Type: Stockshots [long]   Référence: I006228   Durée: 27:50  Lieu:
The European Commission espouses a dual standard on its tobacco and smoking policies. On one hand in advocates protection of the fragile rural communites which survive on tobacco cultivation and on the other it invests large sums in persuading Europeans to either give up smoking or not to take it up. The Agricultre Council adopted a tobacco reform in June 1998 which places more emphasis on the quality of tobacco cultivated in Europe. The region of Xanthi in Northern Greece, illustrated in these video stockshots, is one of the typical areas where the possibility of growing tobacco protects a poor and fragile mountanious rural community.This video dossier illustrates the following points:I. Tobacco Production in Greece- Cultivation of Basma, oriental variety of tobacco in Northern Greece, Thrace- Interview with a tobacco farmer from Northern Greece, Thrace- Tobacco processing factory in Northern Greece, Thrace- Cultivation of Virginia tobacco in Southern Greece, Agrinion- Interview with Director of Purchase and Trade of the Greek National Tobacco Board, Mr Zografos, AthensII.Tobacco Production Reform- Protest by tobacco growers in Brussels, 17.12.97- Commissioner Franz Fischler speaking on the tobacco reform, 18.12.97III.Cigarette Production- Cigarette factory in BelgiumIV.Smoking and Health- Smoking ban in public places- Smokers of different ages- Hospital treatments for smokers- Commissioner Pádraig Flynn speaking on the anti-smoking campaign, 18.12.97V.Graphics- Percentage of smokers in the European Union- Evolution of tobacco-related deaths- Production of raw tobacco in the European Union- Global raw tobacco production- EU expenditure on tobacco subsidies- European Union tobacco consumption in relation to European Union tobacco imports

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00:00:00 2."I. TOBACCO PRODUCTION IN GREECEThrace, Northern GreeceBasma is a high quality oriental variation of tobacco mainly grown in the mountainous region of Thrace in Northern Greece.It is a crop that requires a lot of time and care to cultivate. The tobacco plantations are harvested once a year between July and October. In the area of Xanthi tobacco cultivation is a way of subsistence for a Turkish Muslim minority that live in the mountains close to the Turkish border. Often tobacco fields can be extremely small and the average tobacco farmer produces 300 to 400 kilos of tobacco a year." 00:00:00
00:00:00 1."General view of tobacco fields in the mountains above Xanthi, North of Greece" 00:00:08
00:00:08 3.Medium view of small tobacco plantations 00:00:03
00:00:11 4.General view of tobacco field and house 00:00:05
00:00:16 5.Woman tending her own tobacco field with pesticide 00:00:07
00:00:23 6.Small Basma tobacco field 00:00:05
00:00:28 7.Close up of a ruined tobacco plantation 00:00:07
00:00:35 8.General view of spoilt tobacco field 00:00:06
00:00:41 9.View of a donkey cart carrying tobacco on the back in baskets 00:00:06
00:00:47 General view of workers harvesting at dawn 00:00:08
00:00:47 10.Harvesting and piercing tobacco leaves at dawn 00:00:35
00:00:55 Medium shot of two workers at dawn 00:00:05
00:01:00 Artistic view of lamp and moon 00:00:07
00:01:07 Workers piercing leaves 00:00:05
00:01:12 Close up of needles piercing leaves 00:00:04
00:01:16 Medium shot of threading leaves 00:00:06
00:01:22 General view of field with workers harvesting leaves 00:00:06
00:01:22 11.Basma Harvest in a large field that yields approximately 1.5 tonnes of tobacco per year. 00:02:31
00:01:28 Medium shot of worker picking leaves and placing them in special tray (3 shots) 00:00:12
00:01:40 Front view of worker picking leaves 00:00:04
00:01:44 Close up of hands picking leaves 00:00:06
00:01:50 General view of farmer's wife coming to pick up full boxes (2 shots) 00:00:21
00:02:11 Placing trays of tobacco leaves on machine for piercing and threading 00:00:17
00:02:28 Close up of man turning handle to pierce the leaves 00:00:04
00:02:32 General view with man preparing to thread needles 00:00:12
00:02:44 Close up needles piercing the leaves 00:00:12
00:02:56 Lifting leaves from trays 00:00:02
00:02:58 Farmer and his wife hanging leaves to dry on metal structures (3 shots) 00:00:26
00:03:24 Different shots of dry hanging leaves (3 shots) 00:00:29
