Cohesion Fund: Portugal and Greece - 1999

Type: Stockshots [long]   Reference: I-027210   Duration: 00:39:07  Lieu:
End production: 24/02/1999
These video stockshots are prepared in advance of the European Council taking place in Berlin on 24-25 March 1999 to decide upon Agenda 2000 including the reform of the Structural Funds and whether or not to continue with the Cohesion Fund. It covers four projects in Portugal including road networks in Lisbon and the Alentejo, anti-pollution measures in the Ave Valley, drinking water supply in the Algarve and an incinerator in Lisbon. In Greece the pictures include two major infrastructural projects including the Egnatia Motorway, linking the western port of Igoumenitsa with the Turkish border, and the modernisation of the countries main railway line from Patra via Athens to Thessaloniki. Pictures also include the rehabilitation of the main Athens dump and a comprehensive system of waste water treatment for the main cities of Crete.

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TIME DESCRIPTION DURATION
00:00:00 Generic & title 00:00:27
00:00:27 1. PORTUGAL 00:14:01
00:00:27 Title 00:00:05
00:00:27 1.1 Incinerator of S. João da Talha, Lisbon The yearly production of 700,000 tonnes of municipal solid waste in the greater Lisbon area has rendered the traditional sanitary landfill disposal system unmanageable. The construction of the incinerator will not only reduce the refuse by at least 80 percent thus relieving the area of landfills, but also generate electricity for its own consumption as well as for sale. The incinerator is part of a global waste disposal project managed by the company Valorsul S.A. which comprises other developments including: a system for monitoring air quality, a new sanitary landfill for refuse from the incinerator, organic recycling centre and a waste sorting centre. Cost of the Global Project: 194 MECU, Cohesion Fund 97 MECU." 00:00:00
00:00:32 General view of the incineration plant from the Vasco da Gama Bridge 00:00:05
00:00:37 Exterior views of the incinerator and Cohesion Fund panel (3 shots) 00:00:27
00:01:04 Exterior view of the receiving bunker and interior views (4 shots) 00:00:26
00:01:30 Interior of the incinerator; ventilating system (2 shots), incineration ovens (2 shots), control room (3 shots) 00:00:51
00:02:21 Final exterior shot of chimney 00:00:10
00:02:31 Sanitary landfill developed under the Valorsul project: Entrance to the sanitary landfill enclosure (2 shots) 00:00:10
00:02:41 Trucks depositing waste in an old landfill (4 shots) 00:00:22
00:03:03 Preparation of new sanitary landfill for refuse produced by the incinerator and laying of an impermeable synthetic liner to prevent contaminated liquid from leaving the landfill (3 shots) 00:00:14
00:03:17 View of a sanitary landfill in use 00:00:13
00:03:30 View of nearby urban area 00:00:05
00:03:35 1.2. Pollution Abatement of the Ave Valley, Minho The Valley of the Ave through which the River Ave and it tributaries flow is an intensely populated region and is both agricultural and industrial in character. There are up to 700 industrial units listed in the region of which a third are in the textile sector. Due to these industries concentrated mainly around the communes of Guimarães, Santo Tirso and Vila Nova de Famalicão the levels of pollution registered in the river waters have become unacceptable. The pollution abatement project led by a Local Council Association, AMAVE, has helped to breathe some life back into an ecologically damaged river. Through the construction of a network of pipes connecting the industries to three new water treatment plants (Serzedelo, Rabada and Agra) local factories are able to channel their used water to treatment plants rather than draining it back into the river. Total cost : 51 MECU; Cohesion Fund : 44 MECU." 00:00:00
00:03:35 Title 00:00:05
00:03:40 Graphic illustrating the network of Water Treatment Plants and the river Ave in the Ave Valley 00:00:01
00:03:41 Yellow and Black triangles indicating the three main industrial water treatment plants: Sezerdelo, Rabada and Agra 00:00:03
