00:00:05
00:28:29 View of tents and people 00:00:19
00:28:48 Statement in ENGLISH from refugee woman saying she has her 3 children and her husband with her 00:00:11
00:28:59 Information point for evacuation overseas (2 shots) 00:00:11
00:29:10 People having identity protographs taken (4 shots) 00:00:18
00:29:28 Statement in ENGLISH from aid worker saying that children are being photographed to go to Australia 00:00:16
00:29:44 Refugees crying as they take leave of their families (3 shots) 00:00:28
00:30:12 Medical workers with masks and gloves 00:00:05
00:30:17 Checking identity documents 00:00:05
00:30:22 Child and old woman on bus for Canada (2 shots) 00:00:15
00:30:37 Queue of refugees at Skopje airport 00:00:05
00:30:42 Old woman crying 00:00:05
00:30:47 Statement from refugee young man explaining in ENGLISH that he was in the camp 10 weeks and is leaving with his mother and 2 brothers 00:00:14
00:31:01 Old woman crying while walking to queue 00:00:06
00:31:07 Old couple getting off bus to join queue 00:00:10
00:31:17 Refugees filing through airport gates onto tarmac 00:00:05
00:31:22 Skopje airport viewed from the tarmac 00:00:06
00:31:28 Plane leaves with refugees going into exile 00:00:22
00:31:50 12. Maternity Hospital, Tirana Tirana, population 800,000 (+ 80,000 refugees) has 2 maternity hospitals. The university maternity hospital No. 2 was in a pitiful state before ECHO rehabilitated, repainted and re-equipped large parts of it. The work took six months and was completed in October 1998. The 100-bed hospital has almost 3,000 deliveries per year ( - Albania has the highest birth rate in Europe). Infant mortality has dropped in the hospital from 34 per 1000 to 14. ECHO funded work: 516,000 Euro. 00:03:15
00:31:50 Title 00:00:04
00:31:55 Exterior of hospital (4 shots) 00:00:24
00:32:20 Laboratory with new ECHO equipment (4 shots) 00:00:24
00:32:44 Twins in incubator (2 shots) 00:00:18
00:33:02 Premature baby in incubator (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:33:14 Premature baby being fed milk by syringe (2 shots) 00:00:10
00:33:24 One-day old babies in cots supplied by ECHO (2 shots) 00:00:15
00:33:39 Register of births 00:00:06
00:33:45 Women in ward with new babies (3 shots) 00:00:18
00:34:03 Kosovar refugee woman, Lendita Ramaxhiku, with her new-born baby (2 shots) 00:00:13
00:34:16 Father of baby, Naim Ramaxhiku, speaking in ENGLISH on the joy at the birth of their baby girl, now 5 days old, who just wants to sleep 00:00:17
00:34:33 Director of hospital walking in corridor 00:00:05
00:34:38 Statement in ENGLISH from Doctor Orion Gliozheni, Director, explaining that before ECHO assistance the hospital was in a very poor condition, that now it is completely renovated and re-equipped and that he is sure that it is the best maternity hospital in Albania 00:00:27
00:35:05 13. Drinking Water Supply, Tirana The district of Paskuqan is the newest quarter of Tirana. It has about 15,000 people, mostly farmers who abandoned the poor northern part of Albania after the fall of communism. It has no piped water supply. 40% of the population of this semi-shanty town get their water supply from wells dug just metres from latrines. The rest walk up to 3 km to buy water in containers. The risk of water-borne epidemics led ECHO to support a scheme to construct water mains (8.5 km) with a capacity to supply the expected population of 50,000 (within 5 years). To begin with, water will be distributed by fountains. The project started in December 1998 and will be completed by the summer of 1999. It is one of a number of areas to benefit from ECHO funding: a former industrial area of the city will have a restored piped water supply by July of 1999 serving 42,000 people. Total cost for both projects: 1.85 Meuro. Further projects will cost 2.25 Meuro funded entirely by ECHO. 00:03:22
00:35:05 Title 00:00:04
00:35:10 Elevated view looking towards Paskuqan and polluted river (2 shots) 00:00:09
00:35:20 Burst water pipe 00:00:05
00:35:25 Traffic and residents crossing bridge 00:00:05
00:35:30 Elevated view of new housing (3 shots) 00:00:16
00:35:46 Women fetching water (2 shots) 00:00:08
00:35:55 Sequence of water mains being welded (4 shots) 00:00:24
00:36:19 View of new water mains on unpaved road (2 shots) 00:00:14
00:36:33 Digging trench to lay water mains (4 shots) 00:00:24
00:36:57 New water fountain with ECHO sign (2 shots) 00:00:10
00:37:07 Drawing water from traditional well (3 shots) 00:00:18
00:37:25 Wooden cabin with woman washing clothes (3 shots) 00:00:18
