Navigation path

Login   |   Register
 

Advanced search Search in:    Audio    Photo    Video    Shotlist


OR









Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman

430,925 views

The statesman Robert Schuman, a qualified lawyer and French foreign minister between 1948 and 1952, is regarded as one of the founding fathers of European unity.
Schuman was born in Luxembourg and was influenced by his background in the French-German border region. Despite, or maybe as a result of his experiences in Nazi Germany, he recognised that only a lasting reconciliation with Germany could form the basis for a united Europe. Deported to Germany in 1940, he joined the French Resistance upon fleeing two years later. In spite of this, he showed no resentment when, following the war, he became foreign minister.
In cooperation with Jean Monnet he drew up the internationally renowned Schuman Plan, which he published on 9 May 1950, the date now regarded as the birth of the European Union. He proposed joint control of coal and steel production, the most important materials for the armaments industry. The basic idea was that whoever did not have control over coal and steel production would not be able to fight a war.
Schuman informed the German chancellor Adenauer of the plan, who immediately recognised the opportunity for a peaceful Europe and agreed. Shortly afterwards, the governments of Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands also reacted. The six states signed the agreement for the European Coal and Steel Community in Paris in April 1951. In this way, Europe began as a peace initiative.
Schuman also supported the formation of a common European defence policy, and held the post of President of the European Parliament from 1958 to 1960.

Type: HISTORY   Reference: I-072669   Date: 09/05/2012   Duration: 00:50
To download, please log in



Related media

Founding fathers of the EU: Robert Schuman
Ref: I-072669
Date: 09/05/1950
Founding fathers of the EU: Sicco Mansholt
Ref: I-072853
Founding fathers of the EU: Jean Monnet
Ref: I-072670
Founding fathers of the EU: Paul-Henri Spaak
Ref: I-072671
Founding fathers of the EU: Altiero Spinelli
Ref: I-072673
Founding fathers of the EU: Walter Hallstein
Ref: I-072675
Founding fathers of the EU: Joseph Bech
Ref: I-072676
Founding fathers of the EU: Konrad Adenauer
Ref: I-072668
Video Player   Need some help?


Investment plan


Mon 30/03
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 30 March 2015 The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of Biomet Inc by Zimmer Holdings Inc., both of the United States. Both companies produce orthopaedic implants and related surgical products.
Mon 30/03
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 30 March 2015 Following an in-depth investigation, the European Commission has concluded that compensation paid by Romania to two Swedish investors for an abolished investment aid scheme breaches EU state aid rules.
Mon 30/03
European Commission - Fact Sheet Brussels, 30 March 2015 What are the current rules on the minimum crew members required in the cockpit?            On 27 March 2015, EASA (the European Air Safety Agency) has issued a recommendation for airlines to observe the “four-eye-rule” in the cockpit; stipulating that in...
Mon 30/03
European Commission - Daily News Daily News 30 / 03 / 2015 Brussels, 30 March 2015 Two Galileo satellites successfully launched Galileo, the EU's satellite navigation programme, placed two more satellites into orbit in the night from Friday 27 to Saturday 28 March. Elżbieta Bieńkowska, European Commissioner for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and...
Mon 30/03
European Commission - EUROSTAT 30 March 2015 In 2014, average hourly labour costs in the whole economy (excluding agriculture and public administration) were estimated to be €24.6 in the European Union (EU) and €29.2 in the euro area (EA18).
Sat 28/03
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 28 March 2015 Galileo, the EU's satellite navigation programme, has just placed two more satellites into orbit. The lift-off took place on 27 March at 22.46 CET from the European spaceport near Kourou in French Guiana.
Mon 30/03
European Commission - Fact Sheet Brussels, 28 March 2015 See also IP/15/4717 Why is satellite navigation important to the EU? Today, the positioning and timing signals provided by satellite navigation systems are used in many critical areas of the economy, including effective road, sea and air traffic management, in-car navigation,...
Fri 27/03
European Commission - Top news Top Top Brussels, 27 March 2015 Background notes from the Spokesperson’s service for journalists The European Commission reserves the right to make changes   Tuesday 31 March: EU goes to Kuwait International Pledging Conference with new aid pledge for Syria The news: On 31 March...
Fri 27/03
European Commission - Commissioners' weekly activities Brussels, 27 March 2015 (Susceptible de modifications en cours de semaine) Déplacements et visites Lundi 30 mars Mr Frans Timmermans receives representatives of the European Small Business Alliance (ESBA). Mr Frans Timmermans receives Ms Anouchka van Miltenburg, President of the Dutch House of Representatives.
Fri 27/03
European Commission - Press release Brussels, 27 March 2015 Following an in-depth investigation, the European Commission has concluded that a German scheme exempting pharmaceutical companies from mandatory rebates was in line with EU State aid rules.

Go to useful links page Useful links

Go to rss page Go to EU Tube page Go to twitter page Go to facebook page Go to contact page


Credit © European Union, 2015