00:03:44 Blue and Black Triangles indicating domestic water treatment plants 00:00:03
00:03:47 Panel mentioning the contribution by the European Union to the project (2 shots) 00:00:05
00:03:52 Sezerdelo Waste Water Treatment Plant: water being channelled to filter, close up of filter and bits of waste being filtered out onto conveyor belt (6 shots), water homogenising tanks (3 shots), biological cleansing tanks (5 shots). 00:01:13
00:05:05 Treatment of residues: general view of machine separating water from residue, close up of residue, residue coming out after being pressed by machine and falling onto a conveyor belt (3 shots) 00:00:25
00:05:30 View of conveyor belt which goes outside and fills bags of residue which will later be buried in a landfill seen in the background (2 shots) 00:00:09
00:05:39 General view of bags of residue and landfill in the background (2 shots) 00:00:10
00:05:49 Exterior of a textile factory already connected to pollution abatement system with close up pipes (2 shots) 00:00:09
00:05:58 Disconnected factory discharging polluted water into a tributary of the River Ave (3 shots) 00:00:13
00:06:11 Interview with José Ribeiro, President of the AMAVE (Association of Local Councils of the Valley of the Ave Region), in PORTUGUESE: "The river was virtually dead and so the idea and the need of presenting this project to the Cohesion Fund came about. It is obviously a project which will have a great impact on the region and which will substantially improve the quality of life of the local people." 00:00:32
00:06:43 1.3 Drinking Water Supply System, Sotavento, Algarve The Eastern region of the Algarve, Sotavento, is an area of very low rainfall and has traditionally used groundwater for all its water needs. Agricultural activities, leaving excess nitrates in the water supply and excess use, leading to depletion, resulted in a low quality scarce water supply. The Sotavento Project addressed this urgent situation by resorting to water reservoirs for supplies, overseeing the construction of a water purification plant in Tavira, and installing several water pumping stations and 130 kms of pipes. The project has ensured clean, high quality tap water to all a local population of 175.000 inhabitants but is prepared to supply up to 530.000 inhabitants during the summer months. Total Cost: 49.246.542 Euros (100%) Cohesion Fund contribution: 41.367.095 Euros (84%) " 00:00:00
00:06:43 Title 00:00:05
00:06:48 Graphic depicting the water system in Sotavento: region depicted 00:00:00
00:06:49 Sotavento region with reservoirs 00:00:01
00:06:50 Water transport pipe network 00:00:02
00:06:52 Water purification plants; Tavira and Beliche 00:00:02
00:06:54 Water pumping stations indicated by red triangles 00:00:04
00:06:58 Panels on the Cohesion Funds (2 shots) 00:00:10
00:07:08 Beliche Water Reservoir: water pumping device (2 shots) 00:00:10
00:07:18 General views of the water reservoir (3 shots) 00:00:32
00:07:50 Entrance and general view of the Tavira Water Purification Plant (2 shots) 00:00:09
00:07:59 Tavira Water Purification Plant: water tanks (5 shots) 00:00:27
00:08:26 Cleaning of the filters (3 shots) 00:00:13
00:08:39 Water quality testing laboratory (3 shots) 00:00:18
00:08:57 Control room (3 shots) 00:00:17
00:09:14 General views of Tavira and drinking fountain (6 shots) 00:00:33
00:09:47 Interview with José António Campos Correia, President of Sotavento S.A, in PORTUGUESE: "This is a project of structural dimensions which will change the lives of local people and the Algarve itself. It will help the local economy, which is especially reliant on tourism, to develop in a sustained and balanced way. It was a very costly project , and required a great investment, in this context, the Cohesion Fund's role was essential. The Cohesion Fund contribution amounted to 84 percent of the total cost and without it the project would not have been viable." 00:00:39