00:03:53 "I have been cultivating tobacco for 23 years, ever since I started a family. But tobacco cultivation was passed down the generations from my grandfather to my father. Tobacco is a traditional way of life for my family; a tradition inherited down the generations." 00:00:19
00:03:53 12.Interview in Greek with Farmer 00:00:33
00:04:12 "The soil conditions in this area are such that we cannot contemplate another cultivation to replace tobacco. We have no water, no fertile land which could allow us to replace tobacco and earn our living from other crops" 00:00:14
00:04:26 Exterior view of the A. Michailides S.A. tobacco Processing factory in Xanthi 00:00:07
00:04:26 13.Processing FactoryThe A. Michailides S.A. tobacco processing factory in Xanthi is the biggest and most modern of it kind in Greece. Specific blends of basma tobacco are produced in the factory to meet the needs of the buyers. 00:04:12
00:04:33 Area where bails of tobacco are received from farmers (4 shots) 00:00:09
00:04:42 Shots of women workers by the conveyor belt separating bad leaves from good (5 shots) 00:00:19
00:05:01 Worker carries bail of tobacco on factory floor 00:00:51
00:05:52 Shots of the second phase of leaf separation (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:06:04 Leaves ready for pressing on conveyor belt (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:06:16 Pressed leaves coming out of machine ready for weighing and packaging (5 shots) 00:00:35
00:06:51 "Agrinion, South of Greece is also an important tobacco cultivation area mainly producing Virginia tobacco. Virginia is a North American variety of tobacco of lesser quality which grows up to two metres in height and is used in bigger quantities in cigarette blends. There are 10.000 hectares of tobacco cultivation in the Agrinion area. Sign of Agrinion by the roadside" 00:00:06
00:06:57 Harvest in a field of Virginia tobacco (6 shots) 00:01:03
00:08:00 Virginia tobacco leaf drying process (5 shots) 00:00:38
00:08:38 After the so called Asia minor catastrophe in 1922 that ended in a Greek exodus from Turkey tobacco cultivation was essential to the survival of the Greek economy in view of the mass of refugees. The cultivation of tobacco was the basis of the Greek economy especially during that period. And of course today it continues to be a fundamental sector of the Greek economy and also a tradition in Greece. This is because in the villages and the regions where tobacco is cultivated there are no other possibilities for an alternative crop. 00:00:30
00:08:38 14."Interview in Greek with Mr. Zografos, Director of Purchase and Trade for the Greek National Tobacco Board" 00:01:06
00:09:08 Why should the Greek and the European tobacco producers have to pay the consequences when it is obvious that imports from third countries will increase in order to fulfil the requirements of the European tobacco industry. Is it possible for us to defend a reduction in tobacco production in Europe on the basis that it has harmful effects on health despite smoking being a habit on the increase? Tobacco will continue to be imported from third countries. 00:01:28
00:09:44 16.II. TOBACCO PRODUCTION REFORM 00:00:00
00:09:44 15.Protest by tobacco growers in Brussels on 17.12.97 (6 shots) 00:00:52
00:10:36 General view of the press room 00:00:06
00:10:36 17."Joint Press Conference by Commissioner Pádraig Flynn and Commissioner Franz Fischler on the anti-smoking campaign and the tobacco reform;, 18.12.97" 00:02:17
00:10:42 "Commissioner Franz Fischler speaking in German:""This is a very important area involving a total of around 150,000 families in the European Union who are dependent on tobacco production. The idea is that conditions would be created to guarantee a clear future for all those involved. In the past we have seen that quality of produce did not always meet the requirements that are placed on modern tobacco and tobacco origins these days. We therefore decided to promote quality production.""" 00:00:46
00:11:28 "We cannot offer any de facto alternative to these families. You must not forget that the average size of a tobacco holding in the European Union is just over a hectare and there is no crop in Europe at the moment which could be used as an alternative for these people, that they could live on without bringing other markets into serious difficulty. So that is the reality of the situation." 00:00:43
00:12:11 "I am in favour of not providing aid in the same way as was done in the past but rather going for a quality objective. That maker the aid more justifiable, there is no doubt about that." 00:00:18
