Navigation path

Login   |   Register

Advanced search Search in:    Audio    Photo    Video    Shotlist


OR









Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman

840 490 views

The statesman Robert Schuman, a qualified lawyer and French foreign minister between 1948 and 1952, is regarded as one of the founding fathers of European unity.
Schuman was born in Luxembourg and was influenced by his background in the French-German border region. Despite, or maybe as a result of his experiences in Nazi Germany, he recognised that only a lasting reconciliation with Germany could form the basis for a united Europe. Deported to Germany in 1940, he joined the French Resistance upon fleeing two years later. In spite of this, he showed no resentment when, following the war, he became foreign minister.
In cooperation with Jean Monnet he drew up the internationally renowned Schuman Plan, which he published on 9 May 1950, the date now regarded as the birth of the European Union. He proposed joint control of coal and steel production, the most important materials for the armaments industry. The basic idea was that whoever did not have control over coal and steel production would not be able to fight a war.
Schuman informed the German chancellor Adenauer of the plan, who immediately recognised the opportunity for a peaceful Europe and agreed. Shortly afterwards, the governments of Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands also reacted. The six states signed the agreement for the European Coal and Steel Community in Paris in April 1951. In this way, Europe began as a peace initiative.
Schuman also supported the formation of a common European defence policy, and held the post of President of the European Parliament from 1958 to 1960.

Type: Clip   Reference: I-072669   Date: 04/05/2012   Duration: 00:50
Personalities:   Schuman, Robert  

Languages: ORIGINAL
© European Union, 2012   /   Source: EC - Audiovisual Service
Director: Diana Cioponea
To download, please log in






Related videos

00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Paul-Henri Spaak
Founding fathers of the EU: Paul-Henri Spaak
Ref: I-072671
Date: 04/05/2012
01:02 Founding fathers of the EU: Sicco Mansholt
Founding fathers of the EU: Sicco Mansholt
Ref: I-072853
Date: 04/05/2012
00:55 Founding fathers of the EU: Altiero Spinelli
Founding fathers of the EU: Altiero Spinelli
Ref: I-072673
Date: 04/05/2012
00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Konrad Adenauer
Founding fathers of the EU: Konrad Adenauer
Ref: I-072668
Date: 04/05/2012
00:50 Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
Ref: I-072669
Date: 04/05/2012
00:47 Founding fathers of the EU: Jean Monnet
Founding fathers of the EU: Jean Monnet
Ref: I-072670
Date: 04/05/2012
00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Walter Hallstein
Founding fathers of the EU: Walter Hallstein
Ref: I-072675
Date: 04/05/2012
00:54 Founding fathers of the EU: Alcide De Gasperi
Founding fathers of the EU: Alcide De Gasperi
Ref: I-072674
Date: 04/05/2012
More videos

Video Player   Need some help?


You don't find what you are looking for? Ask us!


Fri 13/10
European Commission - Upcoming events The news: In October 2017, the European Commission will present a set of measures to better defend European citizens against terrorist threats and build a Europe that protects. Together with the 11th Progress Report towards an effective and genuine Security Union, the package will include...
Tue 17/10
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 17 October 2017 The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed creation of an acetate flake and acetate tow joint venture by Celanese and Blackstone under the EU Merger Regulation.
Tue 17/10
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 17 October 2017 The European Commission, on behalf of the European Union (EU), has today approved the disbursement of a €100 million loan to Jordan under its Macro-Financial Assistance (MFA) programme.
Tue 17/10
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 17 October 2017 The EU funded Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) programme has now reached one million refugees living in Turkey. Launched by the European Commission in September 2016, and implemented by the World Food Programme and the Turkish Red Crescent in collaboration with...
Tue 17/10
European Commission - Daily News Daily News 17 / 10 / 2017 Brussels, 17 October 2017 EU approves €100 million in financial assistance for Jordan Today, the European Commission will disburse a €100 million loan to Jordan under the EU's Macro-Financial Assistance (MFA) programme.
Tue 17/10
European Commission - EUROSTAT September 2017 - September 2017 - Brussels, 17 October 2017 Euro area annual inflation was 1.5% in September 2017, stable compared with August 2017. In September 2016 the rate was 0.4%. European Union annual inflation was 1.8% in September 2017, up from 1.7% in August 2017.
Mon 16/10
European Commission - Daily News Daily News 16 / 10 / 2017 Brussels, 16 October 2017 Eurostat: 17 octobre: journée internationale pour l'élimination de la pauvreté - Tendance à la baisse pour la proportion de personnes menacées de pauvreté ou d'exclusion sociale dans l'UE En 2016, 117.5 millions de personnes,...
Mon 16/10
European Commission - EUROSTAT Brussels, 16 October 2017 In 2016, 117.5 million people, or 23.4% of the population, in the European Union (EU)were at risk of poverty or social exclusion. This means that they were in at least one of the following three conditions: at-risk-of-poverty after social transfers (income poverty),...
Mon 16/10
European Commission - EUROSTAT August 2017 - August 2017 - Brussels, 16 October 2017 The first estimate for euro area (EA19) exports of goods to the rest of the world in August 2017 was €171.5 billion, an increase of 6.8% compared with August 2016 (€160.6 bn).
Mon 16/10
European Commission - Statement Brussels, 16 October 2017 The following joint statement was issued by President Jean-Claude Juncker and Prime Minister Theresa May following their working dinner in Brussels on 16 October 2017: "The Prime Minister and the President of the European Commission had a broad, constructive exchange on current...

Go to useful links page Useful links

Go to rss page Go to EU Tube page Go to twitter page Go to facebook page Go to contact page


Credit © European Union, 2017