00:10:26 1.4 Road Network in Lisbon and Alentejo The road network in Lisbon and all around the country has grown immensely in the last ten years bringing cities and towns closer together. It has undoubtedly contributed to the development of local and international trade. BRISA, founded in 1972 , is the principal organisation company undertaking the design, construction and operation of Portuguese motorways. It presently has 830 kilometres of motorway. Illustrated projects include: CRIL - urban stretch of motorway, under care of the government road agency JAE - Total cost : 72 MECU - Cohesion Fund : 43 MECU CREL - new stretch of urban motorway on the periphery of northern Lisbon (BRISA) - Total cost : 224 MECU - Cohesion Fund : 103 MECU A6 - new motorway which will link Lisbon and the Alentejo directly to Spain (BRISA) - Total cost : 46 MECU - Cohesion Fund : 37 MECU Vasco da Gama Bridge - 18 Km stretch of bridge linking the north and south shore of the river Tagus with a total cost of 603 MECU, Cohesion Fund : 311 MECU." 00:00:00
00:10:26 Title 00:00:05
00:10:31 Graphic illustrating the Motorway network in Portugal,outline of the new motorway to Spain, the A6 00:00:03
00:10:35 Detail of the Lisbon area: outlining of the CREL, followed by the CRIL and finally the Vasco da Gama Bridge and access motorway 00:00:07
00:10:42 CRIL - Urban Motorway (7 shots) 00:00:45
00:11:27 CREL (10 shots) 00:00:49
00:12:16 A6 linking the south of Portugal to Spain via the Alentejo (7 shots) 00:00:39
00:12:55 Vasco da Gama Bridge (5 shots) 00:00:35
00:13:30 Aerial views of the Bridge Vasco da Gama (4 shots) 00:00:22
00:13:52 Interview with Beatriz Robalo de Gattel, in PORTUGUESE: "In order for the construction of the bridge to be completed the contribution made by the Cohesion Fund was absolutely essential. The Cohesion Funds contributed 63.000.000.000 PTE, no small amount. The total cost of the bridge was of 180.000.000.000 PTE so it is obvious how important the Cohesion Fund financing was. It made the completion of the bridge a reality." 00:00:36
00:14:28 2.1 Railway Modernisation, Central Greece In order to create a viable alternative to road transport the Cohesion Funds are aiding a comprehensive regeneration of Greece's main railway line linking Athens with Patra and Thessaloniki. It includes doubling of the line (Athens -Thessaloniki - 520kms) and upgrading it to high speed standard, electrification and improved signalling, as well as the acquisition of new locomotives. All of this is being aided either by the Cohesion Fund or the Structural Funds. In order to reduce journey times from six to under four and a half hours major engineering works have had to be undertaken, in particular the construction of a series of bridges and also tunnels under Mount Olympus. The 8.5km tunnels will be ready by 2000 to take double line tracks for use by trains at speeds of 260 km per hour. The present speed in the Tempi valley is 60 km per hour. Cost of tunnels and bridges 251.4 MECU; Cohesion Fund 213.7 (85%). Electrification 180 MECU, Cohesion Fund 153 MECU (85%). " 00:00:00
00:14:28 Title 00:00:05
00:14:33 Map showing railway line: Patra - Athens - Thessaloniki 00:00:05
00:14:39 Elevated view of the Tempi Valley, new tunnels and train on old bridge (3 shots) 00:00:15
00:14:54 Flock of sheep with shepherd beside river 00:00:05
00:14:59 New railway bridge under construction 00:00:05
00:15:04 Construction workers and activity inside Tempi tunnels (7 shots) 00:00:58
00:16:02 Cohesion Fund sign with tunnel (2 shots) 00:00:14
00:16:16 Tunnel excavation under Platamonas town (7 shots) 00:00:45
00:17:01 Passengers at Larissa station, central Greece (5 shots) 00:00:23
00:17:24 Three Cohesion Fund signs for various works on line plus inter-city train 00:00:25
00:17:49 Local train passing new electric signals and old semaphore mechanical signal (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:18:01 Statement from Dr. Christos Tsitouras, General Manager Hellenic Railways Projects Organisation (in GREEK): "A comprehensive programme to improve and develop the railways is underway. It will cost 1.5 billion euros with the assistance of the EU Cohesion Fund. The big works now taking place range from civil engineering to the electrification of the route from Patra to Athens and Thessaloniki. These will transform it into a high speed line. Journey times will be reduced and facilities for passengers will be improved, so making the railway competitive with other forms of transport in our country." 00:00:31
