Navigation path

Login   |   Register

Advanced search Search in:    Audio    Photo    Video    Shotlist


OR









Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman

848 213 views

The statesman Robert Schuman, a qualified lawyer and French foreign minister between1948 and 1952, is regarded as one of the founding fathers of European unity.
Schuman was born in Luxembourg and was influenced by his background in theFrench-German border region. Despite, or maybe as a result of his experiences in NaziGermany, he recognised that only a lasting reconciliation with Germany could form the basisfor a united Europe. Deported to Germany in 1940, he joined the French Resistance uponfleeing two years later. In spite of this, he showed no resentment when, following the war,he became foreign minister.
In cooperation with Jean Monnet he drew up the internationally renowned Schuman Plan,which he published on 9 May 1950, the date now regarded as the birth of theEuropean Union. He proposed joint control of coal and steel production, the most importantmaterials for the armaments industry. The basic idea was that whoever did not have control over coal and steel productionwould not be able to fight a war.
Schuman informed the German chancellor Adenauer of the plan, who immediately recognised the opportunity for a peacefulEurope and agreed. Shortly afterwards, the governments of Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands also reacted.The six states signed the agreement for the European Coal and Steel Community in Paris in April 1951. In this way, Europebegan as a peace initiative.
Schuman also supported the formation of a common European defence policy, and held the post of President of theEuropean Parliament from 1958 to 1960.

Type: Clip   Reference: I-072669   Date: 04/05/2012   Duration: 00:50
Personalities:   Schuman, Robert  

Languages: ORIGINAL
© European Union, 2012   /   Source: EC - Audiovisual Service
Director: Diana Cioponea
To download, please log in






Related videos

00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Konrad Adenauer
Founding fathers of the EU: Konrad Adenauer
Ref: I-072668
Date: 04/05/2012
00:50 Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
Ref: I-072669
Date: 04/05/2012
00:53 Founding fathers of the EU: Joseph Bech
Founding fathers of the EU: Joseph Bech
Ref: I-072676
Date: 04/05/2012
00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Paul-Henri Spaak
Founding fathers of the EU: Paul-Henri Spaak
Ref: I-072671
Date: 04/05/2012
01:02 Founding fathers of the EU: Sicco Mansholt
Founding fathers of the EU: Sicco Mansholt
Ref: I-072853
Date: 04/05/2012
00:54 Founding fathers of the EU: Alcide De Gasperi
Founding fathers of the EU: Alcide De Gasperi
Ref: I-072674
Date: 04/05/2012
00:47 Founding fathers of the EU: Jean Monnet
Founding fathers of the EU: Jean Monnet
Ref: I-072670
Date: 04/05/2012
00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Walter Hallstein
Founding fathers of the EU: Walter Hallstein
Ref: I-072675
Date: 04/05/2012
More videos

Video Player   Need some help?


You don't find what you are looking for? Ask us!


Fri 11/01
European Commission - Upcoming events The European Commission is organising a conference "Countering online disinformation - Towards a more transparent, credible and diverse digital media ecosystem" in Brussels on 29 January 2019.
Tue 15/01
European - Press release Commission Strasbourg, 15 January 2019 The Commission has today kick-started the debate on reforming decision-making for areas of EU taxation policy, which currently requires unanimity among Member States.
Tue 15/01
European Commission - Fact Sheet Strasbourg, 15 January 2019 Why is action needed on the EU decision-making process for taxation policy? In recent years, taxation has become a burning issue for the international community.
Tue 15/01
European Commission - Daily News Daily News 15 / 01 / 2019 Brussels, 15 January 2019 COLLEGE MEETING: Commission launches debate on a gradual transition to more efficient and democratic decision-making in EU tax policy The Commission has today kick-started the debate on reforming decision-making for areas of EU taxation...
Tue 15/01
European Commission - EUROSTAT November 2018 - November 2018 - Brussels, 15 January 2019 The first estimate for euro area (EA19) exports of goods to the rest of the world in November 2018 was €203.0 billion, an increase of 1.9% compared with November 2017 (€199.2 bn).
Tue 15/01
European Commission - Statement Brussels, 15 January 2019 I take note with regret of the outcome of the vote in the House of Commons this evening. On the EU side, the process of ratification of the Withdrawal Agreement continues.
Mon 14/01
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 14 January 2019 More than 14,500 18-year-olds have been selected from almost 80,000 applications to receive a DiscoverEU travel pass. Participants will be able to travel between 15 April and 31 October 2019 for up to 30 days.
Mon 14/01
European Commission - Fact Sheet Brussels, 14 January 2019 . What is DiscoverEU? DiscoverEU is an EU initiative which offers 18-year-olds a travel experience that will enable them to take advantage of the freedom of movement in the European Union, discover the diversity of European regions, enjoy its cultural richness,...
Mon 14/01
European Commission - Daily News Daily News 14 / 01 / 2019 Brussels, 14 January 2019 Joint letter by President Juncker and President Tusk to Prime Minister May Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, together with European Council President Donald Tusk, has today replied to a letter by Prime Minister of the...
Mon 14/01
European Commission - EUROSTAT Brussels, 14 January 2019 The EU28 seasonally adjusted current account of the balance of payments recorded a surplus of €38.7 billion (1.0% of GDP) in the third quarter of 2018, down from a surplus of €59.9 billion (1.5% of GDP) in the second quarter of 2018...

Go to useful links page Useful links

Go to rss page Go to EU Tube page Go to twitter page Go to facebook page Go to contact page


Credit © European Union, 2019