Navigation path

Login   |   Register
 

Advanced search Search in:    Audio    Photo    Video    Shotlist


OR









Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman

624873 views

The statesman Robert Schuman, a qualified lawyer and French foreign minister between 1948 and 1952, is regarded as one of the founding fathers of European unity.
Schuman was born in Luxembourg and was influenced by his background in the French-German border region. Despite, or maybe as a result of his experiences in Nazi Germany, he recognised that only a lasting reconciliation with Germany could form the basis for a united Europe. Deported to Germany in 1940, he joined the French Resistance upon fleeing two years later. In spite of this, he showed no resentment when, following the war, he became foreign minister.
In cooperation with Jean Monnet he drew up the internationally renowned Schuman Plan, which he published on 9 May 1950, the date now regarded as the birth of the European Union. He proposed joint control of coal and steel production, the most important materials for the armaments industry. The basic idea was that whoever did not have control over coal and steel production would not be able to fight a war.
Schuman informed the German chancellor Adenauer of the plan, who immediately recognised the opportunity for a peaceful Europe and agreed. Shortly afterwards, the governments of Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands also reacted. The six states signed the agreement for the European Coal and Steel Community in Paris in April 1951. In this way, Europe began as a peace initiative.
Schuman also supported the formation of a common European defence policy, and held the post of President of the European Parliament from 1958 to 1960.

Type: Clip   Reference: I-072669   Date: 04/05/2012   Duration: 00:50
© European Union, 2012   /   Source: EC - Audiovisual Service
Director: Diana Cioponea
To download, please log in



Related media

00:55 Founding fathers of the EU: Altiero Spinelli
Founding fathers of the EU: Altiero Spinelli
Ref: I-072673
Date: 04/05/2012
00:47 Founding fathers of the EU: Jean Monnet
Founding fathers of the EU: Jean Monnet
Ref: I-072670
Date: 04/05/2012
01:02 Founding fathers of the EU: Sicco Mansholt
Founding fathers of the EU: Sicco Mansholt
Ref: I-072853
Date: 04/05/2012
00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Walter Hallstein
Founding fathers of the EU: Walter Hallstein
Ref: I-072675
Date: 04/05/2012
00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Konrad Adenauer
Founding fathers of the EU: Konrad Adenauer
Ref: I-072668
Date: 04/05/2012
00:53 Founding fathers of the EU: Joseph Bech
Founding fathers of the EU: Joseph Bech
Ref: I-072676
Date: 04/05/2012
00:50 Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
Ref: I-072669
Date: 04/05/2012
00:54 Founding fathers of the EU: Alcide De Gasperi
Founding fathers of the EU: Alcide De Gasperi
Ref: I-072674
Date: 04/05/2012
Video Player   Need some help?


You don't find what you are looking for? Ask us!


Thu 12/05
European Commission - Upcoming events The news: The tenth edition of the European Development Days will take place in Brussels on 15-16 June.   The background: The European Development Days is Europe’s leading forum on international cooperation and development.
Fri 20/05
European Commission - Upcoming events The news: The Commission will host Green Week, the biggest annual occasion to discuss European environment policy, taking place from Monday, 30 May to Friday, 3 June 2016. This year's theme is on "Investing for a greener future": how investment should integrate economic opportunity with...
Mon 30/05
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 30 May 2016 Today, the informal Ministerial meeting on urban matters agreed on the "Pact of Amsterdam", which sets out the principles of the Urban Agenda for the EU. Today, the Commission is taking part in the informal meeting in Amsterdam of the 28...
Mon 30/05
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 30 May 2016 Today, the Commission has adopted new rules on how it selects the advisory expert groups which provide external expertise to help inform the policy-making process.
Mon 30/05
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 30 May 2016 First round of negotiations to take place in Brussels already in June. EU Commissioner for Trade Cecilia Malmström met today the Secretary of Economy of Mexico Ildefonso Guajardo Villarreal to mark the beginning of new trade and investment negotiations between the...
Mon 30/05
- Press release European Commission Brussels, 30 May 2016 Today, the European Commission appointed Jochen Pöttgen as the new Head of the European Commission Regional Office in Bonn. He will take up office on 01 June 2016.
Mon 30/05
- Press release European Commission Brussels, 30 May 2016 Today, the European Commission appointed Alain Dumort as the new Head of the European Commission Regional Office in Marseille. He will take up office on 1 June 2016.
Mon 30/05
European Commission - Daily News Daily News 30 / 05 / 2016 Brussels, 30 May 2016 More transparent and balanced interest representation: Commission adopts new expert group rules Today, the Commission has adopted new rules on how it selects the advisory expert groups which provide external expertise to help inform...
Mon 30/05
European Commission - Speech - [Check Against Delivery] Speech Speech Luxembourg, 30 May 2016 Moien, lieber Joseph Daul, sehr verehrte Ehrengäste, meine sehr verehrten Damen und Herren, liebe Parteifreunde, die EVP gab es schon lange bevor sie offiziell gegründet wurde.
Mon 30/05
European Commission - EUROSTAT Brussels, 30 May 2016 Home to a large share of the population aged 20 to 64 in the European Union (EU), cities can be viewed as both the source of and solution to many of today’s economic, social and environmental challenges.

Go to useful links page Useful links

Go to rss page Go to EU Tube page Go to twitter page Go to facebook page Go to contact page


Credit © European Union, 2016