00:18:32 2.2 Egnatia Motorway, Northern Greece The Egnatia motorway project is probably the largest civil engineering project underway in Europe. It is one of the priority Transeuropean Networks of the EU. For part of its 680 kms it follows the second century BC Roman road after which it is named. The ancient route was a continuation of the Appian Way in Italy. The new motorway, when finally open, will be a major link between East and West and north and south linking the western port of Igoumenitsa via Thessaloniki to the eastern port of Alexandropuli and on to the Turkish border and by eight major link roads to all the neighbouring Balkan countries. The linking roads to the motorway will total 720 kms. Designed to develop northern Greece as an East-West transport hub and gateway for the Balkans, centred on Thessaloniki, it is expected to spur major expansion for the economy of the region. At present 120 kms are open to traffic (using upgraded existing roads) with 403 kms under construction The western section through the Northern Pindos mountains is particularly difficult to construct. It is there that the majority of the 40 kms of tunnels are being constructed. Total estimated cost for fully completed route is 2600 MECU. For the period 1993-1998 Cohesion Fund contribution 223 MECU. " 00:00:00
00:18:32 Title 00:00:03
00:18:35 Map showing motorway routes from Igoumenitsa (west) via Thessaloniki to the Turkish border 00:00:06
00:18:42 Views of port of Kavala (2 shots) 00:00:16
00:18:58 Heavy vehicle traffic in city centre (2 shots) 00:00:14
00:19:12 Elevated view of Kavala and ancient Roman road - Via Egnatia - and new Egnatia motorway (4 shots) 00:00:33
00:19:45 New motorway bridge on mountainside, Kavala 00:00:11
00:19:56 Bridges over ravines under construction, Kavala (2 shots) 00:00:21
00:20:17 Motorway under construction at Kavala (4 shots) 00:00:21
00:20:38 Views of Thessaloniki (3 shots) 00:00:18
00:20:56 Egnatia Street, sign and traffic in downtown Thessaloniki (3 shots) 00:00:16
00:21:12 Valley through which new motorway will pass (section from Igoumenitsa - Ioaninna) 00:00:10
00:21:22 Cohesion Funds sign 00:00:05
00:21:27 Road and tunnels under construction (6 shots) 00:00:43
00:22:10 Completed section (unopened) of motorway/travelling shots (2 shots) 00:00:16
00:22:26 Existing national route: Katara Pass (1700m) lorries blocked by snow (2 shots) 00:00:14
00:22:40 EU sign on national route (2 shots) 00:00:14
00:22:54 Sign post for Thessaloniki at Igoumenitsa port 00:00:05
00:22:59 Scenes at port of Igoumenitsa (8 shots) 00:00:46
00:23:45 Statement by Christos Georganopoulos, Design Manager, Egnatia Odos AE (in GREEK): "It's a work that will help very much the social, economic and cultural development of northern Greece. When the road is ready and open for traffic it will help develop not only this country but will also help Greece to link up with the other Balkan states." 00:00:30
00:24:15 2.3 Ano Liosa Landfill, Athens The Ano Liosa municipal landfill site for Athens, has benefited from Cohesion Fund money to landscape a part of the mountain site which is now full. The side of the mountain has been filled and contoured and planted with hardy plants and trees, with a permanent system of irrigation provided by the treated waste water coming from the former dump. The power for the water pumps is provided by electricity generated from bio-gas (methane) which is being trapped by a network of underground pipes in the landfill. The rehabilitation has resulted in an ugly eyesore being transformed into to an attractive mountainside. New ecologically sound landfill sites have been constructed on the other side of the mountain to treat the 4000 tons of refuse deposited daily. Total eligible expenditure 16.7 MECU, Cohesion Fund contribution 13.3 MECU. " 00:00:00