00:37:43 Statement in ALBANIAN from Spahiu Xhepmile, saying to get clean water she must spend three hours a day coming and going to obtain 25 litres,"that's my life because I have 7 children 00:00:19
00:38:02 Statement in FRENCH from Karine Fourmond, Head of Mission, Premier Urgence: 40% of the population drink the water from these wells which are polluted due to the proximity of the latrines. Premier Urgence with ECHO funding is now installing the first piped drinking water network. As it is urgently required, it will not be connected directly to the houses but 20 fountains will supply clean and safe drinking water 00:00:26
00:38:28 14. Health Centre of Pajove, Albania ECHO has 7.6 Meuro worth of projects going on in Albania in 1999. The ECHO District Clinic Rehabilitation Programme covered four clinics in Central Albania, south of Tirana. Sixteen other health centres were supplied with drugs and medicines. The PAJOVE Health Centre is located in the valley of the Shkumbinit River, a productive agricultural area. However, the area has suffered two outbreaks of cholera (1995 and 1996) due to a seriously inadequate water supply. The Clinic/Health Centre now serves a population of 8,200, well over twice the previous number. The rehabilitation work involved demolishing and enlarging parts of the building to provide basic standards of health care including maternity and short-term in-patient facilities. The work undertaken by local contractors took half the time allotted and reopened after 2 months in August 1998. ECHO funding of project: 20,000 euro including equipment and medicines. The other Health Centres are located at Fier, Lushjne and Kavaja. 00:02:23
00:38:28 Title 00:00:04
00:38:33 Views of village and locality (6 shots) 00:00:42
00:39:16 Name-plate for health centre 00:00:05
00:39:21 Exterior views of health centre (2 shots) 00:00:10
00:39:31 Child being examined by doctor (3 shots) 00:00:20
00:39:51 Nurse giving injection (2 shots) 00:00:13
00:40:04 Mother and day-old baby being examined by doctor (4 shots 00:00:28
00:40:32 ECHO poster 00:00:05
00:40:37 Statement from doctor Albert Kreci, Head of Health Centre in ENGLISH. "People are coming to have their babies here not only from this area but from further afield because we have running water, people can clean themselves and we have two nurses working 24 hours a day." 00:00:15
00:40:52 15. General Views, Tirana 00:00:52
00:40:52 Title 00:00:04
00:40:57 Elevated view of Tirana from the montains 00:00:09
00:41:07 Elevated view of main square in Tirana (Skenderbeg) 00:00:10
00:41:17 Opera house with banner saying "NATO in Kosovo" and US military convoy (3 shots) 00:00:17
00:41:34 Elevated view of government buildings and Albanian flag 00:00:05
00:41:39 Traffic on main avenue 00:00:05
00:41:44 16. Graphics 00:01:04
00:41:44 Title 00:00:04
00:41:49 Graphics on aid budget for Kosovar refugees in 1999: ECHO 182 Meuro and Member States 202 Meuro 00:00:11
00:42:01 Evolution of ECHO budget for Albania and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia from 1992-1999 (red - Albania, yellow - the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia). Albania 1992, 2 Meuro, 1993, 106,000 euro, 1994, 1.9 Meuro, 1995, 1.1 Meuro, 1996, 1.3 Meuro, 1997, 6.2 Meuro (the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 0.3 Meuro), 1998, 11.1 Meuro, 1999, 5.6 Meuro, (the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 0.4 Meuro) 00:00:20
00:42:21 Distribution of Albania's ECHO budget (1997-1998) Personnel 15% Foodstuffs 17% Health imputs and implements 23% Water and sanitation 14% Emergency rehabilitation 11% Transport 9% Essential relief items: 3% Other services 3% Reserves 2% Training 1% Visibility programme 1% Agricultural imputs and implements 1% Distribution costs 1% Other 0% 00:00:10
00:42:31 Distribution of Albania ECHO budget 1999 Emergency rehabilitation: 37% Medical 19% Personnel 17% Administrative costs 6% Transport 6% Reserve 3% Foodstuffs 3% Essential relief items 3% Other services 3% Training 1% Water and sanitation 1% Visibility programme 1% Distribution costs 1% External audit 0.09% 00:00:10
00:42:41 Distribution of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia's ECHO budget 1999 Medical 37% Emergency rehabilitation 23% Personnel 20% Administrative costs 6% Reserve 4% Transport 4% Essential relief items 4% Distribution costs 1% Other services 1% Visibility programme 0.2% 00:00:08
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