Navigation path

Login   |   Register

Advanced search Search in:    Audio    Photo    Video    Shotlist


OR









Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman

806 798 views

The statesman Robert Schuman, a qualified lawyer and French foreign minister between 1948 and 1952, is regarded as one of the founding fathers of European unity.
Schuman was born in Luxembourg and was influenced by his background in the French-German border region. Despite, or maybe as a result of his experiences in Nazi Germany, he recognised that only a lasting reconciliation with Germany could form the basis for a united Europe. Deported to Germany in 1940, he joined the French Resistance upon fleeing two years later. In spite of this, he showed no resentment when, following the war, he became foreign minister.
In cooperation with Jean Monnet he drew up the internationally renowned Schuman Plan, which he published on 9 May 1950, the date now regarded as the birth of the European Union. He proposed joint control of coal and steel production, the most important materials for the armaments industry. The basic idea was that whoever did not have control over coal and steel production would not be able to fight a war.
Schuman informed the German chancellor Adenauer of the plan, who immediately recognised the opportunity for a peaceful Europe and agreed. Shortly afterwards, the governments of Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands also reacted. The six states signed the agreement for the European Coal and Steel Community in Paris in April 1951. In this way, Europe began as a peace initiative.
Schuman also supported the formation of a common European defence policy, and held the post of President of the European Parliament from 1958 to 1960.

Type: Clip   Reference: I-072669   Date: 04/05/2012   Duration: 00:50
Personalities:   Schuman, Robert  

© European Union, 2012   /   Source: EC - Audiovisual Service
Director: Diana Cioponea
To download, please log in






Related videos

00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Paul-Henri Spaak
Founding fathers of the EU: Paul-Henri Spaak
Ref: I-072671
Date: 04/05/2012
01:02 Founding fathers of the EU: Sicco Mansholt
Founding fathers of the EU: Sicco Mansholt
Ref: I-072853
Date: 04/05/2012
00:55 Founding fathers of the EU: Altiero Spinelli
Founding fathers of the EU: Altiero Spinelli
Ref: I-072673
Date: 04/05/2012
00:58 Founding fathers of the EU: Konrad Adenauer
Founding fathers of the EU: Konrad Adenauer
Ref: I-072668
Date: 04/05/2012
00:50 Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
Ref: I-072669
Date: 04/05/2012
00:47 Founding fathers of the EU: Jean Monnet
Founding fathers of the EU: Jean Monnet
Ref: I-072670
Date: 04/05/2012
00:54 Founding fathers of the EU: Alcide De Gasperi
Founding fathers of the EU: Alcide De Gasperi
Ref: I-072674
Date: 04/05/2012
00:53 Founding fathers of the EU: Joseph Bech
Founding fathers of the EU: Joseph Bech
Ref: I-072676
Date: 04/05/2012
More videos

Video Player   Need some help?


You don't find what you are looking for? Ask us!


Thu 03/08
European Commission - Upcoming events The news: On Wednesday 13 September 2017, the President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, will deliver his State of the Union address at the European Parliament. After a broad debate across our continent on the #FutureofEurope, with citizens, with the European Parliament, national Parliaments,...
Thu 17/08
Commission - Press release European Brussels, 17 August 2017 Today the first group of European Solidarity Corps volunteers is arriving in Norcia, Italy, to help with the ongoing efforts to repair damage and rebuild social services for the local community affected by the severe earthquakes that hit the region a...
Thu 17/08
European Commission - Daily News Daily News 17 / 08 / 2017 Brussels, 17 August 2017 Incendies de forêt au Portugal: l'UE soutient les efforts de reconstruction avec les fonds européens et poursuit l'aide d'urgence Le Portugal continue d'être soutenu par le mécanisme de protection civile de l'UE pour les...
Thu 17/08
European Commission - EUROSTAT Brussels, 17 August 2017 The first estimate for euro area (EA19) exports of goods to the rest of the world in June 2017 was €187.2 billion, an increase of 3.9% compared with June 2016 (€180.2 bn).
Thu 17/08
European Commission - EUROSTAT Brussels, 17 August 2017 Euro area annual inflation was 1.3% in July 2017, stable compared with June 2017. In July 2016 the rate was 0.2%. European Union annual inflation was 1.5% in July 2017, also stable compared to June 2017.
Wed 16/08
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 16 August 2017 The European Commission is launching today an EU-wide public consultation on how to make the EU food supply chain fairer. Farmers, citizens and other interested parties are invited to share their views on the functioning of the food supply chain through...
Wed 16/08
European Commission - Daily News Daily News 16 / 08 / 2017 Brussels, 16 August 2017 EU and Switzerland to link their Emissions Trading Systems* [updated on 16/8/2017 at 13:15] The EU has today moved one step closer to linking its Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) for the first time.
Wed 16/08
European Commission - EUROSTAT Brussels, 16 August 2017 Seasonally adjusted GDP rose by 0.6% in both the euro area (EA19) and the EU28 during the second quarter of 2017, compared with the previous quarter, according to a flash estimate published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
Mon 14/08
European Commission - Daily News Daily News 14 / 08 / 2017 Brussels, 14 August 2017 Feux de forêt au Portugal: l'UE facilite la mobilisation d'avions, de véhicules et de pompiers [updated on 14/8/2017 at 12:26] La Commission européenne a aidé à mobiliser un soutien considérable pour le Portugal à travers...
Mon 14/08
European Commission - EUROSTAT Brussels, 14 August 2017 In June 2017 compared with May 2017, seasonally adjusted industrial production fell by 0.6% in the euro area (EA19) and by 0.5% in the EU28, according to estimates from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.

Go to useful links page Useful links

Go to rss page Go to EU Tube page Go to twitter page Go to facebook page Go to contact page


Credit © European Union, 2017