00:24:15 Title 00:00:03
00:24:19 Elevated view of Athens and the Acropolis / street scene (3 shots) 00:00:24
00:24:43 Overflowing rubbish bin in residential street 00:00:05
00:24:48 Refuse trucks arriving at old landfill, emptying rubbish (4 shots) 00:00:32
00:25:20 Cohesion Fund sign 00:00:04
00:25:24 Rehabilitated mountainside with landscaping (3 shots) 00:00:24
00:25:48 Bio-gas recycling plant and waste water treatment plant (3 shots) 00:00:20
00:26:08 New landfill with machines crushing refuse (2 shots) 00:00:19
00:26:27 Statement by Jannis Hundis, Project Director (in GREEK): "The rehabilitation of the Ano Liosa landfill was very important for environmental reasons, to return the place to its natural state for use by the people of the area. Environmental improvement works have been carried out to recover both methane gas and polluted water. The gas will be used for electricity generation and the water will be cleaned and recycled. To restore the site, a programme of landscaping and tree planting has been carried out" 00:00:26
00:26:53 2.4 Sewage Treatment and Water Supply, Crete The three main cities of Crete are situated on its northern coast. Until ten years ago there was no treatment of the sewage emptied into the sea. In order to bring the sea water quality up to EU standards a comprehensive waste water treatment scheme has been undertaken. It involves the cities of Chania, Rethymnon and Iraklion. Waste water treatment plants have been built in all three cities providing secondary treatment with the resultant water being re-used for agricultural use. Irrigation networks are being constructed in the heavily farmed area close to Iraklion. In Rethymnon, the entire old town has been given a new drinking water supply and sewage system, as well as an underground electricity and telecommunications network. By the summer of 1999 there will be no more untreated sewage discharging into the sea along the heavily populated and tourist area of northern Crete." 00:00:00
00:26:53 Title 00:00:03
00:26:56 Views of coastline and sea, northern Crete (3 shots) 00:00:16
00:27:12 Elevated view of Rethymnon town. Rethymnon is an ancient town which has been dependent on the sewage and water system originally laid by the Venetian over 400 years ago. For decades the system has been in ruin with resultant pollution problems. Cracked sewers meant serious flooding and rising damp in winter and unacceptable smells in summer. Leaking drinking water pipes gave rise to the risk of epidemics. The sewers emptied untreated into the harbour and close to the popular tourist beaches. An ancient Venetian well was discovered in the centre of one the cities streets during the massive rebuilding programme. 55 kms of water pipes, 65 kms of sewers, 40 kms of storm drains as well as electricity cables and telecommunication cables have been laid. A biological waste water treatment plant has been constructed also. Work commenced in 1997, but due to the need to stop every summer for tourist reasons the works will not be completed until the end of 1999. Cost for water supply and sewage system 18.7 MECU, Cohesion Fund contribution 13.4 MECU. 00:00:05
00:27:17 Dredging sludge from harbour (3 shots) 00:00:20
00:27:37 Old town and streets (2 shots) 00:00:13
00:27:50 Cohesion Fund sign (in Greek and English) 00:00:09
00:27:59 Venetians era well (2 shots) 00:00:10
00:28:09 Removal of ancient sewers and installation of new ones (5 shots) 00:00:52
00:29:01 Pile of pipes of old Venetian water and sewer pipes 00:00:05
00:29:06 Laying new drinking water mains, electricity and telephone cables (10 shots) 00:00:56
00:30:02 Old overhead electricity cables and poles, awaiting removal (4 shots) 00:00:23
00:30:25 Working on new telephone cables (3 shots) 00:00:30
00:30:55 Re-laying street with stone sets (3 shots) 00:00:24
00:31:19 Completed street (2 shots) 00:00:16
