Extracts from the exchange of views with Hassan Sheikh MOHAMUD, President of Somalia:
EP Committee on Foreign Affairs
Jointly with EP Committee on Development
Lieu: Brussels, Belgium - European Parliament
End production: 30/01/2013 First transmission: 31/01/2013
The president of Somalia, Hassan SHEIKH MOHAMUD, visited today the European Parliament to discuss the latest developments in the Horn of Africa. Somalia is the poorest country within the Horn of Africa and it generates one of the highest numbers of refugees in the world. This situation makes some starving Somali farmers to turn into piracy. Another problem hitting the country is the fight against Al Shabaab, the Islamist militia. From the MEPs point of view, these situations will not change unless they are affronted with international security concerns. MEPs also called on President SHEIKH MOHAMUD to ensure the formation of inclusive, broad-based governing institutions, stabilization, the rule of law and good governance, economic recovery, peace-building and reconciliation.
Only the original language version is authentic and it prevails in the event of its differing from the translated versions.
||Exterior shot of the European Parliament, Brussels
||Interior, Arrival of Hassan Sheikh MOHAMUD, President of Somalia (2 shots)
||SOUNDBITE (English) Elmar BROK, President of the AFET EP Committee: "I would like to express my sincere support to the people of Somalia and to the new federal government. We know that there is still a long difficult read ahead before the federal institutions are consolidated and the people of Somalia can really enjoy the rewards of security and development after so many years of hardship and conflict".
||SOUNDBITE (English) Nirj DEVA (ECR, UK), Vice-Chair of the DEVE EP Committee: "One of the solvable problems in my view, a tractable problem, is the problem of piracy. This is been increasing at alarming levels and although there have been 9 UN Security Council resolutions and 3 multinational level operations, including the EU's one Atalanta, the amount paid out in ransoms per year has increased more than 7 times since 2007".
||SOUNDBITE (English) Hassan Sheikh MOHAMUD, President of Somalia: "75 % of our children they do not go to school, they play in districts and the consequences of this 75% that are out of school, the initial indications, are already in place. That's the piracy and that's terrorism. Those boys who were 5 years old when the state collapsed are today 27 years old. Without having school, without having any other hope, they are a breeding ground and easily recruitable to piracy, to terrorism and to other evil activities".
||SOUNDBITE (English) Hassan Sheikh MOHAMUD, President of Somalia: ""Our judiciary has no capacity to take the legal stand against this evil act of the piracy. We don't have enough custodian facilities to keep them in place. On the other hand we are not very happy that a lot of our young people are kept in Switzerland or in Kenya or in different parts of the world".
||SOUNDBITE (English) Hassan Sheikh MOHAMUD, President of Somalia: "The only way out we have is a very functioning Somalian state in place, that's what Somalia is lacking".
||SOUNDBITE (English) Hassan Sheikh MOHAMUD, President of Somalia: "Somalia needs a legitimated government in place. Legitimated in the eyes of its citizens, legitimated in the eyes of the international community, whereby Europe can play a leading role on that aspect and we are grateful of the answers and reactions so far we are getting from the leadership of the EU".
||SOUNDBITE (English) Hassan Sheikh MOHAMUD, President of Somalia: "For the first time in the recent history of Somalia our government has presented a budget into the Parliament, and Parliament endorsed that budget. So we have a budget in place, and we have three top priorities: security, judiciary and public finances and institution in other to get a means that the rest of the world can see".
||SOUNDBITE (English) Charles TANNOCK (ECR, UK), Rapporteur on the Horn of Africa: "How do you see the economy of your country developing once peace and security can be re-established and the scourge of piracy and Al Shabaab terrorism can be defeated?"
||SOUNDBITE (English) Michael CASHMAN (S&D, UK): "I hear what you said about the journalist and about the woman who was allegedly raped by security forces but because the allegation of rape was against security forces I have to say this: how the issue is dealt with will actually define in the short term your government's record o human right, but you are absolutely right, the independence of the judiciary must be upheld and I'm sure that she will go back vigilant and determined to do that".
||SOUNDBITE (English) Hassan Sheikh MOHAMUD, President of Somalia: "We are working to establish and to put in place a reliable, credible, judiciary system that make justice in Somalia. But that will not happen over night. What we need is for you to have limited tolerance to be given to us and we will come up with a reliable system of justice system in Somalia soon".
||cutaway shots, (4 shots)