ECHO: Albania/former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
The video stockshots covers long-term projects of ECHO in Albania (medical centres, hospitals, drinking water supply) as well as camps and collective centres for the Kosovar refugees in both Albania and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Commissioner Emma Bonino's visit to the camps and her meetings with the Prime Ministers of both countries are included together with her statements and press conferences.
These video stockshots illustrate the following themes:
1.Camp under Construction Rrashbull, Albania
2.ECHO Offices Skopje/Tirana
3.Extracts From Press Conferences of Commissioner Emma Bonino (8-9/05/1999)
4.Meetings with the Prime Ministers of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Albania (8-9/05/1999)
5.General Views of ShkodÎr, Albania
6.Collective Centres, ShkodÎr, Albania
7.Refugee Camp, Shengjin, Albania
8.Refugee Camp, Cegrane, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
10.Border Transit Camp, Blace, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
11.Refugee Camp, Stenkovec 1 (Brazda), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
12. Maternity Hospital, Tirana
13.Drinking Water Supply, Tirana
14.Health Centre of Pajove, Albania
15.General view, Tirana
ECHO (European Community Humanitarian Office) is responsible for administering humanitarian aid on behalf of the European Union. Since 1992, it has become the largest global donor of humanitarian aid providing assistance in more than 70 countries worldwide. This role is carried out in close cooperation with almost 200 partners including the UN relief agencies, the Red Cross and NGOs from all EU Member States and other countries.
ECHO has been providing humanitarian aid to Albania since 1992. Before the worsening of the refugee crisis in 1999, ECHO provided almost 25 Meuro in the period 1992-1998. With Albania suffering the consequences of descending into near anarchy in 1997 following the collapse of pyramid financial schemes, ECHO provided support for public health and social services sectors. This included rehabilitation of institutions for the handicapped as well as water and sanitation facilities. 5 Meuro was spent on a food security programme to assist the government's progress towards stability.
As the Kosovar refugee problem worsened dramatically in the region in 1999, ECHO cleared a package of humanitarian aid worth 150 Meuro from the Emergency Aid Reserve. This is in addition to the 32 Meuro that have already been made available from ECHO's budget. The top priority of the funding will be shelter. The funding will focus on actions in Albania; the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; Montenegro and Serbia, including Kosovo. 100 Meuro of the reserve will provide a contingency fund to provide aid to resettle people returning to Kosovo as soon as this becomes possible.
In the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, ECHO began its operations in 1997, contributing 686,000 euro to date.
Officially 121,000 refugees are accommodated in host families (approx. 30,000 are unregistered). ECHO provides complementary feeding and distribution of clothes up to adolescence. It also undertakes basic repairs to houses, including sanitary facilities and electricity. Food parcels are also provided as part of the host family programme. ECHO contribution: 6 Meuro.
In the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia one component of the ECHO assistance is the Social Programme. 5,600 families in need are now receiving food parcels and this number will be extended to 15,000 by the end of 1999