00:31:35 Statement by Emmanouil Spanoudakis, Project Director (in GREEK): "We are reconstructing the water and sewage network in Rethymnon, stopping the pollution of the sea and also protecting the citizens health by providing clean drinking water and ending the rising damp in the buildings. This work is also helping to show off the cultural heritage of the town." 00:00:17
00:31:52 Black 00:00:00
00:31:52 Views of city of Iraklion (7 shots). The completion of the sewage network and pumping stations and the construction of the new biological waste water treatment works to serve Iraklion (pop 166.000) providing secondary treatment and partial tertiary treatment (nitrogen removal). Bio-gas recovered from the treatment process is used to produce 30% of the plants electricity needs. Recovered solid material is being used for compost. Cost 24.2 MECU. Cohesion Fund provides 21.1 MECU. 00:00:35
00:32:28 Exterior view of waste water treatment plant (2 shots) 00:00:16
00:32:44 Control room (3 shots) 00:00:17
00:33:01 First settlement tank 00:00:15
00:33:16 Aeration tanks (4 shots) 00:00:17
00:33:33 Anaerobic digester bio-gas making plant (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:33:45 Bio-gas burner (3 shots) 00:00:18
00:34:03 Dry solid material - compost 00:00:09
00:34:12 Cleaned water (2 shots) 00:00:09
00:34:21 Black 00:00:00
00:34:21 Views of city of Chania (5 shots). Chania, the chief city of western Crete, (pop 80.000) has had its biological waste water treatment plant (built by the city) upgraded and it is now being extended. Another scheme is completing the construction of separate sewage and rainwater networks. The result will be secondary treatment for all the cities waste water and its increased capacity will allow it to deal adequately with the yearly influx of tourists. Completion of biological treatment plant 7.6 MECU, Cohesion Fund contribution 6.4 MECU. 00:00:41
00:35:03 Elevated view of waste water treatment plant / clean sea water (3 shots) 00:00:24
00:35:27 Elevated view of treatment plant installations (2 shots) 00:00:24
00:35:51 Bio-gas (methane) being flared off (2 shots) 00:00:16
00:36:07 Two new aeration tanks under construction 00:00:06
00:36:13 2.5 Storm Drain, Chania, Crete A small river which flows through a swamp at the western edge of the city of Chania occasionally caused severe flooding to the surrounding area. Work commenced in 1997 to straighten the river and drain a large part of the swamp. The new culvert is capable of taking the considerable seasonal flow of water created by melting snow from the mountains. The culvert is lined with cement but also with stones to trap particles of soil to assist the re-generation of flora and fauna. The mosquito-ridden and foul smelling swamp has been cleaned up. Total eligible expenditure on rainwater and sewage network 11 MECU, Cohesion Fund contribution 8.8 MECU." 00:00:00
00:36:13 Title 00:00:03
00:36:16 Bridge and traffic over drain 00:00:04
00:36:21 Re-vegetation in new water course (2 shots) 00:00:11
00:36:32 View of straightened and walled storm drain entering the sea (3 shots) 00:00:17
00:36:49 Footbridge under construction (5 shots) 00:00:22
00:37:11 Tree on constructed island in water course 00:00:08
00:37:19 2.6 Port Improvement, Iraklion, Crete Iraklion is the main port of Crete. It handles 2.5 million tons of traffic annually as well as 1.5 million passengers. Exports through the port are mostly wine and olive oil, imports include wood, machinery and building materials. The port requires new berths and handling facilities to deal with traffic. Two existing quays are being unified and the harbour dredged. This will increase the capacity of the port by 100%. Work commenced in 1995 and will be completed by the end of 1999. Cost 24 MECU, Cohesion Fund contribution 15.6 MECU." 00:00:00
00:37:19 Title 00:00:03
00:37:22 Elevated views of cargo and ferry in port (2 shots) 00:00:28
00:37:51 Unloading cargo (4 shots) 00:00:31
00:38:22 Partially completed quay 00:00:12
00:38:34 Cohesion Fund sign 00:00:05
00:38:39 New quay under construction (3 shots) 00:00:15
00:39:07 End 00:00:04
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