00:12:29 Cutaways of the press conference (2 shots) 00:00:24
00:12:53 Exterior of a cigarette factory near Antwerp 00:00:14
00:12:53 18.III. CIGARETTES PRODUCTION 00:02:31
00:13:07 "General view of the tobacco warehouse in the factory with tobacco from around the world , ex Turkey (2 shots)" 00:00:13
00:13:20 Pressed tobacco being prepared for the blending - trolley placing it in boxes (2 shots) 00:00:20
00:13:40 General view of tobacco ready to be blended 00:00:07
00:13:47 Blending of tobacco leaves on a conveyor belt (2 shots) 00:00:11
00:13:58 Tobacco ready for cigarette production (2 shots) 00:00:13
00:14:11 Cigarette producing machinery 00:00:12
00:14:23 Close up of tobacco 00:00:05
00:14:28 Worker cleaning machinery 00:00:06
00:14:34 Close up of cigarette paper 00:00:06
00:14:40 Close up of digital screen indicating number of cigarettes being produced per minute 00:00:06
00:14:46 General view of cigarettes ready for packaging (4 shots) 00:00:38
00:15:24 "Fast food restaurant in Brussels, general view" 00:00:05
00:15:24 19.IV. SMOKING AND HEALTH 00:08:24
00:15:29 Non-smoking area 00:00:10
00:15:39 Close up of sign indicating non-smoking area 00:00:06
00:15:45 Smoking area (2 shots) 00:00:15
00:16:00 Public transport smoking ban on buses and metros: five shots on the bus and five shots for the underground 00:01:30
00:17:30 Young teenagers smoking in front of their school in Brussels (8 shots) 00:01:00
00:18:30 Old men smoking in Greece (4 shots) 00:00:25
00:18:55 Young women smoking in Greece (2 shots) 00:00:12
00:19:07 "Entrance to a hospital in Belgium, Hospital Saint-Godine" 00:00:10
00:19:17 Sign inside hospital indicating respiratory clinic 00:00:05
00:19:22 Patient undergoing a lung capacity check and nurse monitoring results on a computer (6 shots) 00:01:18
00:20:40 Interview between a patient and doctor on smoking habits and explaining x-rays (3 shots) 00:00:46
00:21:26 Close-up of x-ray of lungs with a respiratory disease called emphysema 00:00:09
00:21:35 View of a hospital corridor 00:00:12
00:21:47 View of hospital patients (2 shots) 00:00:18
00:22:05 Anti-smoking campaign posters in the hospital (2 shots) 00:00:15
00:22:20 "Joint Press Conference by Commissioner Pádraig Flynn and Commissioner Franz Fischler on the anti-smoking campaign and the tobacco reform; 18.12.97Exterior of the European Commission headquarters, the BreydelCommissioner Pádraig Flynn speaking in English:" 00:00:12
00:22:32 "Selon les statistiques dont je dispose ici, la moitié des fumeurs réguliers risquent d'être tués par leur habitude. Je crois qu'il y a une obligation pour nous, particulièrement en fonction de l'article 129, qui établit que la protection de la santé une partie constituante des politiques communautaires. C'est pourquoi, je poursuis et je n'ai aucun doute que, si je convainc la Commission de consacrer un billion à une campagne de promotion sur la santé traitant du tabac, il y aurait alors une grosse réduction de fumeurs parce que nous connaissons l'influence de la publicité dans ce domaine." 00:00:43
00:23:15 Cutaway of press conference 00:00:33
00:23:48 Women 00:00:10
00:23:48 Percentage of smokers in the European Union amongst men and women from 1987 to 1994It shows a slight decrease in both men and women in the last eight years. 00:00:00
00:23:48 20.V. GRAPHICS 00:02:55
00:23:58 Men 00:00:08
00:24:06 Both 00:00:11
00:24:17 Evolution of the number of tobacco-related deaths amongst men and women between 1953 and 1993. Shows an overall increase in both. Women and men together. 00:00:18
00:24:35 "Raw Tobacco production in Europe between 1985 and 1996. Belgium, Germany, Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Greece, European (12). Shows a definite decrease in the production of tobacco in all countries except Portugal" 00:00:55
00:25:30 Raw tobacco production in the European Union in 1995 comparing the seven countries. 00:00:21
00:25:51 "Percentage of global raw leaf tobacco production ; comparison between the European Union, China and North America." 00:00:14
00:26:05 European Union expenditure on tobacco subsidies from 1980 to 1997.Shows an overall decrease in spending. 00:00:21
00:26:26 European Union tobacco consumption compared with European Union tobacco imports Shows that the European Union has to import a large part of the tobacco it consumes.Imports in orange and consumption in green. 00:00:47
00:26:43 21.Copyright 00:00:30
00:27:13 END 00:00:00
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